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Orientations to Teaching and Learning . Janis Braue. New Survivor Show. Greatest Challenges Facing Special Educators Today. Special Education Today. The number of special education students who spend the majority of their day in general education classes is increasing every year.

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special education today
Special Education Today
  • The number of special education students who spend the majority of their day in general education classes is increasing every year.
  • Some of these classes have the support of a consultant or a special education teacher.
special education today1
Special Education Today
  • 15%-25% of all students have a learning or behavior problem.
  • Specific Learning Disabilities continues to be the most prevalent disability.
  • SLD is 5 times more prevalent that Emotional Disturbance.
special education today2
Special Education Today
  • Students with Autism increased from 10,000 in 1992 to 65,000 in 2001.
  • 1 out of every 110 births
  • 1 out of every 70 males
  • 57% increase from 2002 to 2006
  • 600% increase in 20 years
theories
Theories
  • Better evaluations
  • Increasing environmental risks
  • Misidentification/have not been taught
  • Children living in poverty
  • Medical science keeps children alive
types of disabilities
Types of Disabilities
  • 11% of all students between the ages of 6-13 have a disability.
  • 75% SLD or SLI
  • 9% MR
  • 6% ED
  • 5% OHI
  • Other disabilities <2%
student problems
Student Problems
  • Academics
  • Attention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Memory
  • Language
  • Aggression
  • Withdrawn behavior
  • Bizarre behavior
questions to consider
Questions to Consider
  • Length of time?
  • How severe?
  • Is progress being made?
  • Motivation?
  • Instruction?
  • Relationship with teacher?
response to intervention
Response to Intervention
  • Multi-tiered interventions
  • Data collection system
  • Ongoing progress monitoring
  • Preventative approach to special education
  • Early intervention
special education
Special Education
  • Specialized instruction
  • Related services
  • Assistive technology
  • Student goals
  • Research-based methods
  • Program is driven by student performance
slide13
IDEA
  • IDEA ‘97 mandated greater access to the general curriculum for students with special needs.
  • IDEA ‘04 emphasized academic performance goals and accountability consistent with the standards for non-disabled peers.
learning environments
Learning Environments
  • Mainstreaming - placing students with disabilities part-time in the regular classroom
  • Inclusion- placing students with disabilities full-time in the regular classroom
slide15
Do special education students receive the academic and behavioral support that they require in a regular classroom?
instructional cycle
Instructional Cycle
  • Set instructional goals
  • Plan instruction
  • Instruct, evaluate, modify instruction based on evaluation
assessment
Assessment
  • Formal
  • Informal
  • Reading inventories
  • Observations
  • Work Samples
graphs charts records
Graphs, Charts & Records
  • Graphs & Charts used to measure progress on one behavior or skill (Figures 1.4 & 1.5)
  • Performance Records measure a set of skills for a long length of time (Figure 1.7)
  • Process Records: Portfolios, Learning Logs, & Dialogue Journals measure performance over time (Figure 1.8)
design instruction
Design Instruction
  • Use assessment data
  • Group students
  • Set instructional targets
  • Prepare a schedule
  • Set up a system
  • Identify students who need more help
scaffolding
Scaffolding
  • Apply the Concept 1.2 p. 23
  • Teach new information in small steps
  • Use systematic instruction
  • Practice until the student can complete the activity independently.
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