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Age of Rousseau. 1792-1799. The National Convention. 1792-1795 France proclaimed a republic on Sept. 21, 1792 Abolished monarchy Based on ideas of Equality, Liberty, Fraternity. New factions. The Mountain Radical Republicans, urban class Leaders were Danton and Robespierre Girondins

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Age of rousseau

Age of Rousseau

1792-1799


The national convention
The National Convention

  • 1792-1795

  • France proclaimed a republic on Sept. 21, 1792

  • Abolished monarchy

  • Based on ideas of Equality, Liberty, Fraternity


New factions
New factions

  • The Mountain

    • Radical Republicans, urban class

    • Leaders were Danton and Robespierre

  • Girondins

    • More moderate than the Moutain and predominantly rural


Sans culottes
Sans-Culottes

  • Predominantly from the working class, extremely radical

  • Were separate from the National Convention and had economic agenda

  • Their violence and influence kept the revolution moving forward

  • Responsible for storming the Bastille, marching on Versailles, driving King from Tuleries, and September Massacres


Louis xvi
Louis XVI

  • Convicted of treason and executed on January 1793

  • If royalist ever returned to power, those who overthrew Louis would lose their lives


Ousted
Ousted

  • May 1793

  • The Mountain supported by the Sans-Culottes ousted the Girondins

  • Girondins fled Paris and worked against the Revolution


Committee of public safety
Committee of Public Safety

  • 1793-1794

  • Became emergency gov’t to deal with internal and external challenges

  • Led by Maximillien Robespierre

  • Collaborated with Sans-Culottes


Law of maximum
Law of Maximum

  • Planned economy to respond to food shortages and related economic problems

    • Enabled France to urge total war against enemies

    • Gov’t kept goods at certain prices

    • Price of bread fixed to help poor

    • Rationing of goods

    • Arms and munitions produced


Military victory
Military Victory

  • Reorganized French army by focusing on war being national mission

  • By July 1794, Austrian Netherlands and the Rhineland were once again controlled by France

  • First Coalition was falling apart

  • Nationalism became a strong force uniting French

  • Even after victories the Reign of Terror extended


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