Meeting the Needs of Homeless Students: What Every LEA Must Do. May 12, 2010 Webinar. Objectives. LEAs’ responsibilities in fulfilling legislative requirements in educating homeless students Roles and responsibilities of every LEA liaison Supplemental resources for further study and support.
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May 12, 2010
Children who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence—
Case-by-case determination …
included in Improving America’s Schools Act
(IASA). Added preschool services, greater
parental input, and emphasis on interagency
4. Ensure educational rights of unaccompanied youth
5. Ensure access to public preschool programs for young homeless children
m) The Secretary shall issue rules to establish policies and procedures to remove barriers to the enrollment and participation of homeless children in Head Start programs. Such rules shall require Head Start agencies—
(1) to implement policies and procedures to ensure that homeless children are identified and prioritized for enrollment;
(2) to allow families of homeless children to apply to, enroll in, and attend Head Start programs while required documents, such as proof of residency, immunization and other medical records, birth certificates, and other documents, are obtained within a reasonable time frame;
To allow families of homeless children to apply to, enroll in, and attend Head Start programs while required documents, such as proof of residency, immunization and other medical records, birth certificates, and other documents, are obtained within a reasonable time frame; and
(3) to coordinate individual Head Start programs with efforts to implement subtitle B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.)
Homeless children are categorically eligible for Head Start [42 U.S.C. 9840(a)(1)(B)]
Section 640 (m) (1) of the Head Start Act as amended requires that homeless children be prioritized for enrollment.
For more information about Head Start and Early Head Start please visit: www.eclkc.ohs.acf.hhs.gov
The McKinney-Vento Act states that homeless students must have access to the same educational services provided to other students. Other educational legislation that makes reference to serving homeless students include the following:
1. Review local policies and procedures that may impact homeless students, such as school enrollment and access to school programs.
2. Revise local policies determined to be potential barriers for homeless students.
3. Ensure that homeless students are identified by school personnel.
4. Ensure that homeless students enroll in, and receive equal opportunity to succeed in school.
5. Ensure that homeless families, children, and youth receive educational services for which they are eligible (free meals, Head Start, Even Start; referrals to health, mental health, dental, and other appropriate services.)
6. Ensure that parents or guardians are informed of educational and related opportunities that are available to their children and are provided meaningful opportunities to participate in their children’s education.
13. Collaborate and coordinate with state coordinators, community service providers, and school personnel responsible for the provision of services to homeless students.
14. Assist unaccompanied youth in school enrollment and placement decisions, including considering the youth’s wishes in those decisions, and providing notice to the youth of the right to appeal such decisions through the dispute resolution process.
15. Ensure that unaccompanied youth are enrolled immediately in school pending the resolution of any dispute that arises over school enrollment and placement.
16. Assist homeless students who do not have immunizations or medical records in obtaining the necessary immunizations or records.
17. Provide professional development for school district staff to build awareness of the educational needs of homeless students, legal responsibilities of the school, and local policies and procedures.
18. Provide outreach and training to community service providers and parents.
19. Oversee distribution of tutoring supplies, clothing, and other useful resources to schools.
20. Conduct a needs assessment to find out what needs to be improved in your district’s efforts to serve homeless students.
21. Conduct an evaluation of your district’s homeless education program.
NCHE is the U.S. Department of Education’s technical assistance and information center in the area of homeless education