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Respiratory System. Chris Donovan Joe Skworch Gary Resner. Bronchitis. Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. The bronchi become infected and less air is able to flow to and from the lungs, and a heavy mucus is coughed up.

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respiratory system

RespiratorySystem

Chris Donovan

Joe Skworch

Gary Resner

bronchitis
Bronchitis
  • Bronchitis is an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes.
  • The bronchi become infected and less air is able to flow to and from the lungs, and a heavy mucus is coughed up.
  • Smoking is by far the most common cause of bronchitis.
  • Close to 9 million Americans are diagnosed with bronchitis annually.
influenza
Influenza
  • It is commonly called the flu
  • Generally spreads from person-to-person when an infected person coughs or sneezes
  • Influenza can lead to severe illness if not treated quickly and effectively
  • Symptoms include fever, dry cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, headache, muscle aches, and extreme fatigue
  • Children may experience problems such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis
  • It is also known as Sarcoid or Boeck’s disease
  • It is a multi-system auto-immune disease
  • It especially involves the lungs with resulting fibrosis but can also effect the skin, liver, spleen, eyes, bones, brain, parotid glands and other soft tissue organs.
  • Not contagious
  • It can cause lifelong ailments.
  • There is no cause or cure for this disease.
slide5

Air enters through the nose and the nose hairs block dust and unwanted objects

The nasal passage warms and adds moisture to the air you breathe.

The epiglottis is a flap that closes over the trachea during swallowing preventing choking.

Esophagus

  • Air also enters through the mouth
slide6

The bronchi is a short tube that carries air from the trachea to each lung

The diaphragm is the muscles at the bottom of the chest cavity that enables breathing

Bronchioles

The trachea is a tube that carries air from the nasal chamber to bronchi

The lung is the main organ of this system. Gas exchange occurs here.

slide7

The alveolus is and air sac where gas exchange occurs between your blood and the air you breath

Capillaries are blood vessels that surround the alveoli

inhaling exhaling
Exhaling = When the diaphragm relaxes, the cavity inside your body gets smaller and your muscles squeeze your ribcage and your lungs begin to collapse as the air is pushed up and out of your body in an exhale, which reduces the air pressure in your lungs.

Inhaling = Inhaling begins when the diaphragm pulls down, and lowers the internal air pressure. When the air pressure is greater outside, you suck in the air in an inhale, which expands your lungs and increases the air pressure in your lungs.

Inhaling & Exhaling
bibliography
Bibliography

Gary

  • <http://sln.fi.edu//biosci/systems/respiration.html>.
  • <http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/5777/resp1.htm>.
  • <http://yucky.kids.discovery.com/noflash/body/pg000138.html>.
  • Grollman, Sigmund. The Human Body. 2nd. Ed. London: The Macmillan Company, 1971.
  • Kittredge, Mary. The Respiratory System. Ed. Stephen Reginald. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2000.

Chris

Kittredge, Mary. The Respiratory System. Ed. Dale C. Garell, M.D.. New York: Chelsea House, 1989.

  • <http://gened.emc.maricopa.edu/bio/bio181/BIOBK/BioBookRESPSYS.html
  • <http://www.holistichealth.com/respiratory/respiratory.html>.

http://www.northstar.k12.ak.us/schools/ryn/projects/body/respiratory/hamlin/Cari.html 

Llamas, Andreu. respiration and Circulation. Milwaukee: Gareth Stevens, 1998.

bibliography cont
Bibliography cont.

Joe

  • <http://sln.fi.edu//biosci/systems/respiration.html>.
  • <http://tqjunior.thinkquest.org/5777/respl.htm>.
  • <http://yucky,kids.discovery.com/noflash/body/pg000138.html>.
  • Bosch, Nuria R. The Respiratory System. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1994.

Silverstein, Alvin, Virginia Silverstein, and Robert Silverstein. The Respiratory System. New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc., 1994.

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