Slide1 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Blood Pressure Lability During Cardiac Surgery Is Associated With Adverse Outcomes PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Blood Pressure Lability During Cardiac Surgery Is Associated With Adverse Outcomes. Solomon Aronson, Edwin G. Avery, Cornelius Dyke, Joseph Varon , Jerrold H. Levy Presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL. Background.

Download Presentation

Blood Pressure Lability During Cardiac Surgery Is Associated With Adverse Outcomes

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

Blood Pressure LabilityDuring Cardiac Surgery Is Associated With Adverse Outcomes

Solomon Aronson, Edwin G. Avery, Cornelius Dyke, Joseph Varon, Jerrold H. LevyPresented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Background l.jpg

Background

  • Perioperative blood pressure (BP) variability during cardiac surgery and intraoperative hemodynamic abnormalities may be associated adverse outcome including death, stroke, renal dysfunction, perioperative myocardial infarction (MI), and increased mortality in this patient population

  • Up to 86% of cardiac surgery patients require intravenous (IV) therapy to actively manage BP

Anesth Analg 2002:94;1079- 84. Anesth Analg 2002:95;273-7. Circulation 2007:115;733-42.

Hypertension 2007;50:630-35. Anesth Analg 2008:107;1122-9, 2008


Background3 l.jpg

Background

  • The Evaluation of Clevidipine in the Perioperative Treatment of Hypertension Assessing Safety Events (ECLIPSE) program was performed to compare the safety and efficacy of clevidipine butyrate intravenous emulsion (CLV) with nitroglycerin (NTG), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and nicardipine (NIC) in the treatment of perioperative acute hypertension in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

  • In ECLIPSE, poor perioperative BP control was a significant predictor of 30-day mortality

    • Patients with poor blood pressure (BP) control are at higher risk of 30-day death, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), and renal dysfunction compared with those with tight control (P<0.01, odds ratio 1.003, 95% confidence interval 1.001–1.004)

    • In other words, the worse the blood pressure control, the worse the outcome


Methods l.jpg

Methods

  • In the present study, data from the ECLIPSE program were examined further to determine whether the risk of 30-day adverse clinical outcomes (death, MI, stroke, and renal dysfunction) increased as systolic BP (SBP) became progressively more labile outside of a preselected BP target range

  • The ECLIPSE program comprised 3 prospective, randomized, open-label, parallel comparison studies of CLV to NTG or SNP perioperatively, or NIC postoperatively in patients undergoing cardiac surgery at 61 medical centers

  • Of the 1964 patients enrolled, 1512 met post randomization inclusion criteria of requiring acute treatment of hypertension based on clinical determination (modified intent-to-treat population)

    • Five were not included due to missing or incomplete area under the curve (AUC) data, for a total of 1507 patients


Methods5 l.jpg

Methods

The efficacy of CLV versus comparator drugs for the treatment of acute hypertension was assessed using AUC analysis of BP excursions beyond predetermined upper and lower limits, normalized per hour (AUCSBP-D)

These ranges, chosen to reflect standard clinical practice and predefined for analysis purposes, were 65 to 135 mm Hg intraoperatively (from chest incision through chest closure) and 75 to 145 mm Hg pre- and postoperatively

In a posthoc analysis, patients were grouped into quartiles (Qs 1–4) as defined by BP lability (Q4 was most labile and Q1 least labile)


Methods6 l.jpg

Methods

The primary outcome was the incidence of death, MI, stroke, or renal dysfunction at 30 days as assessed by the Clinical Endpoints Committee

Perioperative BP was controlled from preincision through the perioperative period with CLV (2–16 mg/h titrated to BP-lowering effect) versus a comparator (IV NTG, SNP, or NIC), dosed according to institutional practice

Patients were randomized 1:1 to study drugs


Eclipse patient characteristics l.jpg

ECLIPSE Patient Characteristics

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Eclipse patient characteristics8 l.jpg

ECLIPSE Patient Characteristics

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Eclipse procedural characteristics l.jpg

ECLIPSE Procedural Characteristics

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Eclipse procedural characteristics10 l.jpg

ECLIPSE Procedural Characteristics

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Results l.jpg

Results

  • Patients in Q4 (ie, the highest SBP excursions outside a specified range) were found to be at highest risk for 30-day adverse clinical outcomes

  • The incidence of adverse outcomes increased as the AUC increased from Q1 to Q4

    • By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the 30-day risk of having an adverse clinical outcome was 8.8% Q1, 10.1% Q2, 10.1% Q3, and 14.4% Q4

    • The risk of having an event was significantly greater in the Q4 group when compared with both the Q1 group (P=0.016) and the Q1 through Q3 groups combined (P=0.012)

    • Significantly fewer patients in Q4 were treated with CLV versus the comparators (P=0.0002)

      • Q4 (CLV 157: comparators [CMP] 220) versus Qs 1 to 3 (CLV 594: CMP 536)


Summary of 30 day composite outcome in patients with perioperative hypertension l.jpg

Summary of 30-day Composite Outcome in Patients with Perioperative Hypertension

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Summary of 30 day composite outcome in patients with perioperative hypertension13 l.jpg

Summary of 30-day Composite Outcome in Patients with Perioperative Hypertension

Aronson S., et. al. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

2008 Annual Meeting. October 18–22, 2008, Orlando, FL.


Conclusions l.jpg

Conclusions

  • Cardiac surgery patients with inadequate BP control are at increased risk of 30-day death, stroke, MI, and renal dysfunction compared with patients with tight BP control

  • CLV appears to offer superior BP control in surgical patients in this clinical setting

  • CLV appears to offer superior perioperative BP control in cardiac surgery patients compared with the combined comparators SNP, NTG, and NIC as shown by the decreased number of patients in Q4 who were receiving CLV

    • This observation requires further investigation in prospective, randomized clinical trials


  • Login