The Racing Rules of Sailing
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The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016. Strategy Tactics Techniques. 75% Pattern Recognition. 25% Racing Rules. Two Basic RRS Principles. More Manuverable Boat. KEEP CLEAR . Keep Clear. s hall. Less Manuverable Boat. R-O-W. Give Room. s hall. 11. Windward/Leeward.

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The Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 − 2016

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The Racing Rules of Sailing

2013 − 2016


Strategy Tactics Techniques

75% Pattern Recognition

25% Racing Rules


Two Basic RRS Principles

More

Manuverable

Boat

KEEP CLEAR

Keep

Clear

shall

Less

Manuverable

Boat

R-O-W

Give

Room

shall


11

Windward/Leeward


12

Overtaking/Overtaken


10

Viking boat design 410AD


10

Starboard Tack

Port Tack


KEEP CLEAR

LIMITATIONS

Keep Clear

Give Room

14

13

15

16

10

12

11

17

“We are / are not overlapped!”

“Wait until the zone.”

I do / do not have room to give mark-room.

I did everything possible to give room

“I am / You are at the zone,

“Mark Room / No Mark Room”

“I doubt it / No doubt”

18

give mark-room

Outside / clear astern gives mark-room

19

Inside r-o-w must gybe if that’s her proper course.

Def:

Overlapped

18.2(e)

18.2(d)

18.2(b)

18.4

18.2(c)

21

(Forever–unless outside tacks or leaves the zone)

22-Shall

Restarting

Doing penalty

Sailing backwards

23-If possible

Capsized

Anchored

Aground

24-If reasonably possible

Boat not racing

Doing a penalty

Another leg

22

Taking mark room you deserve means not

having to say “you’re sorry” for

breaking 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, or 16.

23

20

24

21

“You’re Excused”

Exoneration


RULE REALITIES

#1

The John McCain Answer

Born 1936 – In January 2009, at 61, he would have been the oldest person take the presidential oath of office for the first time.


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 16

Rule 10

  • FACTS

  • J/24s

  • Wind - 5 kts

  • Missed by 1 meter

  • BLUE protested – thenwent on to start the race


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 16

Rule 10

  • FACTS

  • J/24s

  • Wind - 5 kts

  • Missed by 1 meter

2


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 16

Rule 10

  • FACTS

  • J/24s

  • Wind - 25 kts

  • Missed by 1 meter

  • BLUE yelled “Protest” – then lost control. The boat

  • gybed, went head to wind and into irons.


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 16

Rule 10

BLUE – Port Tack

YELLOW – StbdTack

Rule 16: “… shall give room to keep clear …”

Rule 10: “… shall keepclear…”

Def: Room– “… space needed in existing conditions … to keep clear … while manoeuvring promptly in a seamanlike way.”

Def: Keep Clear- “… if the R-O-W boat can sail her course with no need to take avoiding action…”

#1

#2

J/24, 25kts, 1m, uncontrolled gybe

Facts:

J/24, 5kts, 1m, started

BLUE did not keep clear &

YELLOW did not give room

Conclusions:

Kept clear & Gave Room

DSQ

YELLOW

DISALLOWED

Decision:

BLUE Exonerated

When, as a consequence of breaking a rule a boat has compelled another boat to break a rule, the other boat shall be exonerated. Rule 64.1(b)


Third & Fourth Scenarios

#3

#4

VerbaNon Acta

Deer In The Headlights

BLUE DSQ

BLUE DSQ

Words not Action


INTERMISSION


PRE-START

2


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

It Depends

18

Can I go in there?


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

It Depends

18

Rule 18 MARK-ROOM

Preamble – “… does not apply at a starting mark surrounded by navigable water or at its anchor line, from the time boats are approaching them to start until they have passed them.”

1st It Depends – Are you approaching the starting line to start?

2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?


You be the judge

Can BLUE pass through?

We think no.

2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?


You be the judge

Can BLUE pass through?

We think no.

2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?


You be the judge

Can BLUE pass through?

We think yes.

2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?


You be the judge

Can BLUE pass through?

We think yes.

2nd It Depends – When BLUE sticks her bow in, is there room for her to pass through?


WINDWARD

1

The classic Port - Starboard


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM


At the protest hearing

YELLOW says …


At the protest hearing

BLUE says …


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Who is most likely to sway the protest committee?

16

10

YELLOW says …

BLUE says …

You probably know the answer.

The “why” may surprise you.

Who has the onus? Preponderance of the evidence (or the balance of probabilities).

Hear all the evidence. -- Weigh the evidence. -- Whichever has more weight – 49% / 51%

In this case starboard is usually in a better position to see the situation develop and determine whether she needs to change course to avoid a collision, so her evidence is given more weight.


WINDWARD

2

The tactics of a duck


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

16

10

Let’s slam dunk BLUE and also go right.

Let’s duck YELLOW and go right.


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

16

10


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

13

Slam Dunk

16

10


Slam Dunk

2009

Shaquille O’Neal

Kobi Bryant

Trevor Ariza (a-RYE-za)


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Slam Dunk

16

10

Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Slam Dunk

16

10

Slam Dunk

Don’t aim behind

Aim at the helmsman

Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

16

10

Don’t aim behind

Aim at the helmsman

Tactics to defeat a Slam Dunk


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

16

10

Don’t aim behind

Aim at the helmsman


WINDWARD

3

Piggy In The Middle


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 20 – “When approaching an obstruction, a boat may hail for room to tack and avoid a boat on the same tack. …”

BLUE, Please keep clear.

RED, Give me room to tack please.

Okay. Here I go.

BLUE must:

Be required to make a substantial alteration of course to miss the obstruction

Be sailing a close hauled course

The obstruction is not a mark.

Hail (what?)

Give the hailed boat time to respond

After hailed boat responds, must tack ASAP

20 Hailing for room to tack.

What happens if BLUE does not really need to tack? RED must respond (and protest).


RED is now at a bigdisadvantage. She is the leeward boat on pinned stbd tack.

Does she have a better response?


Rule 20.2(c) “The hailed boat shall … tack ASAP,

or

(Response Option #2)

by immediately replying ‘You tack’ … .”

BLUE, Please keep clear.

‘YOU TACK’

What?

Okay,

YOU TACK

RED, Give me room to tack please.


WINDWARD

MARK

Tacking near the mark


You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW


You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW

  • BLUE tacks


You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW

  • BLUE tacks

  • When BLUE falls off to a close hauled course YELLOW is 1/4 boat length behind


You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW

  • BLUE tacks

  • When BLUE falls off to a close hauled course YELLOW is 1/4 boat length behind

  • YELLOW is going faster and overtakes BLUE and luffs above close hauled to avoid her and protests.


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW

  • BLUE tacks

  • When BLUE falls off to a close hauled course YELLOW is 1/4 boat length behind

  • YELLOW is going faster and overtakes BLUE and luffs above close hauled to avoid her and protests.

13

15

12

18.3

Rule 18.3 Tacking in the Zone “If a boat in the zonepasses head to wind …”


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

You be the judge

You be the judge

  • BLUE is approaching the stbd tack lay line ahead of YELLOW

  • BLUE tacks

  • When BLUE falls off to a close hauled course YELLOW is 1/4 boat length behind

  • YELLOW is going faster and overtakes BLUE and luffs above close hauled to avoid her and protests.

13

15

12

18.3

Rule 18.3 Tacking in the Zone “If a boat in the zonepasses head-to-wind …”


DOWNWIND


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

10

11

X

Not on a closehauled course

20

BLUE must:

Be required to make a substantial alteration of course to miss the obstruction

Be sailing a close hauled course

The obstruction is not a mark.

Hail (what?)

Give the hailed boat time to respond

After hailed boat responses, tack ASAP

Be required to make a substantial alteration of course to miss the obstruction

Be sailing a close hauled course

The obstruction is not a mark.

Hail (what?)

Give the hailed boat time to respond

After hailed boat responses, tack ASAP


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

15

X

Not on a closehauled course

20

10


Dangerous stuff we didn’t talk about

  • Rule 14 – Sailing is not ice hockey

  • Rule 15 – Acquiring Right Of Way

  • Rule 17 – Luffing and Proper Course

  • Rule 18 – More Mark roundings


Thank You’s


Detroit Regional Yacht-Racing Association

Website & Facebook

  • 2 April (Wed) – Port Huron Yacht Club

    • The Excitement of Match Racing

    • Kent Colpaert


Detroit Regional Yacht-Racing Association

Website & Facebook

  • 2 April (Wed) – Port Huron Yacht Club

    • The Excitement of Match Racing

North Cape Yacht Club

The End


Sailing Rules For Poets

Keep Clear Boats

PAOW

– Port

– Astern

– Outside

– Windward

Potawatomi Indian word meaning vegetarian. Although the literal translation is “bad hunter”.


Sailing Rules For Poets

R-O-W Boat

SAI

L

– Starboard

– Ahead

– Inside

– Leeward


The End


PRE-START

3

What about the port end?


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM


KEEP CLEAR

GIVE ROOM

Rule 16

Rule 11

18


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