Science fiction and fantasy
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Science Fiction and Fantasy. An overview. A genre of fiction in which the stories often tell about science and technology of the future. Has a relationship with the principles of science-involve partially true-partially fictitious laws or theories of science. .

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Science Fiction and Fantasy

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Science fiction and fantasy

Science Fiction and Fantasy

An overview


Definitions of science fiction

  • Agenre of fiction in which the stories often tell about science and technology of the future.

  • Has a relationship with the principles of science-involve partially true-partially fictitious laws or theories of science.

Definitions of Science Fiction


Definitions of science fiction1

  • Should not be completely unbelievable, because it then ventures into the genre fantasy.

  • Often set in the future, in space, on a different world, or in a different universe or dimension.

    From: http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesson927/SciFiDefinition.pdf

Definitions of Science Fiction


Famous authors

  • Pioneers

    • H.G. Wells (War of the Worlds)

    • Jules Verne (20,000 Leagues Under the Sea)

  • 20th Century

    • Isaac Asimov (Foundation trilogy)

    • Ray Bradbury (Martian Chronicles)

    • Arthur C. Clarke (2001, A Space Odyssey)

    • Robert Heinlein (Stranger in a Strange Land)

Famous Authors


Author definitions

Modern science fiction is the only form of literature that consistently considers the nature of the changes that face us, the possible consequences, and the possible solutions.

That branch of literature which is concerned with the impact of scientific advance upon human beings.

  • -- Isaac Asimov, 1952

Author definitions


Author definitions1

Science fiction is really sociological studies of the future, things that the writer believes are going to happen by putting two and two together.

--Ray Bradbury

Author Definitions


Classic science fiction

2001: A Space Odyssey

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ok32VyEQYYc

Classic Science Fiction


Space opera

  • Emphasizes romantic, often melodramatic adventure, set mainly or entirely in outer space, usually involving conflict between opponents possessing advanced technologies and abilities

    From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_opera

Space Opera


Examples of space opera

  • Star Trek

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dLseLSMlzsk

  • Star Wars

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gvqpFbRKtQ

Examples of Space Opera


Hard science fiction

  • Usually written by writers with a strong science background, frequently research scientists, who provide meticulously detailed future science in their work, consistent with the most current research.

  • Example author: Arthur C. Clarke

Hard Science Fiction


Military science fiction

  • Basically, the armed forces in space

  • Examples:

    • Starship Troopers, BattlestarGalactica, Halo

Military Science Fiction


Cyberpunk

  • Fiction dominated by the feeling that man is dwarfed by machine in a technological world.

Cyberpunk


Cyberpunk1

  • "Cyber" pertains to information systems, like those in a computer. "Punk" refers to fractious youth. Together the two elements suggest an artificial human with torn clothes and spiky hair The term cyberpunk comes from the title of a short story by Bruce Bethke "Cyberpunk" (1983)

Cyberpunk


Subgenres cyberpunk

  • Godfathers of cyberpunk include Philip K. Dick and William S. Burroughs.

  • The first cyberpunk novel is generally considered to be William Gibson's Neuromancer (1984), winner of both the Hugo and the Nebula.

    Other Key Works:

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K. Dick, basis for film Blade Runner

  • "Johnny Mnemonic" by William Gibson

    From: http://www.nvcc.edu/home/ataormina/beyond/subjects/sfsubgenres/cyberpunk.html

Subgenres-Cyberpunk


Cyberpunk2

The Matrix Trilogy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r1GrMAqwWcI

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGZiLMGdCE0

Cyberpunk


Comic science fiction

  • A sub-genre of science fiction that exploits the genre's conventions for comic effect.

  • Often mocks or satirizes standard SF conventions like alien invasion of earth, interstellar travel, or futuristic technology.

    From: http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Comic_science_fiction.html

Comic Science Fiction


Comic science fiction1

  • Examples:

    • Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams

    • Men in Black Trilogy

    • Spaceballs

    • Mystery Science Theater 3000

Comic Science Fiction


Comic science fiction2

Mystery Science Theater 3000

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r31eE77b-9U

Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MbGNcoB2Y4I

Comic Science Fiction


Steampunk

  • Merges the science fiction genre with alternate history and the design aesthetic of the 19th and early 20th Centuries.

  • Introduction of modern (or futuristic) concepts and technologies into an earlier setting, or vice versa. It focuses largely on ‘the age of steam’ and the perceived inventiveness of industrial engineers.

Steampunk


Steampunk1

  • In a steampunk timeline, for example, computers may have been invented several centuries earlier and used alongside, or even powered by, steam engines.

    From: http://www.scifilists.com/science-fiction-subgenre/

Steampunk


Examples of steampunk

Steampunk Guy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlPMZyZf0JM

Examples of Steampunk


Time travel

  • Popularized by H.G. Wells with The Time Machine (1888). Characters travel to the past or future, or are visited by travelers from either end of the spectrum.

  • Topics range from "Let's go see what the Parthenon looked like," to issues of paradox (what if you traveled to the past and killed your own grandfather?) and "tampering" (could stepping on a butterfly in the Paleolithic profoundly alter the entire future?).

  • A variant of this subgenre is the "alternate universes" theme, in which each change in the timestream spins off a new universe.

Time Travel


Examples of time travel

  • The Time Machine

  • Back to the Future trilogy

  • Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure

  • Dr. Who

Examples of Time Travel


Examples of time travel1

Big Bang Theory-the boys buy a time machine

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5OHtb3lg5C8

    Dr. Who

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3uRjNhLSHlM

Examples of Time Travel


Robots example

  • I, Robot (Isaac Asimov)

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (Phillip Dick)

Robots Example


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