PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING. PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING. Specificity Overload Progression Reversibility. SPECIFICITY. The training must be suitable to the particular sport or aspect of fitness. OVERLOAD. Making the body work harder to improve it (F.I.T.T.). PROGRESSION.
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Having a high aerobic fitness level means
Creates muscle overload safely and gradually.
Can use free weight or specialist machines to target specific muscles
Individual training programmes can be designed
Need to work with partner when using free standing weights
Increased risk of injury from lifting a weight that is too heavyWeight trainingImproves muscle strength and tone
Can be designed to suit any activity
Individual pace can be set
Can be set up almost anywhere
Less boring because all exercises are different
Can accommodate a large number of people in a small area.
Can take time to set up
People can get in each others way if circuit is busyCIRCUIT TRAINING
Can mix aerobic and anaerobic exercise
Easy to see when an athlete isn’t trying
Hard to keep going
Can be boringINTERVAL TRAININGAlternating short near maximum bursts of speed with times of rest /mild exercise
Good for sports that need different paces like football and basketball
Easily changed to suit an individual or a particular sport
Difficult to see how hard the person is training
Too easy to skip the hard bits if you can’t be botheredFARTLEK TRAININGChanges in intensity and type of exercise without stopping
Needs only a small amount of easy to use equipment
Good for aerobic fitness and using up body fat
Can be really boring
Doesn’t improve sprinting so not ideal for many gamesCONTINUOUS TRAININGInvolves exercising at a constant rate doing activities like running or cycling/ no resting
A drug is a chemical substance that affects the body systems
Wide hips, lots of fat on body arms and legs but ankles and wrists are relatively slim
Sports – Sumo wrestler need strength, weight and low centre of gravity so they have strong endomorph and mesomorph features