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Which region matches which coloured bar? The regions are: North America, Africa, Oceania, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe?. LEDC Land Use Model. E. D. A. C. B. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/settlement/urbanmod_ledcrev1.shtml.

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Which region matches which coloured bar? The regions are: North America, Africa, Oceania, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Europe?


LEDC Land Use Model

E

D

A

C

B

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/settlement/urbanmod_ledcrev1.shtml


MEDC Land Use Model – Concentric Ring Model

E

D

C

B

A

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/settlement/urbanmod_medcrev1.shtml


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


China – Rural to Urban Migration

China’s Population Census figures show the number of migrants living outside their home counties for more than six months grew from

20 million in 1990 to

79 million by 2000.

When temporary migrants are included (those residing away from home for one month or more),

the migrant population in 2010 reached

160 million.

http://people.southwestern.edu/~robertsk/chinamig.html

Rural to Urban Migration in China: How Do Migrant-Sending Communities Benefit?

China - Dramatic City Growth


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


Gentrification – Inward Movement

Gentrification is a general term for the arrival of wealthier people in an existing urban district, a related increase in rents and property values, and changes in the district's character and culture.

Gentrification in Istanbul (Tophane)

http://www.eurasianet.org/node/62653


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


Urban Renewal (Re-urbanization) – Inward Movement

The development of activities to increase residential population densities within the existing built-up area of a city.

This may include the redevelopment of vacant land, the refurbishment of housing, the development of new business enterprises, new public transportation, new community recreation facilities.

Regeneration of the London Docklands


What was the area like before redevelopment?


What is the area like now?


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


Suburbanization – Outward Movement

The outward growth of towns and cities to engulf surrounding villages and rural areas.

This may result from the out-migration of population from the inner urban areas to the suburbs.


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


Urban Sprawl – Outward Movement

The unplanned and uncontrolled physical expansion of an urban area into the surrounding countryside. It is closely linked to the process of suburbanization.


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Sprawl takes place up the sides of the surrounding mountains as favela communities (shanty towns) grow.


Movement of People in Urban Environments

Gentrification

Rural-urban migration

Urban Renewal /

Re-urbanization

Suburbanization

Counter-urbanization

Urban Sprawl


Counter-urbanization -

Outward Movement

The migration of people from an urban area into the surrounding rural area (mostly in MEDCs).

It might mean daily commuting, but could also require lifestyle changes and the increased use of Information Communications Technology (ICT).


Suburbanization Processes

  • Inner city decline

  • Dereliction

  • Poor environments – pollution, crime, noise

Re-urbanization Processes

Regeneration, Gentrification

  • Disillusionment with commute

  • Walking distance to work, entertainment,

  • education, health care

  • Refurbished neighbourhoods,

  • renovated housing, new condos, parks


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