China and the new imperialism
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China and the New Imperialism. By: Melissa Dowell. The Trade Issue. Chinese rulers placed strict limits on foreign traders. Restricted to a small area around Guangzhou. Chinese sold silk, porcelain and tea for gold and silver. Balance of trade- exports more than imports.

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China and the New Imperialism

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China and the new imperialism

China and the New Imperialism

By: Melissa Dowell


The trade issue

The Trade Issue

  • Chinese rulers placed strict limits on foreign traders.

  • Restricted to a small area around Guangzhou.

  • Chinese sold silk, porcelain and tea for gold and silver.

  • Balance of trade- exports more than imports.

  • Trade deficit- buy more from a country then they sold them.


The opium war

The Opium war

  • Late 1700s British merchants found they made huge profit from opium grew in India.

  • Many Chinese got addicted to the drug. This disrupted the economy.

  • Chinese government executed drug dealers.

  • Chinese were defeated when they attacked British merchants. Their weapons were outdated.


Unequal treaties

Unequal Treaties

  • 1842, Britain made China accept the Treaty of Nanjing (give up rights to western powers).

  • Indemnity-payment for losses in the war.

  • China-forced to open 5 ports to foreign trade.

  • Extraterritoriality-the right to live under their own laws and be tried in their own courts.

  • Finally, the treaty included a “most favored nation clause.”

  • It said that if the Chinese granted rights to another nation, Britain would automatically receive the same rights.

Treaty of Nanjing signature page.


Internal pressures

Internal Pressures

  • By the 1800s, the Qing dynasty was in decline.

  • As the poverty and misery increased, the peasants started to rebel.

  • This was called the Taiping Rebellion.

  • It was the most devastating peasant revolt in history. The leader was schoolteacher Hong Xiuquan.

  • The Taiping rebels gained control of large parts of China. It also almost toppled the Qing

    dynasty.

  • An estimated 20-30 million deaths.


Self strengthening movement

Self-strengthening movement


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