Emerging technologies in the or and their effect on perioperative professionals
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Emerging Technologies in the OR and Their Effect on Perioperative Professionals. By Gifty Lano. Objectives. Identify technological trend in perioperative setting Analyze data for use of technological trend Identify hardware and software of trend Identify legal and ethical perspectives

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Emerging Technologies in the OR and Their Effect on Perioperative Professionals

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Emerging Technologies in the OR and Their Effect on Perioperative Professionals

By Gifty Lano


Objectives

  • Identify technological trend in perioperative setting

  • Analyze data for use of technological trend

  • Identify hardware and software of trend

  • Identify legal and ethical perspectives

  • Identify advantages / disadvantages of systems

  • Identify nursing competencies with trend


Types of Emerging Technology

  • Software

  • Hardware

  • Networks

  • Digitization of Information

  • De-Tethering

  • Biotechnology


Perioperative Professionals

  • Surgeons

  • Anesthesiologists

  • Managers

  • Nurses

  • Support and ancillary and other staff


Hardware

  • Picture Archiving Communication System (PACS)

    Includes:

  • memory

  • Desktop computers

  • DVD, CD ROM

  • Graphic cards

  • Virtual memory

  • Sound card


Software

  • Operating system

  • Internet Browser

  • Communication software

  • Creative software


Operating System

Windows XP Professional

  • Powerful operating system

  • Allows computer to operate software

  • Allows communication between software

  • Multi processing

  • Multi tasking and multi usage

  • Graphic Use Interface

    www.computerhope.com


Information System for PACS

  • Input Data

  • Data analyses

  • Data Processing

  • Data dissemination

  • Feedback


advantages

PACS System

  • Allows for pertinent review of data

  • Easily accessible data by professionals

  • Prompt interventions as needed

  • May be assessed from many locations

  • Reduction of bulk paper work


Disadvantages

  • Possible breach of security of protected data

  • Evolving technology may require frequent update

  • Costly training for multidisciplinary usage

  • Possible transfer of vicious software

  • Other professionals not embracing technology

  • Require hardcopy backup for system failure


Ethical legal Issues

  • Breech of patient confidentiality

  • Usage by unauthorized professionals

  • Wrong data entry obtaining wrong results


Usability of Operating system

  • User friendly

  • Easy to remember

  • Specific applications and functions

  • Efficient for all levels of expertise

  • Technical support available

  • Error-trapping to prevent wrong data entry

    Staggers, N (2003) Human factors imperative concepts in critical care AANC,14 (3) 310-319


Informatics nurse specialist

  • Fluency in Informatics & terminology

  • Implements and evaluates application trend

  • Implements and evaluates training programs

  • Applies human factors & ergonomics to design trend

  • Consults in design and management of trend

    McGonigle, D & Mastrian, K. (2009) Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge, Massachusetts, Jones and Bartlet


Nursing competencies

Basic

  • Knowledge worker

  • Has basic knowledge in computer use

  • Ability to use institution’s internet browser

  • Ability to enter accurate data

  • Ability to protect electronic patient data


References

  • Catalano, K., & Fickenscher, K., (2007) Emerging technologies in the OR and their effect on perioperative professionals, AORN, 86 (6), 958 – 969

  • Staggers, N (2003) Human factors imperative concepts in critical care AANC, 14(3) 310-319

  • McGonigle, D & Mastrian K, (2009) Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge, jones & bartlet

  • Rahman, M “biohealthmatics.com”. November 24, 2007. December 7, 2008. <http://www.biohealthmatics.com>


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