Islam
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Islam PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam. The main religion of the Middle East ~ 1.4 billion Muslims worldwide; 20% of Earth Islam = the religion Muslims = the followers of Islam (people). The Story of Islam. The prophet, Muhammad Born in 570 AD – Dies 632 AD. Muhammad’s Story. Born in Mecca Raised by Grandfather

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Islam

Islam

  • The main religion of the Middle East

  • ~ 1.4 billion Muslims worldwide; 20% of Earth

  • Islam = the religion

  • Muslims = the followers of Islam (people)


The story of islam

The Story of Islam

  • The prophet, Muhammad

  • Born in 570 AD – Dies 632 AD


Muhammad s story

Muhammad’s Story

  • Born in Mecca

  • Raised by Grandfather

    and Uncle

  • Watched problems with

    religion and society, and often meditated on them

  • Traveled the Middle East as a trader, allowing him to talk and converse with others


Mecca

The Kaaba

Site at which visitors come to pray, $$$$

Polytheism

Belief in multiple gods like Zeus, Athena, Jupiter, Mars, etc.

Mecca


Muhammad is confused

Muhammad is confused

  • 610 AD

  • Muhammad noticed the materialism of Mecca and its people

  • The town was based around money, wealth and tourism

  • “My poverty is my pride”

  • What is materialism?


Materialism

Materialism


Gabriel comes to muhammad

Gabriel comes to Muhammad

  • Gabriel is an angel

  • Gives the words of

    Allah to Muhammad


The koran or qur an

The word of God (Allah) is collected in the Koran

Teaching on how to live a proper life

Morals, Virtues

Vices

Basically, an expansion of the Christian and Jewish Bible

The Koran or (Qur'an)


Muhammad makes his revelations public

Muhammad makes his revelations public

  • All religions have revelations…what are they?

    • A figure usually appears to a person and instructs them in the ways of a higher power

  • 613 AD, Muhammad begins to attract followers

  • Monotheism – belief in only ONE God

    • Mono means one, theism means higher power


Muhammad s flight

Muhammad’s flight

  • Muhammad and his followers leave Mecca to Medina 622 AD

    • The government in Mecca doesn’t like his message...why?

  • Muhammad begins to

    attract more and more followers

    • Why?


Muhammad s return

Muhammad’s Return

  • 630 AD Muhammad returns and the Meccan’s join Muhammad and his followers

  • Muhammad dies in 632 AD

    • His ideas and the religion had spread as far west as Spain and as far east as China


So now what

So now what?

  • Who should lead?

  • Who decides religious disputes and disagreements?

  • Some people say the next leader of Islam should be related to Muhammad

  • Some people say he should be elected


Sunnis and shia

Sunnis

We should elect Muhammad’s successor!

85% of Muslims are Sunni

Shia

The successor to Muhammad should be related to Muhammad!

15% of Muslims are Shia

Sunnis and Shia


Islam

  • What country is majority Shia?


Recap

Recap

  • Muhammad  founder of Islam

  • Allah  the God of Islam

  • Koran  Holy book of Islam

  • Mecca, Saudi Arabia  city that is the center of Islam

  • Sunnis believe leader of Islamic church should be elected

  • Shia  believe leader of Islamic church should be related to Muhammad


The five pillars of islam

The Five Pillars of Islam

  • 5 basic principles or beliefs of Islam

  • According to the Koran, if you live by these tenants, you will be allowed into heaven

  • All pillars try to bring out your best virtues and morals


1 shahada

1. Shahada

  • Profession of faith

  • “There is no God but Allah”

  • Muhammad is the true prophet of Allah

  • Performed daily


2 salah or prayer

Muslims pray 5 times a day; each prayer is different

Sunrise, usually 5-6 am

Noon, usually between 12-1 pm

Afternoon, around 4:30 pm

Sunset, around 7

Nightfall, around 9:30

Prayer call is made from minarets

2. Salah, or prayer


Minarets and prayer call

Minarets and prayer call

  • Towers with speakers

  • Extremely artistic

  • Height competition

    for ancient rulers


3 sawm or fasting

3. Sawm, or fasting

  • Not eating or drinking during specific hours of the day

  • Holy month of Ramadan

    • Cannot eat while the sun is in the sky

    • Celebrated because this was the month that Muhammad received the Koran

    • Going without, controlling one’s desires


4 zakat or charity

4. Zakat, or charity

  • Giving a portion of one’s wealth and money to the poor

  • Helping others who are less fortunate

  • 2% of what you earn should be given up


5 hajj

Pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca

Go to Mecca

at least once

in your life; repeat Muhammad’s journey

Masjid al-Haram

5. Hajj


The kaaba in mecca

The Kaaba in Mecca


After your pilgrimage

After your pilgrimage…


Islamic vocabulary

Mosque- Islamic Church

Ramadan- Holy month of fasting

Monotheism

Theology-Study of religion

Kaaba- Holy shrine of Islam

Koran or Qu’ran- Islamic bible

Minaret- prayer tower

Pilgrimage- religious journey

5 pillars

Shahada- “there is no…”

Salah- prayer

Sawm- fasting

Zakat- charity

Hajj- pilgrimage to Mecca

Islamic Vocabulary


Mosque

Mosque

  • An Islamic place of worship

  • Synonym = church


Caliph

Caliph

  • Islamic ruler of church and state

  • Caliphate = Islamic empire


Islam

Imam

  • Islamic priest


Sharia

Sharia

  • Islamic Law

    • The laws of the government and society are the laws from the Koran

    • Non-secular at its finest


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