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Census A to Z. Joint Election Officials Liaison Committee January 7, 2010. The 2010 Census. Required by the U.S. Constitution Article 1, Section 2 Decennial Census every 10 years On April 1, 2010, the decennial census will count all residents living in the U.S.

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Census A to Z

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Census a to z l.jpg

Census A to Z

Joint Election Officials Liaison Committee

January 7, 2010


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The 2010 Census

  • Required by the U.S. Constitution

    • Article 1, Section 2

    • Decennial Census every 10 years

  • On April 1, 2010, the decennial census will count all residents living in the U.S.

  • Largest peacetime activity undertaken by the federal government


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2010 Census Data

  • Determines apportionment of the U.S. House of Representatives-

  • Used for congressional and legislative redistricting

  • Affects the allocation of more than $400 BILLION in federal funding per year to local, state and tribal governments

  • A is for… Apportionment


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Uses of Census Data

  • States also use the totals to redraw their legislative districts

  • County and city governments use census data to redraw the boundaries of local political subdivisions including voting districts.

  • Over $400 billion in funding for more than 140 Federal programs is distributed to states and communities annually based on the latest census count.


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Federal Programs that Rely on Census Data

  • Community Development Block Grants/Entitlement Grants

  • Workforce Development Programs

  • Rural Development Programs

  • Federal-Aid Highway Program

  • Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers

  • Title 1 Grants to Local School Districts

  • Head Start Program


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Census Jobs

  • The Census Bureau will create thousands of temporary jobs to carry out major census operations next spring.

  • Each Local Census Office has a manager and 5 assistant managers.

  • Job Fairs—(866) 861-2010

  • www.2010censusjobs.gov


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Testing sites

  • 28 multiple choice test

  • Veterans are given either a 5 point or 10 point preference

  • There is also a preference for bilingual applicants in certain areas.

  • Applicants will be selected based on their test scores by census tract.


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A Major Challenge

MUST COUNT EVERYONE…

  • Estimated 309 million people

  • Estimated 134 million households

    ...IN THE RIGHT PLACE!

  • 50 states & District of Columbia

  • Puerto Rico

  • Northern Mariana Islands

  • Guam

  • American Samoa

  • US Virgin Islands

8


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The Infrastructure – How We Get It Done

  • Headquarters

  • 12 Regional Census Centers

  • 494 Local Census Offices

    • 7 offices in Puerto Rico

  • Recruit 3.8 million applicants to hire 1.4 million temporary employees for all 2010 operations


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The 2010 Census Questionnaire

  • Short Form Only

  • 10 minutes to complete

  • Questions include:

    • Name

    • Gender

    • Age

    • Hispanic/Latino/Spanish Origin

    • Race

    • Relationship

    • Rent/Own


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What to Expect in 2010

Advance letter

Questionnaire

Reminder postcard

Some areas will receive abilingual English Spanish questionnaire.

If you forget to return your completed questionnaire,

you will receive a replacement questionnaire.

If you do not return the replacement questionnaire…

11


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…Then a Census Taker Arrives

If a household does not

mail back the questionnaire, then a census taker will come to the residence.

64% mail response in 2000.

12


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Ensuring the Confidentiality of Your Information

  • By law, the Census Bureau does not share personal information with ANYONE

  • Not even with other federal or law enforcement agencies

  • The Census Bureau strips all identifying information and publishes only summary data

  • C is for… Confidentiality

13


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What Can You Do to Help?

  • Form or participate in Complete Count Committees

  • Help Census Bureau staff identify areas that will be hardest to count

  • Strategize with us the most effective way to ensure everyone is counted in your community

  • Use communication tools at your disposal to let your community know about the 2010 Census

14


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Completing the 2010 Census Cycle

  • Census Day is April 1, 2010

  • Count everyone in less than 6 months

  • Deliver apportionment count to the President by December 31, 2010

  • Deliver Redistricting Data to the States by April 1, 2011

  • Complete release of all data products by Fall 2013


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http://2010.census.gov

17


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2010 Census Redistricting Data Program

  • Public Law 94-171

    • Mandates the provision of small area data required for legislative redistricting no later than 1 year following Census Day

    • Requires the Census Bureau to work with the states to identify those small areas

    • Examples: voting districts, census blocks

  • P is for… Public Law 94-171


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The Five Phases

  • Phase 1 – State Legislative District Project

  • Phase 2 – Voting District/Block Boundary Suggestion Project

  • Phase 3 – 2010 Census Data Delivery

  • Phase 4 – Collection of post-2010 Census Redistricting Plans

  • Phase 5 – Evaluation and Recommendations

  • See brochure


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Phase 1 – State Legislative District Project

  • 2005 – 2007

  • 100% participation

  • Collected state legislative district boundaries in effect during ’06 elections

  • Tabulated 2000 Census data to those boundaries

  • Released data on DVD and AFF in January 2007

  • Updates collected during Phase 2

  • Geographic areas will be used to tabulate 2010 Census data


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Phase 2 – Voting District/Block Boundary Suggestion Project

  • 2008 – 2010

  • Collecting voting district boundaries and tabulation block boundary suggestions

  • Geographic areas will be used to tabulate 2010 Census data


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Phase 3 – 2010 Census Data Delivery

  • Delivery of the P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data and Geographic Products

  • Geographic products delivered first, data products follow

  • No later than April 1, 2011

  • Data includes:

    • Race for the Total Population and Population 18 and Over

    • Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race for the Total Population and Population 18 and Over

    • Total Housing Units (occupied and vacant)


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P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data Prototype

  • Prototype of the P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data and Geographic Products released in April 2009

  • Geographic products preceded the data products

  • Prototype will allow states, vendors, DOJ to develop their redistricting data systems in advance of the official 2010 Census delivery

  • School districts, housing unit table

  • R is for… Redistricting Data


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Phase 4 - Collection of post-2010 Census Redistricting Plans

  • 2012-2013

  • Collection of newly drawn congressional and legislative district boundaries

  • Tabulation of 2010 Census data to those new districts

  • Release of data via DVD and AFF


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • Determination of Covered Areas

  • For Voting Rights Bilingual Election Materials

  • For State, County, County Subdivision, and American Indian Area/Alaska Native Area/Hawaiian Home Land (AIA/ANA/HHL):


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • Total Population

  • Total Population for Minority Groups:

  • Spanish/Hispanic/Latino

  • AIAN (American Indian/Alaskan Native)

  • AIAN tribal group (examples include Cherokee, Iroquois, Sioux)

  • Asian

  • Asian group (examples include Chinese, Filipino,Japanese)

  • Minority group data come from questions #5 & 6 on the American Community Survey.


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • Total Voting Age Population

  •  Total Voting Age Citizens

  •  For each Minority Group:

  • Total Voting Age Citizens who are Limited-English Proficient

  • Data on voting age comes from Question # 4 on the American Community Survey Questionnaire. Data on citizenship comes from Question #8. Data on limited-English proficiency comes from Question #11c.


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • For each Minority Group:

  • Total Voting Age Citizens who are Limited-English Proficient

  • Data on voting age comes from Question # 8 on the 2000 American Community Survey questionnaire. Data on citizenship comes from Question #13. Data on limited-English proficiency comes from Question #14c.


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • For each Minority Group:

  • Total Voting Age Population that is Limited-English Proficient

  • Data on voting age comes from Question # 4 on the 2000 Census Long Form Questionnaire. Data on limited-English proficiency comes from Question #14c


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • For each Minority Group:

  • Total Voting Age Citizens who have Less than a 5th grade Education

  • Total Voting Age Citizens who are Limited-English Proficient and have Less Than a 5th grade Education

  • Data on voting age comes from Question #4. Citizenship from question #8 and limited-English proficiency from #14c. Data on educational attainment #11.

  • +


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • If more than 5% of voting age citizens are limited-English proficient,

  • OR

  • If more than 10,000 voting age citizens are limited-English proficient,

  • AND

  • The rate of total voting age citizens that are limited-English proficient and have less than a 5th grade education is higher than the national rate of 1.35,


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • THEN:

  • The state, county, or county subdivision under consideration is covered for that specific minority group of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act.

  • Note: If it is determined that an AIA/ANA/HHL meets the above criteria, than any political subdivision that contains that AIA/ANA/HHL is covered.


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Section 203 Voting Rights Determinations

  • Reauthorization in 2006 requires the Census Bureau to provide determinations at least twice during the decade.

  • Next revision, using the American Community Survey will come out in 2012.


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Phase 5 – Evaluation and Recommendations for 2020 Census

  • The “View From the States” will appear in a final publication and will be used to formulate the 2020 Census Redistricting Data Program

  • See publication


For more information on the redistricting data program www census gov rdo l.jpg

For More Informationon the Redistricting Data Programwww.census.gov/rdo


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What Happened to the Long Form?

  • It’s now theAmerican CommunitySurvey (ACS) collecting information from three million households and group quarters every year.

  • ACS data can be accessed now via American

  • FactFinder atwww.census.gov

36


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Questions?

  • Cathy McCully, Chief

  • Census Redistricting Data Office

  • 301-763-4039


  • Login