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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك. مفاهيم ارزيابی ريسک و خطر. خطر (Hazard ). منبع بالقوهً آسيب توجه: آسيب بالقوهً ممکن است آسيب انسانی، صدمه به محيط، صدمه به اموال يا ترکيبی از اينها باشد. خطرات.

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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك

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(Hazard)

: .


.

. .


( ) ( ) .

.


(Risk)

.

(Risk Analysis)

.


(Risk Assessment)

(Risk Evaluation)

(Screening Criteria)

.


.


:

1- ( )

2- ( )

3- ( ) .

. . .


:

) 1: .


) 2: . . .

) 3: .


) 3: ()

. . .

. .


) 3: ()

. .

. . . .


) 3: ()

(1) .

/

/

(1)


) 3: ()

.

.

. .


1

2

3



Job JHA

Location Area analysis

Process HAZOP

Equipment FMEA

People HEART

Environment EIA,WSS

Methodology for Risk Management


  • .

  • :

  • .


()

  • .

  • .


HazId

/


/

. . .

.


. . . .


. .

.


.

. . .


. . .

.


. . .

.


Structural Review Techniques .

. HAZID PHA . QRA .


. FMEA FTA ETA QRA HAZOP .

JHA HAZOP . FTA .


(HAZID)

HAZID .

. .

.


.

. . HAZID .


. . .

2- )(


  • :

    • .

    • . . ( ) .


(PHA)

PHA . : ( ) () .

PHA 0PHA .


)(

  • :

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • ) .


)(

PHA .

. .

PHA FMEA HAZOP .


4- (JHA)

Job Hazard Analysis ( ) .

. .


:

  • : ( ) ( )

  • : . :


  • : . : ( 10 100 )

  • : : = = = = = =.

.


  • : . .

  • : . : ...


(FTA)

FTA .

.


( Fault Tree Analysis) H.R.Watson

1962 Bell .

.

David Haasl . .


FTA

.

( TOP Event) :

1-

2-

3-

4-


:

() .

.

. .


FTA . FMEA HAZOP .

HAZOP .

( (AND, OR . () () .


  • :

  • .

  • () .

  • .


.

.


. () . .


FTA

.

( )


FTA

.


(ETA)

.

ETA .

ETA . ( ) .

ETA .


.

. .


ETA . AND .

. .


ETA ( ) .

ETA . 2 4 . . ETA .


(HAZOP)

HAZOP . . .


.

HAZOP .

( ) ( ) ( ) .


. . .

HAZOP . .


HAZOP . HAZOP .

HAZOP . P&ID .


HAZOP .

. HAZOP .

HAZOP 5 7 . . 3 4 .


HAZOP

.

1- .

2-

3- .

4- .

5-

6- .


HAZOP

- HAZOP .

-

.

- .


HAZOP

- .

- :

HAZOP .

-

. FMEA HAZOP . .


.

.

.


.

.

. .


. :

.


.

.


FMEA . . FMEA .

FMEA . FMEA HAZOP .

(FMEA)


FMEA .

FMEA .

FMEA . FMEA .


FMEA .

.

(FMECA) FMEA ( ) .


((PEM

PEM ( ) . PEM QRA . .


:

(flash) .


.

. .


William fine


William fine :

  • ( ) :

  • R = P * C * E

(Exposure)

(Consequence)

(Probability)

(Risk)


  • :

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

  • . . :


( ).

ESD

.


.

. - .

:

.



HSE AlARP .

:

.


  • :

  • HSE .

  • HSE HSE .

  • HSE HSE .

  • HSE .


:

1- (Hazard) :

.

HSE :

) Health ( )

) Safety ( . . . )

) Enviromental aspect


(Incident) :

() .

Accident

Incident

Near - miss

(Accident) :

/ .


(Near-miss) :

.

(Idenfification Hazard) :

(Risk) :

() .

(Risk Assessment):

.


(Tolerable Risk) :

OH 8S .

(Enviromevtal Impact) :

.

(Enviromevtal Aspect ) :

.


(Interested Party) :

.

(Escalation) :

.

(Mitigation) :

.


(Barrier) :

. ( ) ( )


:

HSE .

. . . . .


HSE :

HSE .

ALARP(Aslowas reasonably) :

( ) .


:

1- :

:

1- : HSE .

2- : HSE . .


3- (JHA) : . ( )

. JHA .

(HAZOP) FMEA (WASTE STREAM SURVEY) .

4- : MAFRIA(SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) ) .


2- :

.

.

() .

.

.


:

.

. .


(WILLIAM FINE) :

A


(WILLIAM FINE) :

A


B /


C


  • : :


:

. :

A =

B = HSE

C =

C * B * A =


H M L . M L ( L) .


Be Safe , Healthy & Successful.


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