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Dutch Baroque. Dutch Baroque. DUTCH FREEDOM

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Dutch Baroque

Dutch Baroque


DUTCH FREEDOM

The Dutch succeeded in securing their independence from the Spanish in the late sixteenth century. Not until 1648, however, after years of continual border skirmishes with the Spanish were the northern Netherlands officially recognized as the United Provinces of the Netherlands ( The Dutch Republic ).

DUTCH MONEY

Amsterdam had the highest per capita income in Europe. That city emerged as the financial center of Europe, having founded the Bank of Amsterdam in 1609.

DUTCH GOVERNMENT

Due to this prosperity and the absence of an absolute ruler, political power increasingly passed into the hands of an urban patrician class of merchants and manufacturers, especially in cities such as Amsterdam, Haarlem, and Delft. That these bustling cities were all located in Holland ( the largest of the seven United Provinces ) perhaps explains why the name “Holland” is used informally to refer to the entire country.

DUTCH RELIGION

While Spain and the southern Netherlands were Catholic, the northern Netherlands were predominantly Protestant. The prevailing Calvinism demanded a puritanical rejection of art in churches, and thus artists produced relatively little religious art in the Dutch Republic at this time (especially when compared to areas dominated by Catholicism in the wake of the Counter- Reformation.)


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Plebian Portraits

Landscapes

Genre Paintings

Still Lifes



Frans Hals, Banquet of the Officers ofthe St George Militia Company, 1616.


Frans Hals.Officers and Sergeants of the St Hadrian Civic Guard. c. 1633.


Frans Hals.The Governors Of The Old Mena Almhouse At Haarlem, 1664.


Frans Hals

Buffoon (Jester) Playing A Lute

1623


Frans Hals

The Laughing Cavalier

1624


Frans Hals

The Laughing Child

1620-1625


Frans Hals

The Jolly Toper(or The Merry Drinker)

1628-1630


Frans Hals

Lute Player WithWine Glass

1626.


Frans Hals

Portrait of Rene Descartres

c1649.


Rembrandt van Rijn

Self-Portrait

1660


Rembrandt van Rijn, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632.


Rembrandt van Rijn

The Nightwatch

1642

Not your typical group portrait…

The Militia Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and of Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburgh is more commonly known as Night Watch. This common title is , however, as misnomer- Night Watch is not a nocturnal scene.


Rembrandt van Rijn, The Syndics of the Clothmaker's Guild (The Staalmeesters) 1662.


Judith Leyster

Self-Portrait

1630


Judith Leyster

A Boy and a Girl with a Cat and an Eel

c1635


Judith Leyster

Man Offering A Woman Money

1631


Judith Leyster

Boy Playing a Flute

1630


Jan Steen

The Feast of St. Nicholas

c. 1660-65

Oil on canvas


Jan Vermeer

The LaceMaker

1665-1670


Jan Vermeer

Allegory of the Art of Painting

1670


Jan Vermeer

The Letter

1630


Jan Vermeer

The Music Lesson

1662-1665


Jan Vermeer

Young Woman with a Water Pitcher

c1665


Jan Vermeer

The Guitar Player

1670


Jan Vermeer

The Kitchenmaid

c1658


Jan Vermeer

Girl With a Pearl Earring

1665


Willem Claez Heda

Still Life with Oysters, c. 1640s


Pieter Claesz,Still Life with a Skull and a Writing Quill, 1628.


Willem Claez Heda

Still Life with Tobacco, Wine and Pocket Watch , 1637.


Willem Claez Heda

Banquet Piece with Mince Pie, 1635 .


Jan van Goyen, View of Dordrecht from the Dordtse Kil, 1644


Jakob Van Ruisdael,Benthein Castle, 1653.


Salomon van Ruisdael,View of Deventer Seen from the North-West, 1657.


Jan Vermeer,View of Delft, c1661.


Jakob Ruisdael,Landscape With Church and Village, 1665-70.


Jacob van Ruisdael, Windmill at Wijk-bij-Duurst-ede, c1665.


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