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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك. مفاهيم ارزيابی ريسک و خطر. خطر (Hazard ). منبع بالقوهً آسيب توجه: آسيب بالقوهً ممکن است آسيب انسانی، صدمه به محيط، صدمه به اموال يا ترکيبی از اينها باشد. خطرات.

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تكنيك ‌ ها و ابزارهاي ‌ شناسايي خطرات ‌ و ارزيابي ريسك

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(Hazard)

: .


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.

. .


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( ) ( ) .

.


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(Risk)

.

(Risk Analysis)

.


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(Risk Assessment)

(Risk Evaluation)

(Screening Criteria)

.


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.


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:

1- ( )

2- ( )

3- ( ) .

. . .


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:

) 1: .


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) 2: . . .

) 3: .


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) 3: ()

. . .

. .


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) 3: ()

. .

. . . .


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) 3: ()

(1) .

/

/

(1)


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) 3: ()

.

.

. .


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1

2

3


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Methodology for risk management

Job JHA

Location Area analysis

Process HAZOP

Equipment FMEA

People HEART

Environment EIA,WSS

Methodology for Risk Management


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  • .

  • :

  • .


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()

  • .

  • .


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HazId

/


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/

. . .

.


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. . . .


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. .

.


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.

. . .


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. . .

.


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. . .

.


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Structural Review Techniques .

. HAZID PHA . QRA .


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. FMEA FTA ETA QRA HAZOP .

JHA HAZOP . FTA .


Hazid

(HAZID)

HAZID .

. .

.


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.

. . HAZID .


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. . .

2- )(


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  • :

    • .

    • . . ( ) .


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(PHA)

PHA . : ( ) () .

PHA 0PHA .


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)(

  • :

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • ) .


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)(

PHA .

. .

PHA FMEA HAZOP .


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4- (JHA)

Job Hazard Analysis ( ) .

. .


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:

  • : ( ) ( )

  • : . :


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  • : . : ( 10 100 )

  • : : = = = = = =.

.


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  • : . .

  • : . : ...


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(FTA)

FTA .

.


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( Fault Tree Analysis) H.R.Watson

1962 Bell .

.

David Haasl . .


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FTA

.

( TOP Event) :

1-

2-

3-

4-


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:

() .

.

. .


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FTA . FMEA HAZOP .

HAZOP .

( (AND, OR . () () .


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  • :

  • .

  • () .

  • .


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.

.


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. () . .


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FTA

.

( )


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FTA

.


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(ETA)

.

ETA .

ETA . ( ) .

ETA .


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.

. .


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ETA . AND .

. .


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ETA ( ) .

ETA . 2 4 . . ETA .


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(HAZOP)

HAZOP . . .


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.

HAZOP .

( ) ( ) ( ) .


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. . .

HAZOP . .


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HAZOP . HAZOP .

HAZOP . P&ID .


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HAZOP .

. HAZOP .

HAZOP 5 7 . . 3 4 .


Hazop

HAZOP

.

1- .

2-

3- .

4- .

5-

6- .


Hazop1

HAZOP

- HAZOP .

-

.

- .


Hazop2

HAZOP

- .

- :

HAZOP .

-

. FMEA HAZOP . .


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.

.

.


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.

.

. .


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. :

.


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.

.


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FMEA . . FMEA .

FMEA . FMEA HAZOP .

(FMEA)


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FMEA .

FMEA .

FMEA . FMEA .


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FMEA .

.

(FMECA) FMEA ( ) .


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((PEM

PEM ( ) . PEM QRA . .


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:

(flash) .


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.

. .


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William fine


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William fine :

  • ( ) :

  • R = P * C * E

(Exposure)

(Consequence)

(Probability)

(Risk)


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  • :

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

    • )

  • . . :


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( ).

ESD

.


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.

. - .

:

.


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HSE AlARP .

:

.


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  • :

  • HSE .

  • HSE HSE .

  • HSE HSE .

  • HSE .


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:

1- (Hazard) :

.

HSE :

) Health ( )

) Safety ( . . . )

) Enviromental aspect


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(Incident) :

() .

Accident

Incident

Near - miss

(Accident) :

/ .


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(Near-miss) :

.

(Idenfification Hazard) :

(Risk) :

() .

(Risk Assessment):

.


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(Tolerable Risk) :

OH 8S .

(Enviromevtal Impact) :

.

(Enviromevtal Aspect ) :

.


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(Interested Party) :

.

(Escalation) :

.

(Mitigation) :

.


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(Barrier) :

. ( ) ( )


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:

HSE .

. . . . .


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HSE :

HSE .

ALARP(Aslowas reasonably) :

( ) .


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:

1- :

:

1- : HSE .

2- : HSE . .


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3- (JHA) : . ( )

. JHA .

(HAZOP) FMEA (WASTE STREAM SURVEY) .

4- : MAFRIA(SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) ) .


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2- :

.

.

() .

.

.


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:

.

. .


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(WILLIAM FINE) :

A


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(WILLIAM FINE) :

A


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B /


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C


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  • : :


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:

. :

A =

B = HSE

C =

C * B * A =


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H M L . M L ( L) .


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Be Safe , Healthy & Successful.


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