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Japan. The Shogun Era. Before the Shoguns. after 1100, the centralized government fell apart people started forming military groups to gain control of land The leaders of each land called themselves Daiymo. Gekokujo 1480 to 1600 (bottom overthrowing the top).

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Japan
Japan

  • The Shogun Era


Before the shoguns
Before the Shoguns

  • after 1100, the centralized government fell apart

  • people started forming military groups to gain control of land

  • The leaders of each land called themselves Daiymo


Gekokujo 1480 to 1600 bottom overthrowing the top
Gekokujo 1480 to 1600(bottom overthrowing the top)

  • Japan had no true central government

  • There were a lot of peasant uprisings

  • There was a lot of fighting between the Daimyos

  • Major cities, like Kyoto, were destroyed by war.


Reuniting japan
Reuniting Japan

  • 3 men are given credit for reuniting Japan:

    • Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)

    • Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598)

    • Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542-1616)

  • "The reunification is a rice cake. Oda made it. Hideyoshi shaped it. At last, only Ieyasutastes it."


Oda nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga

  • Beat out all of the other daiymos for control of Japan

  • was kind to foreigners and welcomed western trade

  • Built up military through castles and western firearms

  • Encouraged trade by stopping monopolies, giving tax exemptions, and building roads

  • Encouraged the arts (Kubuki, tea houses)


Toyotomi hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi

  • He avenged Noba’s death and replaced him.

  • Is known for being the greatest military leader in Japanese history

  • He rose up from peasantry


Tokugawa ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu

  • won the power struggle after Hideyoshi’s death

  • credited for uniting Japan in 1600

  • made Edo the capital city (now Tokyo)

  • began the time period of Tokugawa Japan (1600-1868)


Tokugawa japan
Tokugawa Japan

  • 250 years of peace and prosperity

  • saw a rise in the arts and commerce

  • people lived is a hierarchy of classes

  • saw a rise of Confucianism


Social order
Social Order

  • 4 classes (from top to bottom):

    • Samurai: warriors for the shogun

    • Peasant: workers and farmers

    • Artisan: craftsmen

    • Merchant: traded crafts for money and rice

  • Outsiders were called “eta” and they were people whose jobs dealt with death (i.e. tanning hides)


Samurai rules
Samurai Rules

  • Samurais had a code of honor called Bushido.

  • They were supposed to be honorable, frugal, and valiant.

  • Seppucku: ritual suicide for a failed samurai


Tokaido road
Tokaido Road

  • The major road connecting Kyoto and Edo

  • Became popular for merchants and traders

  • Led to the rise of the merchant class


The arts
The Arts

  • Kibuki: the type of theater including bright costumes and makeup

  • Bunraku: Japanese puppet shows

  • Haiku: the poem style created in Japan


Closure of japan
Closure of Japan

  • In 1614, Ieyasu issued a edict banning Christianity

  • In 1630, the shogunate issued a policy of national isolation

  • The Dutch were the only Europeans allowed in Japan

  • The Japanese were not allowed to leave


Journal
Journal

  • Write a Haiku about one of the leaders we discussed today (Oda, Toyotomi, or Ieyasu)

  • A Haiku has 3 lines:

    • first line has 5 syllables

    • second line has 7 syllables

    • third line has 5 syllables

  • Sample Haiku: The Rose by: Donna Brock

    • The/ red / blos/som bends/ (5 syllables)

    • and/ drips/ its/ dew/ to/ the/ ground / (7 syllables)

  • Like/ a/ tear/ it/ falls/ (5 syllables)


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