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Sam’s Puppy. Body cell reproduction involves producing new daughter cells for growth of tissues as well as repair and replacement of old cells.

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Sam s puppy
Sam’s Puppy

  • Body cell reproduction involves producing new daughter cells for growth of tissues as well as repair and replacement of old cells.

  • Most living body cells eventually divide into two cells through a process called mitosis. This can happen because food and nutrients are broken down and become building blocks for new living materials like the new cells produced during cell division.


Lt 5 i can describe how cells multiply

LT #5 I can Describe howcells multiply.


Why do cells divide
Why do cells divide?

  • Weeds can grow pretty fast. In fact, the stems and roots of a fast-growing plant seem to get longer over night. Where do the new stem and root parts come from?

    • They are made when existing cells divide to form new cells. This process is called cell division.


Why do cells divide1
Why do cells divide?

  • Eventually cells need to duplicate. There are two types of cell division, mitosis (growth) and meiosis (reproduction).

  • Mitosis allows organisms to grow larger, and also helps organisms replace injured cells. GROWTH!


Mitosis
Mitosis

  • The big idea to remember is that mitosis is the simple duplication of a cell and all of its parts.

  • It duplicates its DNA and the two new cells (daughter cells: cells resulting from the replication and division of a single parent cell) have the same pieces and genetic code.


Two identical copies come from one original start with one get two that are the same get the idea
Two identical copies come from one original. Start with one; get two that are the same. Get the idea?


Mitosis1
Mitosis get two that are the same.

  • Before a eukaryotic cell (a cell with an organized nucleus) divides, the genetic material in the nucleus of the cell copies itself.

  • When the cell divides, the nuclear material splits in half so that each daughter cellgets genetic material that is the same as that of the parent cell.


Mitosis2
Mitosis get two that are the same.

  • The dividing of the nuclear material is known as mitosis.

  • In the last stage of cell division, the cytoplasm divides as well.

  • There are now two complete cells where there used to be one.


Science alert
Science Alert! get two that are the same.

  • The terms mitosis and cell division are sometimes used interchangeably.

  • BUT…mitosis really refers only to the dividing of the nuclear material.

  • While…cell divisionis the complete process of copying and dividing the whole cell.


Cell division phases
Cell Division Phases get two that are the same.

  • Beyond the idea that two identical cells are created, there are predictable stages or phases in the cell division process.

  • These steps ensure that the new daughter cells are the same as the cell from which they formed.


Cell division
Cell Division get two that are the same.

  • There are 5 basic phases in the life-cycle of a cell.

    • Interphase

    • Prophase

    • Metaphase

    • Anaphase

    • Telophase


Cell division1
Cell Division get two that are the same.

  • The following mnemonic devices can help you remember the phases of cell division.

    • I prefer milk and tea.

    • I propose meeting at ten.

    • In Poland men are tall.

  • CAN YOU COME UP WITH YOUR OWN mnemonic device?


  • Cell division mitosis
    Cell Division/Mitosis get two that are the same.

    • Interphase

      • The stage before cell division starts.

      • As a cell prepares to divide, each chromosome in the nucleus makes an exact copy of itself.

      • Chromosomes: a structure made of DNA that contains the genetic info used to direct cell activity and make new cells


    Cell division mitosis1
    Cell Division/Mitosis get two that are the same.

    • Prophase

      • The nucleus prepares for cell division.

      • The genetic material shortens and thickens.

      • The chromosome copies are held together at their centers, so they form a sort of “X.”


    Cell division mitosis2
    Cell Division/Mitosis get two that are the same.

    • Metaphase

      • The two copies of each chromosome line up in the center of the cell.


    Cell division mitosis3
    Cell Division/Mitosis get two that are the same.

    • Anaphase

      • The copies separate.

      • One complete set of chromosomes is pulled to one side of the cell.

      • The other complete set is pulled to the other side of the cell.


    Cell division2
    Cell Division get two that are the same.

    • Telophase

      • Final stage of cell division

      • The cytoplasm pinches in at the center of the cell, dividing the cell in half.

      • When cell division is complete, two new daughter cells are formed.

      • The daughter cells are identical to the parent cell.


    Two identical copies come from one original start with one get two that are the same get the idea1
    Two identical copies come from one original. Start with one; get two that are the same. Get the idea?


    Mitosis rap time
    Mitosis Rap Time! get two that are the same.


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