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CASL: Target - Method Match. Statesville Middle School January 13, 2009. Keys to Quality Classroom Assessment. Accurate Assessment. Clear Targets Assess What? What are the learning targets? Are they clear? Are they good?. Clear Purposes Why Assess? What’s the purpose?

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CASL: Target - Method Match

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CASL:Target -Method Match

Statesville Middle School

January 13, 2009


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Keys to Quality Classroom Assessment

Accurate Assessment

Clear Targets

Assess What?

What are the learning targets?

Are they clear?

Are they good?

Clear Purposes

Why Assess?

What’s the purpose?

Who will use results?

Good Design

Assess How?

What method?

Sampled how?

Avoid bias how?

Effectively Used

Sound Communication

Communicate How?

How manage information?

How report?

Student Involvement

Students are users, too.

Students need to understand learning targets, too.

Students can participate in the assessment process, too.

Students can track progress and communicate, too.


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Today’s Outcomes

  • Review target types

  • Learn the different assessment methods

  • Be able to match assessment methods to target types

  • Begin matching assessment methods to essential curriculum target types


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Review of 4 types of Learning Targets

  • Knowledge

  • Reasoning

  • Performance/Skill

  • Product

    (Remember: the pink sheet has a list of verbs that will help you determine the target type)


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Relationship of Targets


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Review: Why It’s Important to Determine Target Type

  • Know if the assessment adequately covers what we taught

  • Correctly identify what students know and don’t know

  • Keep track of student learning target by target or standard by standard

  • Helps determine HOW to assess (method)


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Clear Targets:Benefit to Students

  • According to Marzano, “Students who could identify their learning (I can statements) scored 27 percentile points higher than those who could not. S

  • Students can hit any target they can see that holds still for them.


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Target -Method Match: What is it?

  • A way to design assessments that cover our targets

  • Answers “ASSESS HOW?”


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Methods:Types of Assessment Methods

  • Selected response & short answer

  • Extended written response

  • Performance assessment

  • Personal communication


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Method 1:Selected Response (SR)

  • Students select correct or best response from a list provided

  • Students’ scores are figured as the number or proportion of questions answered correctly

  • Formats include:

    • Multiple choice

    • True/false

    • Matching

    • Short answer

    • Fill-in questions


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Method 2:Extended Written Response (EWR)

  • Requires students to construct a written answer in response to a question or task (not select one from a list)

  • extended = several sentences in length

  • Examples:

    • Compare pieces of literature

    • Solve a math problem, show & explain work

    • Interpret music, scientific info. or polling data

    • Analyze artwork

    • Describe in detail an economics process


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Method 2:Extended Written Response (cont’d)

  • Correctness judged by:

    • Giving points for specific info. present OR

    • Use of a rubric

  • Scores can be:

    • Percentage of points attained OR

    • Rubric scores


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Method 3:Performance Assessment (PA)

  • Based on observation & judgment

  • Judgment made on quality

  • Examples:

    • Playing instrument; speaking in foreign language; working in a group (the doing/process is impt)

    • Creating products like a lab report, term paper, work of art (quality of product is impt)


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Method 3:Performance Assessment (cont’d)

  • 2 parts:

    • Performance task or exercise

    • Scoring guide

  • Scoring guide:

    • Can award points for specific features of performance or product

    • Can take form of rubric: levels of quality described

  • Scores could be number or percent of points earned or a rubric score


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Method 4:Personal Communication (PC)

  • Find out what students have learned through interacting with them

  • Often an informal assessment, but if clear & accurate info. is gathered, can be used for feedback to students, self-reflection for students, goal setting

  • Examples:

    • Oral examinations

    • Interviewing students in conferences

    • Looking at & responding to students’ comments in journals and logs


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Method 4:Personal Communication (cont’d)

  • Student responses evaluated in 2 ways:

    • Correct/incorrect (for short, simple answers; parallels scoring of written selected response questions)

    • Evaluate quality (for longer, more complex; parallels to extended written response)

      • Could use a rubric to score or scoring guide


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Matching Target andAssessment Methods

Accuracy in the classroom assessment revolves around matching the different target TYPES with the appropriate form of assessment METHODS


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Activity:Target-Method Match

  • See handout/charts “Target Method Match” and Table 4.1: Links Among Achievement Targets & Assessment Methods

  • Get with a partner.

  • Put a (+) in each assessment method column that you believe is a strong match for each target type.


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Activity: Making it Meaningful

  • Using your curriculum guides (or your list of essentials) write your spring essential objectives under the correct target type on the blank grid (Target Method Match) provided.

  • Identify an appropriate assessment method for each target type by placing a (+) in the columns


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Next steps:Where do we go from here?

  • Identifying or labeling target types on PDSA target

  • Discussing in PLCs how to teach the identified learning targets (via learning strategies)

  • Begin discussing in PLCs how to appropriately assess the different targets on your next CFA


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Plus, delta, Rx

  • Please leave feedback on the sheet on the back of the door.

  • CCI folks please stay for a preview of January CCI: Student-level PDSAs


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