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Energy Related Business Opportunities in India. Jeffrey C. Dawson June 29, 2006. The Energy Industry Today. Oil Prices at All Time High Exceeding $60/bbl Total Proven Reserves ~1.12 Trillion Bbl Natural Gas Regarded as Fuel for 21st Century Total Proven Reserves ~ 183.8 Trillion m 3

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Energy Related Business Opportunities in India

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Energy related business opportunities in india

Energy Related Business Opportunities in India

Jeffrey C. Dawson

June 29, 2006


The energy industry today

The Energy Industry Today

  • Oil Prices at All Time High

    • Exceeding $60/bbl

    • Total Proven Reserves ~1.12 Trillion Bbl

  • Natural Gas Regarded as Fuel for 21st Century

    • Total Proven Reserves ~ 183.8 Trillion m3

  • India’s Contribution ~10 Billion BOE

    • 2.1 Billion Bbl Oil Production in 2005

    • 32 Billion m3 Production in 2005

    • ~0.5% Reserves and 15% of Global Population


Indian strategies to meet demand

Indian Strategies to Meet Demand

  • Exploration of Conventional Reservoirs

  • Production from Unconventional Reservoirs

    • CBM and Gas Hydrates

  • Enhanced Oil Recovery in Aging Fields

    • MEOR and CO2 Injection

    • Alkaline - Polymer - Surfactant Sweeps

  • Indirect Participant as Product Supplier

    • Supporting the Global Energy Infrastructure


Infrastructure support of energy industry

Infrastructure Support of Energy Industry

  • Oilfield Chemicals

    • ~$4 Billion Annual Market

    • 5.4% Annual Growth

  • Well Construction Chemicals

    • Drilling Fluid Chemicals

    • Cementing Chemicals

  • Completion

    • Heavy Brine & Sand Control -Unconsolidated Formations

    • Stimulation - Fracturing and Acidizing Chemicals

  • Production Chemicals

    • Corrosion Control - H2S and CO2

    • Inorganic Deposition (Scale) Removal

    • Organic Deposition (Wax) Removal

    • Water Management (9 bbl water : 1 bbl oil)


  • Infrastructure support of oil and gas industry

    Infrastructure Support of Oil and Gas Industry

    • Chemicals

      • Enhanced Oil Recovery -Preparing for the Future

        • Speciality Polymers

        • Speciality Surfactant Blends

  • Equipment

    • Drilling Rigs

    • Tubulars and BOP

    • Speciality Pumps

    • Compressors

    • Motors and Generators

    • Downhole Tools


  • Case history

    Case History

    • Guar Gum

      • Primary Viscosifier for Hydraulic Fracturing

        • Hydraulic Fracturing is a Stimulation Process

        • ~32,000 metric ton per year

      • ~40% Global Production from western India

      • Most Domestic Suppliers Import Guar Splits

        • Convert Splits to Flour in the US Plants

        • Manufacture Guar Derivatives

        • Cost Fluctuations for Questionable Reasons

        • Number of Suppliers Declining


    Energy related business opportunities in india

    Guar Gum

    Seed

    Powder

    Split

    Pod


    Case history1

    Case History

    • Connect with Indian Suppliers

      • Objective: Locate Reputable Indian Guar Suppliers that will Supply Sufficient Quantities of Quality Product at Lower Costs

      • Initiated in 2000

      • Requirements

        • Low Cost of Product

        • High Quality Potential

        • Large Capacity (MM lb/yr)


    Case history2

    Case History

    • Quality Control

      • Long Term Quality Assurance

        • Expected deterioration in quality

        • Expected large variation between shipments

        • Either would be intolerable

      • Emphasis on Quality

        • Placed Burden on “Distributing” Company (PfP)

      • Product Undergoes Four Levels of QC/QA

        • Oil Dispersion Viscosity

        • Water Dissolving Rate

        • Solution Viscosity

        • Gel Viscosity

        • Fracture Damage Potential


    Case history3

    Case History

    • Distributing Company Responsibilities

      • Communication w/in Both Cultures

      • Quality Assurance

      • Scheduling and Inventory Management

      • Cost Management

        • Multiple Indian Suppliers

      • Continuous Improvement


    Case history4

    Case History

    • Advantages

      • Low Cost Product

      • Continuous Quality Improvement

        • Exceeded Expectations

          • Higher Quality Products

          • High Consistency

        • Created “New” Premium Grade of Guar Gum

          • Lower Concentration of Guar Required

        • Success Induced Effort to Source Other Products

          • High Strength Proppants and Other Polymers

          • Completion Brines and Specialty Surfactants


    Case history5

    Case History

    • Disadvantages

      • Forecasting Requirements

        • Excessive Transportation Time

        • Excessive Quality Control Testing

        • Emphasis on Scheduling and Planning

        • Local Inventory Build-Up

      • Preventing “Out of Spec” Material

        • Unable to Return

        • Stress on Pre-shipment Sampling

          • Performance Verified before Shipment Leaves India

        • Stress on Scheduling


    Questions

    Questions


    Private research entities

    Private Research Entities


    Private research entities1

    Private Research Entities

    • Global Economy and Market Pressures

      • Stiff Competition

      • Company Structure to be more Competitive

      • Research Regarded as Necessary Evil Cost

      • Research - Minimize Time to Commercialization

    • Fundamental Understanding of Technology

      • No Direct Income

      • Multi-Tasking Responsibilities - No Time Allowed

      • Expensive -

    • Answer - Various Forms of Out-Sourcing


    Private research entities2

    Private Research Entities

    • India’s Contribution

      • Large Population of Technically Skilled People

        • 112,000 Engineering Graduates in 2004

        • 2001 Census - 2.6 MM Engineers/Scientists

    • Research Factories???

      • Western Company/Customer Indian Technocrats

      • Managing Company

        • Provide Skilled People (Temporary Agency)

        • Provide Physical Assets

          • Laboratory Space

          • General Lab Furniture and Basic Equipment

          • Telecommunications to Support Project Review

        • Conducts Marketing and Sales for Concept


    Private research entities3

    Private Research Entities

    • Research Factories???

      • Managing Company

        • Understands Both Cultures

        • Affiliated to Existing Educational Institutions

          • Tap into Technical Population

      • Company Customer

        • Enter into Contract Agreements (People/Physical Assets)

        • People become Temporary Employees to Company Customer

        • Provide Specialty Equipment

        • Company Customer Owns all IP

        • Benefit - Low Cost Research

          • Fundamental Research

          • New Product Development


    Oil and gas production opportunities

    Oil and Gas Production Opportunities


    Oil and gas production

    Oil and Gas Production

    • India’s Energy Status

      • 15% of World Population

      • 3% of Global Energy Consumption

        • 6th Largest Consumer

      • 33 Million ton/yr Oil Production

      • 40 Million scmd

      • Energy Deficient


    New discoveries

    New Discoveries

    • Current Focus - Exploration and Production

    • Latest Finds

      • Reliance - 300 BCM Gas Krishana Godavari

      • Cairn - 100 BCM Gas Rajasthan

      • Cairn/Tata/ONGC - 80 MMSCD/5 yr Gas Offshore Gujaret

      • Cairn - 200 MM BOE Gas and Oil K.G. Basin

      • GAIL India - 60 MMSCD/20 yr

      • CBM

    • Demand Outpacing Domestic Supply


    Enhanced oil recovery

    Enhanced Oil Recovery

    • Recent Agreements w/ China

      • Develop and Share EOR Technology

    • Benefits of EOR

      • Primary Production 10-15% Recovery

      • Secondary Recovery (Waterfloods) 10-30% Additional

      • Tertiary Recovery (EOR) 45-80% Additional

    • Requires Individualized Approach

      • Formation composition and Lithography

      • Aqueous Phase Composition

      • Crude Oil Composition


    Current methods

    Current Methods

    • MEOR

      • Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery

      • Inject Specific Live Bacteria/Food to Produce CO2

    • CO2 Injection

      • Reduces Oil Viscosity and Re-Pressurizes Reservoir

    • Alkaline - Surfactant - Polymer Flooding

      • BJ Services Preparing for the Next Phase - EOR

      • BJ Services Investing in Biosurfactants

        • Specifically Designed to Match Reservoir Requirements

      • BJ Services Offers AquaCon Polymer System

        • Relative Permeability Modifier for Water Control

        • Core Flow Testing Suggest Excellent Polymer Flood Product


    Thank you

    Thank You


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