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Lowering Your Lipids. Michelle Wright, RN. What is Cholesterol?. Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in every cell in the body. It is made by the liver and used to make hormones, Vitamin D and substance that help you digest foods.

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Lowering your lipids
Lowering Your Lipids

Michelle Wright, RN


What is cholesterol
What is Cholesterol?

  • Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in every cell in the body. It is made by the liver and used to make hormones, Vitamin D and substance that help you digest foods.

  • Total Cholesterol = HDL + LDL + (triglycerides ÷ 5)


Lipoproteins
Lipoproteins

  • Cholesterol can’t dissolve in the blood, so it is carried to and from cells by transporters called lipoproteins.

  • The Good Guys:

  • High-density lipoproteins or HDL

  • The Bad Guys:

  • Low-density lipoproteins or LDL

  • Triglycerides


Why is high cholesterol a problem
Why is high cholesterol a problem?

  • Too much cholesterol can build up on the walls of your arteries. This is called plaque. Over time plaque can cause narrowing of the arteries. This is called atherosclerosis.



Causes of high cholesterol
Causes of High Cholesterol

  • What you eat

    • Saturated fats

    • Trans fats

    • Cholesterol from animals

  • Your weight

  • Tobacco use

  • Your activity

  • Heredity

  • Age and sex


Dietary tips for lowering cholesterol
Dietary Tips for Lowering Cholesterol

  • Eat the Right Stuff:

  • Eat more fruits, veggies, whole grains, nuts and seeds.

  • Limit the Wrong Stuff:

  • Curb your intake of saturated fats and animal foods.




Omega 3 fatty acids
Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  • Found in cold water fish (wild salmon, canned tuna, pollock, mahi mahi) and Brussels sprouts, flaxseed, walnuts.

  • Benefits:

    • Reduces blood pressure

    • Reduces risk of developing blood clots


Be physically active
Be Physically Active

Walking for 30 minutes most days of the weekwill help raise HDL level and lower LDL level


Get your cholesterol checked
Get Your Cholesterol Checked

Everyone 20 years of age or older should be screened for cholesterol at least once every five years


Lowering your lipids1
Lowering Your Lipids

  • Goal: to decrease LDL cholesterol

  • Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes (TLC)

    • Low fat (7% saturated), low cholesterol (200 mg) diet

    • Weight Management

    • Physical Activity

  • Drug Treatment

    • Statins - lowers LDL

    • Bile Acid Sequestrants - lowers LDL

    • Nicotinic Acid - lowers LDL & TRIG, raises HDL

    • Fibric Acids - lowers TRIG and raises HDL

    • Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors - lowers LDL

  • Take medications as prescribed by your personal care provider.


Tlc guide
TLC Guide

www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/chol/chol_tlc.pdf





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