Austria – Completing the 380-kV-Ring
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Austria – Completing the 380-kV-Ring Authorization Procedures and Major Problems Gerhard Christiner Head of Asset Management. Austria in the Centre of the UCTE Network. missing 380 kV lines. Severe North-to-South Bottlenecks in APG´s Grid. …. bottlenecks at. !. !. !. !. !.

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Austria in the centre of the ucte network

Austria – Completing the 380-kV-Ring Authorization Procedures and Major ProblemsGerhard ChristinerHead of Asset Management


Austria in the centre of the ucte network

Austria in the Centre of the UCTE Network

missing 380 kV lines

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Severe north to south bottlenecks in apg s grid

Severe North-to-South Bottlenecks in APG´s Grid

bottlenecks at

!

!

!

!

!

220-kV-transmission lines

Additional capacity necessary

> 800 MW

Grid-capacity

max. 1200 MW

Insufficient grid-capacity – expensive congestion measures necessary

CZ

Slavetice

Sokolnice

Presently secure North

Surplus of more than 2000 MW

-

Bisam

-

Pleinting

SK

berg

Aschach

Pirach

Altheim

D

ü

rnrohr

Simbach

380 kV

380 kV isoliert

Kledering

Wallsee

Etzersdorf

220 kV betrieben

St. Peter

Sattledt

WIEN

WIEN

220 kV

Ybbsfeld

S

S

Ü

Ü

DOST

DOST

Hausruck

Gy

ö

r

ERNSTHOFEN

Gy

ö

r

Neusiedl

D

Klaus

Salzach

Memmingen

Leupolz

Obermooweiler

Pyhrn

Ternitz

Ternitz

Wei

ß

enbach

H

Hessenberg

TAUERN

Zell am

S

ü

dburgenland

Ziller

Meiningen

Kaprun

Westtirol

Hauptstufe

B

ü

rs

CH

Kainachtal

Endangered South

Deficit up to 2000 MW

OBER

-

Pradella

SIELACH

Lienz

I

Maribor

Soverzene

SLO

Podlog

5

5

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40

50

50

km

km

5

5

0

0

10

10

20

20

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30

40

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km

km

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Two major projects in authorization phase

Two Major Projects in Authorization Phase

  • Benefits:

  • Considerable increase of security of supply

  • No further congestion management necessary

  • Market based operation of power plants without any restrictions

  • Possible increase of inter-regional trade

  • Unrestricted interaction between wind power in the north and pump storage plants in the south of Austria

CZ

CZ

Slavetice

Slavetice

Sokolnice

380 kV Salzburgleitung

Bisam-

Pleinting

SK

berg

Aschach

Pirach

Altheim

Dürnrohr

Dürnrohr

Simbach

Kledering

Wallsee

Etzersdorf

St. Peter

Sarasdorf

Satlet

WIEN

Ybbsfeld

SÜDOST

Hausruck

Hausruck

Györ

ERNSTHOFEN

Györ

D

Neusiedl

Salzach-Neu

Klaus

Salzach

Memmingen

Leupolz

Obermooweiler

Pyhrn

Ternitz

Weißenbach

H

Pongau

Hessenberg

TAUERN

Zell am

Zell am

Südburgenland

Ziller

Meiningen

380 kV Steiermarkleitung

Westtirol

Kaprun

Hauptstufe

Bürs

Oststeiermark

CH

CH

Kainachtal

OBER-

Pradella

Lienz

Lienz

SIELACH

I

I

Maribor

Maribor

Soverzene

SLO

Podlog

5

5

0

0

10

10

20

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30

30

40

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50

50

km

km

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Steiermarkleitung a never ending story

Steiermarkleitung – a never ending Story ??

  • 380kV double circuit line 2 x 1500 MVA

    • in sections multiple line + 1 x 110 kV, dismantling of existing OH-lines

  • Routeing of the line

  • Waste management

  • Traffic

  • Audible noise

  • Safety aspects and disturbances

  • Electromagnetic fields

  • Air and climate

  • Soil and agriculture

  • Effects on health

  • Geology, hydrogeology und water

  • Biotopes and ecological systems

  • Forestry

  • Urban and Rural planning

  • Description of the project

  • Technical alternative

  • Need for the line (incl. „no project“)

  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for Overhead Lines is compulsory when exceeding 15 km route length and starting from 220 kV

  • Enormous efforts for the procedure

  • high costs (till now app.40% of the whole project)

A.)Application

B.)Technical description and plans

C.)Environmental Impact Declaration (EID)

Synopsis

Contributions

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Official time schedule for authorization is exceeded

As per the Austrian Environmental Impact Ordinance – app. 18 months

Official Time Schedule for Authorization is Exceeded

Supreme Court

(up to years)

1st instance

(10 months)

2nd instance

(7,5 months)

  • Current example: Steiermarkleitung – till now 38 months

2nd instance

(22 months till now)

Supreme Court

(up to years)

Conception phase

( 3-4 years)

1st instance

(16 months)

3 years

Start EIA

1 year

2 years

February 2007

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Opposition from local population refusal of land owners

Opposition from Local Population – Refusal of Land Owners

Strong regional thinking

Local power generation by renewable energy is demanded instead of additional 380 kV transmission lines

No acceptance of inter-regional energy trade

The public is not keen on the liberalized market – does not see any benefits

“Market” is strongly related to “Transit”

Market is only seen as profit for producers, traders and grid operators

Negative association “market  transit  transmission line”

Opponents and land owners fear import or transit of nuclear energy

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Objections to electromagnetic fields emf

Objections to Electromagnetic Fields (EMF)

WHO, ICNIRP recommends 100 µT as an exposure limit

In Austria no binding values exist – As a result of EIA APG is forced to keep 1µT for sensitive areas

Postulation of extremely low values for magnetic field – 0.05 µT by “so-called experts” who take the authorisation procedure as their personal stage

0.1 µT: 500 m

1 µT: 140 m

10 µT: 30 m

0,1µT

1µT

10 µT

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Legislation and authorization process

Legislation and Authorization Process

Austrian legislation very often overshoots the European legislative

The Austrian Environmental Impact Ordinance requires an “Environmental Impact Expertise (EIE)”, which covers all areas of protective goods

The preparation is enormously time consuming and causes a massive delay !

There is no appropriate evaluation of values betweenenvironmental issuesand thepublic interestfor security of supply

New expertises can be presented at any time from all parties - leads to an endless “ping pong“ between experts

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Legislation and authorization process cont

Authorities are not suitably prepared for a project of 100 km with 1.500 concerned parties

Insufficient manpower

Staff working in parallel on different EIA projects

European thinking is very often hampered by national restrictive measures - “National and regional Screening Layer”

Insufficient support from politicians for transmission line projects

Duration of authorization does not follow the schedule set by law

Legislation and Authorization Process cont.

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Ten projects

TEN Projects

TEN-E Guidelines – as they are at the moment - do not really speed up the projects.

There is no legal foundation in Austria to favor TEN projects.

They put no pressure on either national politics or concerned land owners.

EC demands for investments

National bodies are slow to react

Regional bodies often react even more reluctantly or do not support it if they are not in favor of the project

TSO has to act between the parties

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


Improvements to speed up projects

Mandatory support from national and regional political bodies for projects of European importance (TEN-projects)

Appropriate evaluation of values betweenenvironmental issuesand thepublic interestwithin the EIA

Establishment of corridors for infrastructure facilities (electricity, gas, oil, highways, etc) will ease the situation – (Coordinated planning)

Harmonization between the EU-legislation and the national legislation – no overshooting through national laws

European wide standards on EMF to define exposure limits

Improvements to Speed up Projects

Verbund – Austrian Power Grid AG


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