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7.3.1, 7.3.3, 7.3.6. Chinese Dynasties Cornell Notes. Tang Dynasty. Objectives: 7.3.1a : Describe the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty 7.3.1b : Describe the reasons for the spread of Buddhism 7.3.3a : Analyze the influences of Confucianism [in Chinese society and government]. .

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7 3 1 7 3 3 7 3 6

7.3.1, 7.3.3, 7.3.6

Chinese Dynasties Cornell Notes


Tang dynasty

Tang Dynasty

Objectives:

7.3.1a : Describe the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty

7.3.1b : Describe the reasons for the spread of Buddhism

7.3.3a : Analyze the influences of Confucianism [in Chinese society and government].


Background
Background

  • After the fall of the Han Dynasty:

    • China became disunified

    • Life was hard

    • Buddhism entered China.

  • During the Sui and Tang dynasties, the core of China was reunified and Chinese tradition and culture were restored.


Background1
Background

  • The Tang Dynasty saw the rebirth of Confucian ideas. This “Tang Revival” was continued into the Song Dynasty.

  • Chinese culture has a strong history of following tradition.

    • Confucian, Buddhist, and Daoist belief systems (called the Three Doctrines or the Three Teachings) are some of the most important traditions in Chinese society.

      Confucianism is one belief system that heavily influenced the development of Chinese government.


Tang revival describe the reunification of china
“Tang Revival” (Describe the reunification of China)

  • 1. Reunifying the Empire

Empire expands

  • Conquer independent Chinese kingdoms

  • Conquer non-Chinese territories

    • Tibet, Manchuria, Vietnam,

    • Korea (Tributary Kingdom)


Think pair share when empires expand
Think – Pair – Share:When Empires Expand…

  • Why do empires want to expand?


Think pair share when empires expand1
Think – Pair – Share:When Empires Expand…

  • Why do empires want to expand?

    • Gaining more territory (land) means…


Think pair share when empires expand2
Think – Pair – Share:When Empires Expand…

  • Why do empires want to expand?

    • Gaining more territory (land) means…

      • More crops

      • More population

      • More money

Bigger, Better, Stronger economy

$$$


Vast empire large population
Vast empire, large population

  • 2. Connecting the Empire

Build roads and canals to connect empire

  • Trade

    • Connects North/South

    • Connects Eurasia

  • Communication

  • Imperial control strengthened





The foundations of the imperial state
The Foundations of the“Imperial State”

  • 3. Strengthening Imperial Control

  • Government = more bureaucracy

  • Imperial government expands to control local levels

  • Constant evaluations of civil servants


Scholar official class
Scholar-Official Class

  • China developed a scholar-official class

  • Scholar officials

    • higher social status

    • Function: to standardize (make everything the same):

      • Legal Codes

      • Writing

      • Patterns of thought

  • Civil Service Examinations

  • This is an example of a meritocracy - A system of government where leaders must prove their ability (talent) for their jobs

    • (merit means to be deserving/to be worthy)


  • One of the Three Doctrines (tradition)

  • Early support from imperial family

  • Travels along Silk Road

  • Monasteries

    • Social Role: schools, charity, lodging, social events

    • Economic Role: property = $$$, manor-like (production), play a banking role—tax exempt


Title song dynasty

Title: Song Dynasty

Objectives:

1. Analyze the changes in Confucian thought during the Song Dynasty.


Analyze changes in confucian thought during song dynasty
Analyze changes in Confucian thought during Song Dynasty

  • Song Dynasty

  • Confucianism EXTREMELY important during Song Dynasty

  • Civil Service Exams/Scholar-Officials

    • Many scholar-officials from upper class

      • Afford education to pass civil service exams


  • Did not control as much territory as Tang (lost the North, but prospered in the South)

  • Improved government organization – Confucianism IMPORTANT

  • Golden Age—Inventions, agriculture innovation,


Title yuan mongol dynasty

Title: Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty

7.3.3 Analyze changes in Confucian thought during Mongol period (Yuan Dynasty)

7.3.4 Understand the importance of trade between China and other civilizations.


Background2
Background

  • Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan – Largest continuous empire EVER

  • Period of Mongol control sometimes called “Mongol Ascendancy”

    • Ascendancy: Dominance in position or power


Background3
Background

  • Traditionally, China had been uninterested in blending other cultures with their own. They liked their Chinese culture.

  • The Mongols were not afraid of other cultures—they were nomads and they were used to culture blending.

  • The Mongols took over China in the 1200s, and established the first foreign dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty.


  • Yuan Dynasty

    • (1279-1368)

  • Kublai Khan

    • Established Yuan Dynasty officially in 1279

  • Mongol Government

    • Adopt many Chinese traditions

    • Also encourage other ideas (Islam, Christianity)

    • Ended civil-service exams

      • Confucianism DECLINES

      • Keeps power out of Chinese hands


  • Encouraged Trade and contact with other cultures!

    • Safer trade routes overland

    • Safer Sea trade

    • Welcomed foreigners

      • Marco Polo – From Venice, Italy published a book about his adventures in Yuan China

    • Chinese inventions spread, inventions and ideas from the West come to China


Title ming dynasty

Title: Ming Dynasty

7.3.6a : Describe the development of the Imperial State

7.3.6b : Describe the development of the scholar-official class


Background4
Background

  • A peasant leads an army that overthrows the last of the Mongol Emperors.

  • 1368 – Ming Dynasty established

  • Hongwu Emperor tries to erase all cultural traces of Mongol rule in China


Develop imperial state ending corruption return to strict chinese traditional rule
Develop Imperial State, ending corruption—return to strict Chinese traditional rule

  • Ming Dynasty

    • Hongwu Emperor (aka Ming Taizu)

    • Return to ethnic Chinese rule

  • Imperial State really develops during Ming Dynasty (more power to the emperor!!)

    • Seizing land

    • Abolishing prime minister (giving that power to emperor)

    • Secret councils

    • Builds Forbidden City

      • Built on old Mongol capital (Imperial City/Beijing)

      • Nobody can come/leave without emperor’s permission

  • Return to Confucian Scholar-Officials


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