Presentation Outline. II. Political Institutions The Parallel Structure The Executive Branch The Legislative Branch The Judicial Branch Village elections Communist Party Factions. II. a)Parallel Structure.
II. Political Institutions
China is a one-party state. The Chinese Communist Party influences the government, not the other way around. There is a great deal of overlap between the Party and Government positions.
since 1982 in accordance with the Constitution
1993-2003 2003-2013 2013-?
Current Premier WenJiabao
How does the Chinese Premier differ from the British Prime Minister?
1949-1976 1976-1981 1982-1987 1987-1989 1989-2002 2002-present
* HuYaobang and Zhao Ziyang were never paramount leaders as they did not control the Central Military Affairs Commission
Do you think the head of state should also be commander in chief of the armed forces?Succession Crisis
Rule of Law:
No one is above the law. Those who follow as well as those who govern must obey and respect the law.
Signs of emerging rule of law:
1979 Legal Code
Civil and Criminal appeals procedures
Growing legal profession
Obstacles to rule of law:
prevalence of guanxi and corruption
Influence of the Communist Party
Inability or unwillingness to enforce laws (intellectual property)
Rule by Law:
Leaders govern according to laws, at least superficially. The laws may serve those in power to the detriment of those without power.