Continuing traditions
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Continuing Traditions. Do Now. Take out your Lesson 7.2 Fact-Finder, Homework and Practice Book, and Vocabulary Sheets. I. The Maccabees. A. In 332BC, the Judean Empire faced another conqueror – the Macedonian emperor Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great’s Empire. The Maccabees.

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Continuing Traditions

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Continuing Traditions

Do Now

  • Take out your Lesson 7.2 Fact-Finder, Homework and Practice Book, and Vocabulary Sheets

I. The Maccabees

  • A. In 332BC, the Judean Empire faced another conqueror – the Macedonian emperor Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great’s Empire

The Maccabees

  • 1. He loved Greek culture and brought many Greekcustoms to his conquered lands, including Judah, which was then called Judaea

The Maccabees

  • B. In 200 B.C., a Greek ruler outlawed Judaism and forced all Judeans to worship Greek gods

The Maccabees

  • C. In 167 B.C., a man named Judah led a revolt

The Maccabees

  • 1. During the revolt, he became known as Judah Maccabee

  • 2. Today, the event is remembered as the Revolt of the Maccabees

Revolt of the Maccabees

The Maccabees

  • a. JudahMaccabee and his recruits recapturedJerusalem and all of Judaea

  • b. They restored Jewishworship in the Temple


The Maccabees

  • D. In 63 B.C., the Roman Empire took control of Judaea

The Maccabees

  • 1. They chose Jewish kings who were loyal to Rome

  • 2. The Jewish people were mistreated and rebelled, and in A.D. 70, the Romans laid siege to Jerusalem, leaving it and the Temple in ruins

Destruction of the Temple

The Maccabees

  • E. After the Second Temple was destroyed, Rabbi YohananbenZaccai founded a Jewish school in Yavnehsouth of Jerusalem

The Maccabees

  • 1. The school grew into a center for Jewishlife

  • 2. Synagogues, too continued to gain importance as places of prayer and study

  • 3. Both of these events helped Judaism survive

Synagogue Ruins

The Maccabees

  • F. In A.D. 132, the Jewish people tried to overthrow the Romans

    • 1. Simon Bar Kokhba was the leader of the revolt

The Maccabees

  • 2. The Romans crushed the revolt

    • a. They sent nearly all of the Jews of Jerusalem into exile

    • b. Jewish people would not rule Judaea again for 1,800 years


II. The Writings of Judaism

  • A. The Hebrew Bible is bothhistory and literature

    • 1. It tells the stories of the Jewish people to about 300 B.C.

II. The Writings of Judaism

  • B. The Hebrew Bible has threeparts

    • 1. First is the Torah or “the Law”, including the Ten Commandments

    • 2. Next is the Nevi’imor “the Prophets”

    • 3. The third part is the Ketuvim, or “the Writings”

The Writings of Judaism

  • C. Genesis is the first book of the Torah, which explains how God created the universe

The Writings of Judaism

  • 1. One of the best-known stories in Genesis is about Noah and the flood

  • 2. In this story, God orders Noah to build an ark, a large boat, and take aboard two of every living creature

  • 3. Noah and the others on the ark survive the flood to renew life on Earth

Noah’s Ark

The Writings of Judaism

  • D. Some, such as the Rabbi Hillel, devoted their lives to studying and teaching the Torah

The Writings of Judaism

  • E. The Nevi’im includes the words of prophets, such as Jeremiah and Ezekiel, who spoke to the Jewish people as representatives of God

Jeremiah and Ezekiel



The Writings of Judaism

  • 1. It also tells the history ofIsraelite kings, including David and Solomon

The Writings of Judaism

  • F. The Ketuvim contains several kinds of written works, including stories

The Writings of Judaism

  • 1. One of the most popular stories is about friendship and loyalty

  • 2. It is the story of Ruth, a young woman who married into a Jewish family

  • 3. When her husband died, Ruth stayed to care for her mother-in-law, Naomi, instead of returning to her own family

  • 4. Ruth told Naomi, “Your people shall be my people, and your God my God”


III. Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • A. Rosh Hashanah is the first day of the Jewish New Year and the beginning of the ten High Holy Days

  • 1. The last day of the High Holy Days is Yom Kippur

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • 2. Rosh Hashanah is known as the Day of Judgment

    • a. Jews believe that on this day, God judgesthem

    • b. They examine their actions of the past year and think about any sins they have committed

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • B. Yom Kippur is known as the Day of Atonement

    • a. Jews express regret for their sins and ask God to forgive them

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • C. Passover is an important holiday that marks the Israelites’ escape from Egypt

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • D. Judaism influenced two of the world’s largest religions, Christianity and Islam

    • 1. According to tradition, Abraham is an important figure to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • E. Jesus, on whom Christianity was founded, was Jewish

    • 1. He taught many of the ideas of Judaism, such as the belief in God and the importance of the Ten Commandments

    • 2. In addition, Jesus taught new religious ideas


Various Crosses

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • F. Muslims, who practice the religion of Islam, say that Abraham, an early prophet, received messages from God

Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • 1. They also say that Muhammad was God’s final prophet

  • 2. Muhammad said that he was a descendant of Abraham’s son Ishmael

  • 3. The life of Muhammad and the message of Islam are presented in the Qur’an, the holy book of Islam


Jewish Traditions and Influence

  • 4. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have many differences, but they have a very important similarity

    • 1. All three focus on the belief in one God who sets down moral laws for their followers

Wrap Up

  • What empires conquered Jerusalem?

  • Who led revolts in the name of Israel?

  • What are the three parts of the Hebrew Bible? What does each section include?

  • What Jewish holidays can you remember?

  • What religions were influenced by Judaism?

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