Dei verbum
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Dei Verbum. Divine Revelation . Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation. Recap on Vatican II Council: Vatican II did not define any new dogmas but had authority and ability to define doctrine Bishops are authentic teachers of the faith; under light & guidance of the Holy Spirit

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Dei Verbum

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Dei verbum

Dei Verbum

Divine Revelation


Dei verbum divine revelation

Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Recap on Vatican II Council:

  • Vatican II did not define any new dogmas but had authority and ability to define doctrine

  • Bishops are authentic teachers of the faith; under light & guidance of the Holy Spirit

  • When something is divine revealed assent of faith is required

  • 4 constitutions of Councils; others given name of decrees

  • Important to approach Vatican II documents with principle of looking at whole context (content and unity) of texts as teaching of the Council; and in light of tradition of the Church

  • Don’t take texts in isolation but in context of unity


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

What is Source of Church’s Authority?

  • Pope?

  • Bishops?

  • Scripture?

  • Council?

  • Magisterium?

  • Tradition?

    Answer

    Divine Revelation!


Dei verbum divine revelation2

Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Dei Verbum

  • The Word of God is NOT just Sacred Scripture; but also Sacred Tradition

  • Revelation is a free gift of God out of his love, in order to invite and receive us into His company

  • God reveals Himself by both by word & deeds; word of God proclaimed the works & the deeds show forth the reality of the words

  • Climax of this, though revelation begins by creation and prophets, is reached in Jesus Christ

  • No new revelation is expected & all other understandings is a developing & deeper understanding of revelation

    Sacred Scripture (Word) + Sacred Tradition (Works)

    Dei Verbum


Dei verbum divine revelation3

Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Dei Verbum – The Word of God

Divine Revelation


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

How does Revelation Occur?

Place of natural revelation through reason (nature) God in world occurs through witness to “deeds” (signs)

  • Some revelation is divine revelation such as the Trinity – not possible to discover through reason

  • Response of revelation is faith as man commits himself to God;

  • Obedience of faith (submission of will) to revelation DV5

  • Recognize revelation through the power of Holy Spirit implies so revelation is more profoundly understood

  • Divine revelation does not exclude natural revelation (reason)

    The response to revelation is faith


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

What is the Source of Divine Revelation?

  • Vatican II Dei Verbum takes different approach to Scripture than Trent or Vatican I

  • Vatican II gives deeper insight and fuller revelation to what is taught in Trent and Vatican I

  • Trent holds two sources of Revelation for Catholics Scripture and Tradition, in response to Protestant Scripture only

  • Dei Verbum speaks not of two sources but One source, God

  • God communicates in Scripture and Tradition

    Word of God is not just Sacred Scripture but Sacred Tradition as well


Dei verbum the word of god

Dei Verbum – The Word of God

Role of Church in Divine Revelation

  • The teaching office of Church is tasked to give authentic teaching which is exercised in name of Jesus Christ, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit

  • The Church teaches what has been entrusted to it; not superior & does not make proposals for belief, rather draws on Deposit of Faith

  • The teaching authority of the Church is not burden but gift give to Church by Christ

  • God’s Truth is presented in fullness only when three are present – Sacred Scripture; Sacred Tradition & Magisterium


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Sacred Tradition as a Source of Divine Revelation


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

What is Sacred Tradition?

  • Sacred Scripture is part of Sacred Tradition as it is revealed word of God & as Catholics we base our belief on Divine Revelation which Sacred Scripture is part of

  • Catholics value Scripture and understand that Sacred Tradition protects the authentic understanding of Scripture

  • Sacred Tradition is also the Church’s lived tradition; morals, liturgy & how Scripture is interpreted down of the ages

  • Dogma & doctrine are part of Sacred Tradition


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Role of Sacred Tradition in Divine Revelation

  • Tradition is something that is handed on includes what is written and whole way of life of Church that serves to make people of God live in holiness;

  • Tradition is all that Church is and believes – God’s revelation is not just God’s Word, but God’s deeds as well

  • Our growth in Tradition occurs through developing understanding of Divine Revelation under guidance of Holy Spirit; known as development of doctrine as the Light of faith allows growth and insight into faith

  • As time goes by the Church develops & moves closer to the Truth

  • There is ongoing work of deepening knowledge of the Deposit of Faith

    Deposit of Faith is what God revealed to us


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Distinguish between Sacred Tradition and tradition

  • Gift of Sacred Tradition is part of Divine Revelation and cannot change, as it is unchangeable truth

  • traditions (note small t) of Church that can be changed, such as regulations and ways of liturgy as they have changed throughout time

  • Role of Magisterium as the living teaching office of Church able to distinguish between Sacred Tradition and traditions; guide by the Holy Spirit

  • Vatican II implemented & made changes but not to Sacred Tradition – does not have authority

  • Magisterium cannot teach against Sacred Scripture or Sacred Tradition; in other words, cannot teach against Divine Revelation!

  • As Council is faith event guided by the Holy Spirit; role of Bishops is to discern, govern and teach & response of laity is assent of faith


Dei verbum divine revelation10

Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Sacred Scripture as a Source of Divine Revelation


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Sacred Scripture as a Source of Divine Revelation

  • Sacred Scripture all texts are written under guidance of Holy Spirit therefore given sure word of Truth

  • Who is author? Answer is God and man - God is true author but God acted through talents of human author; it is Word of God in human words; reflects nature of Incarnation

  • Vatican Council does not use word “dictation” as it can give misleading emphasis that God is whispering into author’s ear and not use of human faculties and powers – would imply no human freedom; reject “Theory of Dictation”!

  • Dei Verbum speaks of authors write in context of their enviornment to express God’s Word reaffirming that human authors remain true authors

  • God’s word in human form reflects the Mystery of the Incarnation – Jesus is both fully human & fully divine

    Scripture is both human & divine


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Sacred Scripture Sacred Scripture as a Source of Divine Revelation

  • What God saying through authors is affirmed in Dei Verbum 11 to be without error to extent it involved salvation

  • Holy Spirit communicates Truth of God for sake of our salvation

  • Scripture is Book of Faith, so not necessarily is historically, scientifically or factually accurate

  • Council dropped term “saving truths” as could mislead as some parts of Scripture not saving but reality is that ALL Scripture is about the saving truth

  • Council fathers did not want to restrict Scripture to dogma & morals which allows greater use of Scripture e.g. personal prayer

  • Shift of focus with Vatican II & Dei Verbum with recognition of modern approaches & Scripture cannot be restrict to faith and morals

  • Necessary to use various approaches for clearer interpretation of Scripture

    Clearer Understanding of Scripture = Clearer understand & awareness of what God is revealing & communicating to us


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Some Theories Regarding Authorship

  • Theory of Divine Assistance – human authors write with divine assistance; rejected as creates dual authority – what parts of Scripture are divine & what parts human!

  • Theory is Partial Inspiration - based on literature aspect of scripture with evidence of person subjective contribution & other part is called “science” dealing with eternal realities

  • Theory of Negative Assistance – humans sole authors & God does not intervene unless about to make a mistake

    All Rejected as reject Principle of Incarnation

  • Theory of Instrumental - Holy Spirit employs instruments and so moves them to assist authors and inspires them t0 write; theory recognizes Nature & Grace DV11


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Dei Verbum 14 regarding the Old Testament (OT)

  • Jesus is the fullness & complete revelation of God (Deposit of Faith) – no further revelation expected; Church now develops more understanding & knowledge of Revelation

  • OT written before Jesus though imperfect (not fullness of revelation) show matters of divine teaching & gives expression to presence of God with treasure of prayer

  • Old Testament matters are imperfect as not God’s final word (Jesus is) but preparing people of God to receive the Messiah

  • Main approach to the Old Testament is to approach it in light of the New Testament - the NT is hidden in the OT & the OT is revealed in the NT

  • Old Testament retains its literally independence; not either/or – the OT is not only understood in light of NT; but also can be approached in its own context – particular author writing at a particular time, place, topic, event


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Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

Dei Verbum 17 regarding New Testament

  • Three Stages

    • Jesus

    • The Apostles

    • 4 Gospels

  • There is a historical character to New Testament & Gospels faithful to historical facts – Church hold events in Gospels did occur

  • Authors did have freedom in writing what elements contained in written world

  • NT presents us with the Truth about Christ


  • Dei verbum divine revelation16

    Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

    Sacred Scripture as a source of Divine Revelation

    • Biblical exegesis is the study the study of Sacred Scripture seeking to understand more the Word of God/Divine Revelation

    • Church making it clear that modern elements of biblical criticism are important to understand text and author, there is a valid and important place for biblical exegesis, as it helps us gain insight into intention of author and what God is saying

    • Biblical exegesis is not a carte blanche – methods used in study of Scripture are a tool to be used for a good purpose & using valid methods can come to invalid criticism & undermined faith such as Jesus resurrection and the miracles

    • Interpretation needs to be in context and unity of Scripture within living Tradition of the Church and analogy of faith; as Church guided by the Holy Spirit Principle of Totality DV12


    Dei verbum divine revelation17

    Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

    Guidelines in understanding Sacred Scripture

    • Principle of Unity/Totality DV 2 – meaning one piece of Scripture must be view within whole context of Scripture

    • Dogma of Inerrancy – Scripture is without error or deceit in regards to faith; this does not include historical or scientific facts

    • Revelation is Christo-centric – Divine Revelation reaches its summit/climax in Christ who reveals fully & completely who God is

    • Senses of Scripture or methods of how to understand Scripture divided into Literal & Spiritual;

    • Literal refers to factual texts, words, events, history – danger of Fundamentalism in extreme approaches

    • Spiritual refers to understanding Scripture in such ways as allegory

    • Divine revelation calls for “obedience of faith” – to encounter God evokes a response of faith

      Scripture contains and communicates what it signifies, we do not encounter facts or historical events but we encounter the God who communicates


    Dei verbum divine revelation18

    Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

    “The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church” presented by the Pontifical Biblical Commission to Pope John Paul II in 1993

    • Document covers Catholic approach & understanding regarding Sacred Scripture

    • Deals with various approaches, many of which can cause misunderstand & misrepresentation of Catholic understand of Scripture

    • Document available on-line & topics accessible with opening page of contents

    • Different approach to Scripture(literal & spiritual) have positive possibilities & hidden dangers

    • Document gives bearings to Catholic exegesis on methods of Scripture study such as “Historical-Critical Method” “Fundamentalist Approach” “Patristic Reading” & “Philosophical Hermeneutics”

      “The Study of the Bible is the soul of theology”

      Theology – the study of Word of God


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    Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

    Dei Verbum Today

    • Sacred Scripture is heart of life of Church

    • Church has always honor Scripture though many Catholics did not have knowledge of Scripture viewing it as something Protestant

    • Catholics are called to immerse themselves into scripture especially those involved in pastoral ministry

    • Prayer should accompany Scripture – invoking the Holy Sprit

    • Profound understanding that we are listening to God when we read – not just learning information or reading about God, but we are actually encountering God in the Living Word/Scripture

    • Dei Verbum compares Word to Eucharist & faithful are feed from the one table of both Word and Eucharist & recognizes Christ is present in the Word as he is in the Eucharist DV 21

      Word = Eucharist


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    Dei Verbum – Divine Revelation

    Recap:

    • Dei Verbum concerned with Divine Revelation

    • Divine Revelation is God’s self communication to us for our salvation

    • Divine Revelation is composed of Sacred Tradition & Sacred Scripture

    • The Incarnation is the full & complete Divine Revelation

    • Church entrusted to communicate Divine Revelation (Deposit of Faith) throughout history; does not have authority to change or alert Faith, only how it communicates it

    • Sacred Scripture brings human/divine together & equal to Eucharist


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