Art and knowledge. Cognitivism. Epistemic question: Can art provide knowledge? Aesthetic question: If so, does this increase its value as art? Plato and Aristotle, yes. Formalism: no. Fine (Beauty) Arts: points out to beauty, not to knowledge. Cognitivism.
Art can provide a knowledge of possibilities:Frank Palmer holds that thanks to literature we learn through imaginative imagination what it is like to be a determined person (z.B, Hamlet) Hilary Putnam, por su parte, afirma que la novela de Doris Lessing
Aristotle: poetry provides universal knowledge. Fictional reality, but coherent (truth as coherence).
Kundera: man cannot compare his life with anything else: Einmal ist keinmal.
But man can create fictional worlds in which can test this “as if” (als ob), so art is a kind of epoché that allows man to explore what could have happened in some other circumstaces or if he had taken some other decissions.Cognitivism