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The American Experiment: Higher Educating the Underserved First International Australasian Conference on Enabling Access to Higher Education University of South Australia West Campus Adelaide, Australia December 6, 2011 Tom Mortenson Senior Scholar,

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Presentation Transcript
intro
The American Experiment:

Higher Educating the Underserved

First International Australasian Conference on

Enabling Access to Higher Education

University of South Australia West Campus

Adelaide, Australia

December 6, 2011

Tom Mortenson

Senior Scholar,

The Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education

Higher Education Policy Analyst,

Postsecondary Education OPPORTUNITY

Intro
slide2

Realities of Public Policy

  • Progressive and Regressive Policy Eras
  • Opportunity Consequences of Policy Shift
slide3

Four Realities for Public Policy

Demographic Change

Labor Market Change

Globalization

Inequality

slide33

Policy Eras in the United States

  • 1862 to 1980: The Progressive Policy Era:
  • Morrill Land Grant Act created state universities
  • Teachers colleges for universal K-12 education
  • Community colleges
  • Need-based financial aid for students
  • GI Bill for returning World War II military veterans
  • Supportive services for students
  • 1980 to Present: The Regressive Policy Era:
  • Federal shift from grants to loans, abandon needs-test
  • State reduction in higher education investment efforts
  • State shift from need-based grants to merit scholarships
  • Universities and colleges lust for prestige and revenue
slide34

Policy Eras in the United States

  • 1862 to 1980: The Progressive Policy Era:
  • Morrill Land Grant Act created state universities
  • Teachers colleges for universal K-12 education
  • Community colleges
  • Need-based financial aid for students
  • GI Bill for returning World War II military veterans
  • Supportive services for students
  • 1980 to Present: The Regressive Policy Era:
  • Federal shift from grants to loans, abandon needs-test
  • State reduction in higher education investment efforts
  • State shift from need-based grants to merit scholarships
  • Universities and colleges lust for prestige and revenue
slide56

Opportunity Consequences of Policy Shift

  • Redistribution of college enrollments
  • Stagnation in college participation rates
  • Growth in bachelor’s degree attainment mainly in the
  • inherited privilege classes
  • Growing gaps in educational attainment between shrinking
  • majority and growing minority populations
  • Growing income inequality—higher education is an “engine
  • of division”
final
Final

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