Introduction to athletic training
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INTRODUCTION TO ATHLETIC TRAINING. SPORTS MEDICINE TEAM. Physician Athletic Trainer Coach Athletes Parents Administration Nutritionist Sports Psychologist Strength and Conditioning Specialist. TEAM PHYSICIAN. Oversees decisions about whether an athlete is able to participate

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INTRODUCTION TO ATHLETIC TRAINING

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Introduction to athletic training

INTRODUCTION TO ATHLETIC TRAINING


Sports medicine team

SPORTS MEDICINE TEAM

  • Physician

  • Athletic Trainer

  • Coach

  • Athletes

  • Parents

  • Administration

  • Nutritionist

  • Sports Psychologist

  • Strength and Conditioning Specialist


Team physician

TEAM PHYSICIAN

  • Oversees decisions about whether an athlete is able to participate

    • Cannot be overruled by the athletic trainer

    • Coordinates the rest of the medical team

  • Family Physician

    • Makes decisions if no team physician

    • Is not expected to coordinate a sports medicine team (becomes athletic trainer’s responsibility)


Certified athletic trainer

CERTIFIED ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • Prevention

  • Recognition

  • Management

  • Rehabilitation

  • Under the direction of a licensed physician, athletic administrators, coaches and parents.


Certified athletic trainer1

CERTIFIED ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • Must have a degree from an accredited institution

  • Must pass a comprehensive test (Board of Certification)

  • Must obtain continuing education credits to maintain certification


Certified athletic trainer2

CERTIFIED ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • Helps organize the sports medicine team

  • Works closely with school administration to make sure guidelines are being followed

    • www.hhs.gov/ocr/hipaa

  • Responsible for knowing health history and communicating preexisting injuries, conditions, or illnesses to sports medicine team

  • Record Keeping


The coach

THE COACH

  • Teaches participants how to improve and excel in a sport without injury

  • Must be knowledgeable about common injuries and prevention strategies

  • Must refer to athletic trainer or physician and contact parents if injury occurs

  • Must be certified in First Aid and CPR

  • Must follow directions of trainer or physician when permitting athlete to return to play after injury

  • Responsible for maintaining safe equipment and gear

  • Must have all medical forms, records, and reports whenever going off-campus for an event


The athlete

THE ATHLETE

  • Follow instructions given by physician, athletic trainer, and coach

  • Obtain written permission to return to play after injury

  • Must report injury or treatment history to coach and athletic trainer and properly recondition to ensure safe return to play


Parents guardians

PARENTS/GUARDIANS

  • Must be informed immediately by the coach or athletic trainer if an injury occurs

  • Secure proper medical treatment for their child


School administration

SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION

  • Responsible for making sure each athletic event and practice is attended by someone certified in First Aid/CPR

  • Must be aware of injury trends that occur in sports

  • Approve funding for equipment and medical supplies (ex. Tape, ankle braces, bandages)


Community health facilities

COMMUNITY HEALTH FACILITIES

  • Rehabilitation

  • Drug testing

  • Physician services

  • Athletic training support for practice or events


When to punt

WHEN TO “PUNT”

  • KNOW WHEN TREATMENT IS OUTSIDE OF YOUR TRAINING AND REFER TO SOMEONE WITH MORE MEDICAL EXPERIENCE!!!

  • BE RESPONSIBLE!!


What it takes to be an athletic trainer

WHAT IT TAKES TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • CHARACTERISTICS

    • Dependability

    • Adaptatbility

    • Problem solving/critical thinking skills

    • Leadership ability

    • Good judgment

    • Sense of humor

    • Good physical health

    • Passionate about sports and helping others


What it takes to be an athletic trainer1

WHAT IT TAKES TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • ATHLETIC TRAINING CURRICULUM

    • Assessment and evaluation

    • Acute care

    • General medical conditions and disabilities

    • Pathology of injury and illness

    • Pharmacology

    • Nutrition

    • Therapeutic exercise and modalities

    • Risk management and injury prevention

    • Health care administration

    • Professional development and responsibilities

    • Psychosocial intervention and referral


What it takes to be an athletic trainer2

WHAT IT TAKES TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • DOMAINS OF PRACTICE

    • Prevention

    • Clinical evaluation and diagnosis

    • Immediate care

    • Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning

    • Organization and administration

    • Professional responsibility


What it takes to be an athletic trainer3

WHAT IT TAKES TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • EMPLOYERS OF ATHLETIC TRAINING SERVICES

    • Professional and collegiate sports

    • Secondary and intermediate schools

    • Sports medicine clinics

    • Hospital, ER, rehab clinics, and wellness centers

    • Occupational settings

    • Fitness centers

    • Physicians offices


What it takes to be an athletic trainer4

WHAT IT TAKES TO BE AN ATHLETIC TRAINER

  • RELATED SKILLS

    • Time management

    • Communication

    • Computer literacy

    • Organization


Academic requirements and professional certifications

ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS AND PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS

  • NATA (National Athletic Trainer’s Association)

  • ATC Certification granted by NATABOC

    • Exam covers 6 domains of practice:

      • Prevention

      • Recognition, evaluation, and assessment

      • Immediate care

      • Treatment, rehabilitation, and reconditioning

      • Organization and administration

      • Professional development and responsibility

    • Recognized by 44 states (as of July 2006)


Academic requirements and professional certifications1

ACADEMIC REQUIREMENTS AND PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS

  • Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Athletic Training curriculum from an accredited institution.

  • ATC (Certified Athletic Trainer) Credential

  • Emergency Cardiac Care (CPR/AED) for the Professional Rescuer

    • American Red Cross

    • MEDIC First Aid International

    • American Heart Association


Job market

JOB MARKET

  • Most jobs offer full benefits, personal leave, and holiday options.

  • Variety of work settings allows for ability to find a job that meets your needs and interests.


Responsibilities

RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Prevention, assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation of injuries

  • First aid and emergency response

  • Purchase and organize equipment and supplies

  • Development of conditioning programs

  • Record keeping

    • Injury log, treatment log, rehab reports, insurance info, consent forms, health history, inventory of supplies and equipment, maintenance of equipment

  • Protective taping, padding, and bracing

  • Set up training room

  • Monitor rehab programs/physical therapy


Responsibilities1

RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Teaching athletic training students (college)

  • Overseeing athletic training student aides (high school)

  • Supply each team with first aid kit, water coolers, ice chest or any other supplies needed for home or away events

  • Act as a patient advocate: advise to obtain proper insurance coverage, advise coaching staff on appropriate level of participation, communicate with physicians


Athletic training student aides

ATHLETIC TRAINING STUDENT AIDES

A student with an interest in studying for a career in sports medicine and athletic training under the direction of an athletic director or athletic trainer in a high school setting.

  • Opportunity to gain valuable experience

  • Frees up time for the trainer or athletic director to focus on needs of the entire program

  • 3-year programs: Student expectations

    • Highly motivated

    • Committed long-term

    • On time

    • Does more than asked

    • On time

    • Self-starters

    • Works well with others

    • Professional dress and behavior


Athletic training student aides1

ATHLETIC TRAINING STUDENT AIDES

  • Responsibilities:

    • Stock first aid kits and ice chests

    • Check equipment

    • Fill water bottles

    • Help with treatment of injuries and taping (under direct supervision)

    • Clean training room

    • Update supply list

    • Maintain proper training room atmosphere

    • Communicate with trainers and coaches

    • Set training schedules for ATSA staff


Record keeping

RECORD KEEPING

  • Prevention and treatment of athletic injuries

    • Pre-Participation Physical Evaluation and Emergency Insurance Information forms are helpful in determining treatment

      • Notify of pre-existing injuries or illnesses

      • Verification of proper medical coverage

  • Use of athletic training software programs to store information

    • Must be in compliance with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

  • Protect from legal action

    • Assumption of risk (Risk Acknowledgement and Consent to Participate form)

    • Liability (athletes may not participate unless all forms are signed and on file)


Risk acknowledgement form

Risk Acknowledgement Form

  • Signed by a parent or guardian of a minor participating in sports

  • Informs the parents/guardians of any risks their son or daughter may take while participating in a sports program


Emergency insurance information and consent form

Emergency Insurance Information and Consent Form

  • Signed by parents/guardians

  • Provides all the insurance information to health care providers


Pre participation physical evaluation

Pre-Participation Physical Evaluation

  • Designed to find out if an athlete has any pre-existing injury or illness

  • Completed by a physician before sports participation


Pre participation physical examination

PRE-PARTICIPATION PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

A comprehensive assessment of an athlete’s overall health and ability to perform a sport at the highest level.

  • Should take place a minimum of 6 weeks prior to beginning of sport season.

  • Station-based or office-based:

    • Medical history

    • Pulse Rate and Blood pressure

    • Respiration, Heart Rhythm, GI Tract

    • Height, weight

    • Eyesight

    • Joint stability and mobility


Physical exam

Physical Exam


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