Integumentary system
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Integumentary System. How do you care for your skin?. How do you care for your hair?. How do you care for your nails?. You will find out how to keep these body parts healthy! First you need to know the structure of your hair, skin, and nails and how each part works!!!.

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Integumentary System

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Integumentary system

Integumentary System


Integumentary system

  • How do you care for your skin?


Integumentary system

  • How do you care for your hair?


Integumentary system

  • How do you care for your nails?


Integumentary system

  • You will find out how to keep these body parts healthy!

  • First you need to know the structure of your hair, skin, and nails and how each part works!!!


Integumentary system

  • 1. Integumentary System

    • Covers and protects body

    • Made up of skin, hair, and nails


Integumentary system

  • 2. Skin

    • Largest organ in body

    • Has nerve cells that help detect pain, pressure, heat cold, and touch

    • Protective layer from germs


Integumentary system

  • Maintain a healthful body temp.

  • Removes waste from body


Integumentary system

  • 3. Two Layers of Skin

    • Epidermis – outer layer which is constantly shed and replaced

    • Dermis – layer below epidermis that contains hair follicles, glands, blood vessels and nerves


Integumentary system

  • Picture of your Skin!!!


Integumentary system

  • 4. Melanin

    • Protects you from ultraviolent radiation

    • Pigment that gives skin its color

    • More Melanin=Darker skin tone


Integumentary system

  • 5. Glands

    • Sweat glands – rids the body of salt and helps cool the body by releasing sweat through pores


Integumentary system

  • Sebaceous gland – oil producing gland that protects the skin

    • Sebum – oil produced by sebaceous gland


Integumentary system

  • 6. Nails

    • Composed of dead cells and keratin, a tough protein


Integumentary system

  • 7. Hair

    • Dead cells filled with keratin

    • Protects skin and helps maintain body temp

      • Goosebumps

      • Prevents loss of heat through head

    • Each hair grows in a hair follicle


Integumentary system

  • 8. Hair follicle– a depression on the surface of the skin that contains nutrients needed for hair to grow


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  • 9. Problems of the Integ. System

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Integumentary system

  • A. Sunburn –

    • Caused by UV rays from the sun

    • People with fewer amounts of melanin are more likely to be sunburned

    • Can be prevented by wearing sunblock (at least SPF 30!!!)


Integumentary system

  • B. Skin Cancer

    • Also called melanoma

    • Can be obtained from the sun

    • Studies have shown tanning booths may

    • cause skin

    • cancer


Integumentary system

  • ABCD’s of Skin Cancer


Integumentary system

  • A – Asymmetry

    • If your mole is NOT the same on both sides, it could be cancerous


Integumentary system

  • B – Border Irregularity

    • If the outside borders are shaped oddly, the mole may be cancerous.


Integumentary system

  • C – Color

    • If your mole is black with a blueish tint, it may be cancerous


Integumentary system

  • D – Diameter

    • Check for moles that are wider than ¼ of an inch, or larger than the size of a pea.


Integumentary system

  • C. Acne

    • Lesions on the skin filled with excess oil and dirt which encloses the skin’s pores.

    • To prevent pimples:

      • Wash face daily with facial cleanser that contains Benzoyl.

      • Moisturize

      • Keep hands off your face


Integumentary system

  • D. Athlete’s Foot

    • Fungal infection of the skin between the toes

    • Caused by sweating and heat

    • Highly contagious

    • Wear sandals or other foot coverings when in locker room or shower!


Integumentary system

  • E. Ringworm

    • Common fungal infection of skin

    • Ring-shaped

    • Scaly, blistery patches form

    • Itchy

    • Contagious! Be careful of locker rooms…


Integumentary system

  • 11. Keeping the Integ. System Healthy

  • A. Nails

    • Clip regularly, clean dirt out under nails

    • Wear clean socks, avoid contact with locker room floors, showers to prevent athletes foot


Integumentary system

  • B. Hair

    • Wash every day

    • Cut regularly

    • Avoid sharing hats or headgear

    • Brush hair


Integumentary system

  • C. Skin

    • Use sunscreen

    • Don’t use tanning beds!

    • Use ACNE medication

    • Wash face and skin everyday when showering


Integumentary system

  • 12. Deodorant

    • Used to prevent excess sweating and body odor smells

    • Applied to armpits

    • Look for a deodorant and antiperspirant – prevents sweating..


Integumentary system

  • How I will Keep My Integumentary System Healthy…

  • Hair –

  • Skin –

  • Skin on Face -

  • Nails -


Integumentary system

  • 1. Epidermis

  • 2. Dermis

  • 3. Blood Vessel

  • 4. Hair

  • 5. Pore

  • 6. Nerve

  • 7. Sweat Gland

  • 8. Oil (Sebaceous) Gland


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