Sexually transmitted diseases
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases. What is sex?. Anytime another person’s genitals becomes involved, some form of sex has occurred. Each type of sexual activity puts you at risk for STDs. Sex is sex. Iredell County has over 320 teens that get pregnant each year

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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Sexually transmitted diseases

Sexually Transmitted Diseases


What is sex

What is sex?

  • Anytime another person’s genitals becomes involved, some form of sex has occurred.

  • Each type of sexual activity puts you at risk for STDs. Sex is sex.

  • Iredell County has over 320 teens that get pregnant each year

    • That is almost one every day, who will it be today?


Sexually transmitted diseases

What is abstinence?

Why is being abstinent a good idea?


The more you do physically or sexually with another person the higher your risk gets

The more you do physically or sexually with another person the higher your risk gets…

How far is too far?

Where is your line?

At what step does a person stop being abstinent and start being sexually active?


The more sexual partners the higher the risk

The more sexual partners, the higher the risk…


Std info

STD Info

  • STDs are diseases that are passed through sexual contact or in some cases intimate contact (kissing, skin to skin contact, needle sharing)

  • STDs do not just happen, one person has to infect or pass it to another, if this happens both people would now be infected with an STD, this is how so many people can get infected

  • Being abstinent, or not having sex is the only 100% way to not have an STD


What are the odds

What are the odds?

  • At least one in four Americans will contract an STD at some point in their lives.

    • It is estimated that 1 in 4 sexually active teens have an STD today!

  • Two-thirds of all STD’s occur in people 25 years of age or younger.

  • Do you think kids in college have more or less STDs than kids in middle and high school?


Where did stds come from

Where did STDs come from?

  • STDs are diseases and infections that like to grow and live in the private parts of your body

  • Some STDs can be passed to your mouth, your throat or your lips, this is why oral sex is not safe sex

  • There are over 25 diseases that can be passed through sexual activity, we will be talking about the 6 that are found the most


Sexually transmitted diseases1

There are 2 kinds of STDs

Bacterial: we can CURE

Gonorrhea

Chlamydia

Syphilis

Viral: there is NO CURE

Herpes

HPV

HIV/AIDS

There are 2 ways STDs get into your body

Through sexual fluids

Semen (fluid in males)

Vaginal Fluids (females)

Blood

Breast Milk (HIV)

Through skin contact

The disease lives in the skin of one person and passes to another persons skin through sexual contact

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STD testing is not perfect, some STDs will not have signs or symptoms (something that tells you that you are sick), just because someone looks okay on the outside does not mean they are STD free.


Std recap

If you have never been sexually active with anyone you do not have to worry about STDs today

Be aware that if you ever do decide to do anything sexual, STDs are a risk to your health

If you have ever done anything sexual with another person you may have an STD

You need to talk to your doctor, school nurse, or school counselor about being tested for these diseases

STD Recap


Contraceptives

Contraceptives

Contraceptives are devices and medication that help lower the chance that a girl will get pregnant


Pregnancy happens when

Pregnancy Happens When…

  • If sperm has a way of getting inside the vagina, pregnancy can occur

Sperm are so small that enough to populate the entire world would fit inside a thimble.


Female s reproductive system

Female’s Reproductive System

  • At the upper corners of the uterus, the fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries.

  • The ovaries are two oval-shaped organs that lie to the upper right and left of the uterus. They produce, store, and release eggs into the fallopian tubes in the process called ovulation.

  • Ova (eggs) are produced in the ovary of the female; they are formed from reproductive cells


Male s reproductive system

Male’s Reproductive System

  • Sperm cells are made in the testes where it takes about 72 days for one sperm to grow.

  • The sperm make up only about 5% of what a man ejaculates each time he ejaculates.

    • This represents about 100 to 400 million of them each time!

  • Therefore, they are very, very tiny, in fact a single sperm is the smallest cell in the body.

  • Over the course of a guy’s life, he’ll produce more than 12 trillion sperm.


Contraceptives risk reduction for pregnancy

Contraceptives: Risk Reduction for Pregnancy

  • 3 types:

    • Abstinence - No sex = No pregnancy

    • Barrier – Keep the sperm from getting to the egg

      • Male Condom, Female Condom, Vaginal Barriers

    • Hormonal – Keep the female from releasing an egg

      • Pill, Patch, Ring, Shot, IUD, Implanon

        *Typical use refers to failure rates for those whose use is not consistent or always correct.

        **Perfect use refers to failure rates for those whose use is consistent and always correct.


Contraceptive methods

Contraceptive Methods


Contraception recap

Contraception Recap

  • Nothing but abstinence is 100% effective against pregnancy or STDs

  • Using both condoms and birth control can reduce the risk associated with sex

  • Contraception only works when a person uses it correctly, and even then sometimes it can fail


Resources

To be tested for STDs

Your doctor can test you for STDs

Your doctor will charge you for the visit

Local health clinics such as the Health Department can test you for STDs

There is no charge at health clinics or Health Departments

To receive Birth Control

Your doctor can prescribe birth control for you following an exam

There would be a fee for the medicine and for the office visit

Local health clinics or the Health Department offers free Birth Control to teenagers following an free exam

Resources

Iredell County Health Department (704) 878-5300, (704) 664-5281


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