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Science Fiction and Fantasy. An overview. A genre of fiction in which the stories often tell about science and technology of the future. Has a relationship with the principles of science-involve partially true-partially fictitious laws or theories of science. .

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Science Fiction and Fantasy

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Science fiction and fantasy

Science Fiction and Fantasy

An overview

Definitions of science fiction

  • Agenre of fiction in which the stories often tell about science and technology of the future.

  • Has a relationship with the principles of science-involve partially true-partially fictitious laws or theories of science.

Definitions of Science Fiction

Definitions of science fiction1

  • Should not be completely unbelievable, because it then ventures into the genre fantasy.

  • Often set in the future, in space, on a different world, or in a different universe or dimension.


Definitions of Science Fiction

Famous authors

  • Pioneers

    • H.G. Wells (War of the Worlds)

    • Jules Verne (20,000 Leagues Under the Sea)

  • 20th Century

    • Isaac Asimov (Foundation trilogy)

    • Ray Bradbury (Martian Chronicles)

    • Arthur C. Clarke (2001, A Space Odyssey)

    • Robert Heinlein (Stranger in a Strange Land)

Famous Authors

Author definitions

Modern science fiction is the only form of literature that consistently considers the nature of the changes that face us, the possible consequences, and the possible solutions.

That branch of literature which is concerned with the impact of scientific advance upon human beings.

  • -- Isaac Asimov, 1952

Author definitions

Author definitions1

Science fiction is really sociological studies of the future, things that the writer believes are going to happen by putting two and two together.

--Ray Bradbury

Author Definitions

Classic science fiction

2001: A Space Odyssey

Classic Science Fiction

Space opera

  • Emphasizes romantic, often melodramatic adventure, set mainly or entirely in outer space, usually involving conflict between opponents possessing advanced technologies and abilities


Space Opera

Examples of space opera

  • Star Trek

  • Star Wars

Examples of Space Opera

Hard science fiction

  • Usually written by writers with a strong science background, frequently research scientists, who provide meticulously detailed future science in their work, consistent with the most current research.

  • Example author: Arthur C. Clarke

Hard Science Fiction

Military science fiction

  • Basically, the armed forces in space

  • Examples:

    • Starship Troopers, BattlestarGalactica, Halo

Military Science Fiction


  • Fiction dominated by the feeling that man is dwarfed by machine in a technological world.



  • "Cyber" pertains to information systems, like those in a computer. "Punk" refers to fractious youth. Together the two elements suggest an artificial human with torn clothes and spiky hair The term cyberpunk comes from the title of a short story by Bruce Bethke "Cyberpunk" (1983)


Subgenres cyberpunk

  • Godfathers of cyberpunk include Philip K. Dick and William S. Burroughs.

  • The first cyberpunk novel is generally considered to be William Gibson's Neuromancer (1984), winner of both the Hugo and the Nebula.

    Other Key Works:

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep by Philip K. Dick, basis for film Blade Runner

  • "Johnny Mnemonic" by William Gibson




The Matrix Trilogy


Comic science fiction

  • A sub-genre of science fiction that exploits the genre's conventions for comic effect.

  • Often mocks or satirizes standard SF conventions like alien invasion of earth, interstellar travel, or futuristic technology.


Comic Science Fiction

Comic science fiction1

  • Examples:

    • Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams

    • Men in Black Trilogy

    • Spaceballs

    • Mystery Science Theater 3000

Comic Science Fiction

Comic science fiction2

Mystery Science Theater 3000

Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy

Comic Science Fiction


  • Merges the science fiction genre with alternate history and the design aesthetic of the 19th and early 20th Centuries.

  • Introduction of modern (or futuristic) concepts and technologies into an earlier setting, or vice versa. It focuses largely on ‘the age of steam’ and the perceived inventiveness of industrial engineers.



  • In a steampunk timeline, for example, computers may have been invented several centuries earlier and used alongside, or even powered by, steam engines.



Examples of steampunk

Steampunk Guy

Examples of Steampunk

Time travel

  • Popularized by H.G. Wells with The Time Machine (1888). Characters travel to the past or future, or are visited by travelers from either end of the spectrum.

  • Topics range from "Let's go see what the Parthenon looked like," to issues of paradox (what if you traveled to the past and killed your own grandfather?) and "tampering" (could stepping on a butterfly in the Paleolithic profoundly alter the entire future?).

  • A variant of this subgenre is the "alternate universes" theme, in which each change in the timestream spins off a new universe.

Time Travel

Examples of time travel

  • The Time Machine

  • Back to the Future trilogy

  • Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure

  • Dr. Who

Examples of Time Travel

Examples of time travel1

Big Bang Theory-the boys buy a time machine


    Dr. Who

Examples of Time Travel

Robots example

  • I, Robot (Isaac Asimov)

  • Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (Phillip Dick)

Robots Example

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