外科学绪论 Introduction of Surgery. 一、现代外科学的发展 Development of Modern Surgery. 解剖学 Anatomy. John Hunter (1728-1793), the father of experimental surgery and a superb anatomist and teacher. 麻醉 Anesthesia.
外科学绪论Introduction of Surgery
John Hunter (1728-1793), the father of experimental surgery and a superb anatomist and teacher.
Willam t.G. Morton (1819-1868), a Boston dentist whose successful demonstration of ether anesthesia on October 16, 1846, at the Massachusetts Gneeral Hospital was a landmark in the history of surgery
Joseph Lister (1827-1912), the originator of antiseptic surgery
3. 抗菌术 Antisepsis
Richard Lewisohn (1875-1961), a surgeon at the Mount Sinai Hospital, introduced the modern technique of blood transfusion, developed from his discovery of a method of preventing coagulation of the blood outside the body.
Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943), one of the first scientists to study the physical processes of immunity. He is best known for his identification and characterization of the human blood groups, A, B, and O.
Innovators & Pioneers in Surgery
Theodor Kocher (1841-1917), professor of surgery at the University of Berne and pioneer in the development of surgery of the thyoid. He received the Nobel Prize in 1909.
Theodor Billroth (1829-1894), professor at the University of Vienna and pioneer abdominal surgeon, Billroth was one of the most influential teachers of his time.
John H. Gibbon (1903-1973), pioneer cardiothoracic surgeon who developed extracorporeal circulation.
Alexis Carrel (1873-1944), an experimental surgeon interested in wound healing, tissue culture, organ transplantation, and blood vessel anastomosis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1912.
The role of SSMU in the development
of surgery in China
1954 二尖瓣分离 Commissurotomy of mitral stenosis
1958 大面积灼伤 Severe Burn
1963 断肢再植 Replantation of cut limb
1977 肝移植 The 1st case of Liver transplantation
1978 心脏移植 The 1st case of Heart transplantation
Burn surg, Digestive S., P. Biliary
Stomatological S. Plastic S. Pediatric Cardio S.
Classification of Surgical Diseases
— mechanical thermal
3) 肿瘤Neoplasia Benign, Malignant
4) 畸形Anatomical abnormalities
5) 内分泌功能失调Metabolic & Hormonal disorder
6) 梗塞与缺血Infarction & Ischamia
实验外科 Eexperimental Surgery
临床外科 Clinical Surgery
骨科 Arthrosteopedic surgery
(腹部外科) Abdominal surgery
微创外科Minimally invasive surgery
外科学总论 General Surgery
Surgical molecular biology
Fluid and electrolyte management
and acid-base balance
Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, MODS
Surgical intensive care
Pain management & Analgesia
●烧伤与冷伤Burns & Cold injury
●腔镜外科Laparoscopic & thorascopic surgery
●外科介入治疗Surgical intervention treatment
●外科医师的职业道德 Moral Character
●理论联系实践Theory and Practice
Spunk of tiger — 胆大
Eyes of eagle — 眼明
Heart of mother — 心细
Hands of women — 手巧
- Learn to find questions
- Learn to ask questions
- Learn to solve questions
Books are you best teachers
Library is your best school
Now, you may have a good start
- why to learn
- how to learn
Well begun, half done.