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TOEFL IBT. Independent Speaking Tasks. Task 1. Independent Description Expository Response. Task 1 - General. 2 types of description A noun of personal importance Ex. – Describe a place that is important to you. The ideal qualities of a noun Ex. – Describe the qualities of a good parent

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TOEFL IBT

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Toefl ibt

TOEFL IBT

Independent Speaking Tasks


Task 1

Task 1

Independent Description

Expository Response


Task 1 general

Task 1 - General

  • 2 types of description

    • A noun of personal importance

      • Ex. – Describe a place that is important to you.

    • The ideal qualities of a noun

      • Ex. – Describe the qualities of a good parent

  • Expository response – explain and describe

  • Support with details from your own experience and knowledge

  • After you read the question, you have 15 seconds to prepare and 45 seconds to respond


Strategy 1 prepare to describe a variety of nouns

Strategy 1 – Prepare to describe a variety of nouns


Strategy 2 be specific

Strategy 2 – Be specific

  • The prompt for task 1 is purposefully vague. It is expected that you focus the response yourself.

  • Ex. – Describe a holiday that is important to you.

    During this holiday, no one works or goes

    to school. I try to relax and also to visit

    my family and friends. I always sleep on a

    day off. Normally I wake up early for school,

    so on this day I sleep longer.

    What is wrong with this response?


Strategy 3 organize your ideas

Strategy 3- Organize your ideas

  • First sentence should be your thesis / main idea

  • 2-3 traits with specific details to support

  • Organize outline quickly

  • Ex. – Hllwn

    • Scary – mov , dec, h house

    • Fun – trick or treat w friends, prty, games

    • Cost – Ms. Piggy


Strategy 4 use concrete detail

Strategy 4 – Use concrete detail

  • My friend Bill is a patient and kind man. This is why I like him so much. His patience makes him a good friend because patient people are comfortable. Also, he is kind. Kind means nice and I like nice people. Kindness is an important quality.

  • My friend Bill is a patient and kind man. This is why I like him so much. Whenever we go somewhere, like the movies, he never worries about being late and never asks me to hurry up or to ignore anything. One time Bill stood calmly by the door while I looked frantically for my car keys. I threw books and cushions in the air, and Bill never complained. His patience makes him a good friend and also his kindness.


Strategy 5 describe more than appearance when appropriate

Strategy 5 – Describe more than appearance when appropriate


Strategy 6 use actions and events as supporting details

Strategy 6 – Use actions and events as supporting details

  • My old basketball coach from high school was very supportive, and that’s why I liked her so much. I mean, she supported us a lot. We always got a lot of help from her and this made her a good teacher.

  • My old basketball coach from high school was very supportive, and that’s why I liked her so much. She supported us a lot. For example, she would always comment on our throwing or ball handling. If we missed the net a lot, she demonstrated techniques and worked with each player. When I first started, I was terrible at defense, but she taught me how to block shots and steal the ball. Also, she gave us emotional support. My friend’s parents died during our last year, and the coach talked and listened to my friend.


Strategy 7 metaphors and similes

Strategy 7 – Metaphors and Similes

  • Using metaphors and similes can express a complicated, complex idea in a concise way

  • Ex. – My sister is an angel.

    I was drowning in homework.

    It smells like old garbage.

    It smells like flowers booming in spring.


Strategy 8 explain the noun s importance or your choice of characteristics

Strategy 8 – Explain the noun’s importance or your choice of characteristics.

  • My friend Bill is a very tall man and also very funny. He has to buy his clothes at a special store because most stores don’t have his size. Sometimes he even hits his head on the ceiling. Also, he tells a lot of jokes. He makes people laugh and always has funny stories. Bill has a great sense of humor.

  • My friend Bill is important to me because of his patience and generosity. First, Bill is always patient. He almost never gets angry and has saved the day more than once. One time, while we were camping, we had difficulty putting up our tent. Bill never got frustrated and he managed to finish just before the sun set. That was a close call! Also, Bill is very generous. For example, he bought the tent we used to go camping and he never asked me to pay him back. Bill’s qualities make him a great friend and I’ll always want him in my life.


Strategy 9 be logical but subjective

Strategy 9 – Be logical but subjective

Objective

Subjective

  • I enjoy volleyball because the cardiovascular exercise reduces the chances of a heart attack.

  • This response may be true but is unnecessarily impersonal.

  • I enjoy volleyball because it is a group activity and a non-contact sport.

  • This response shows your personality of preferring group activities and non-contact sports.


Practice

Practice

Choose a person from your childhood. State why that person was significant to you. Give details and examples to support your choice.

15 seconds to organize

45 seconds to respond


Speaking task 2

Speaking Task 2

Independent Opinion

Persuasive Response


Strategy 1 be familiar with possible topics

Strategy 1 – Be familiar with possible topics


Strategy 2 organize your ideas

Strategy 2- Organize your ideas

  • First sentence should be your thesis / main idea

  • 2-3 reasons with specific details to support

  • Organize outline quickly

  • Ex. – X TV espyng child 5 brndev

    • Play – physdev, imag,

    • Interact – prnts, peer, socdev


Strategy 3 clear definite opinion

Strategy 3 – Clear definite opinion

  • The purpose of this task is to test your ability to defend an opinion in speech. To make it easier to defend and to avoid confusion, decide to support or oppose and do so strongly.

  • Avoid neutral or mixed opinions. Pointing out how the other side may have correct or good points weakens your argument. Be clear about which side you are arguing.


Strategy 4 use language of opinion

Strategy 4 – Use language of opinion

  • I believe that…

  • I feel that…

  • I argue that…

  • It’s my strong opinion that…

  • It’s my firm opinion that…

  • It’s impossible to deny that…

  • It’s clear that…

  • I support…

  • I think that…

  • From my point of view,…

  • There’s no doubt that…

  • I have no doubt that…

  • What I think is that…

  • What I believe is that…

  • I’d have to say that…

  • I agree that…

  • I disagree that…

  • I oppose…


Strategy 5 use cohesive devices to organize

Strategy 5 - Use cohesive devices to organize

  • First…

  • One reason is…

  • My first reason is…

  • The best thing about ______ is…

  • The worst part of _______ is…

  • The most important issue is …

  • Another reason is…

  • My second reason is…

  • Another advantage is…

  • Another benefit is…

  • This is because…

  • That is why I…

  • Second…


Strategy 6 be specific

Strategy 6 – Be specific

  • Example –

    equipment camping equipment

    construction equipment

    exercise equipment

    medical equipment


Strategy 7 respond logically and objectively

Strategy 7 – Respond logically and objectively

  • The city should build a new movie theater in my area because I enjoy movies and I don’t like to travel far.

  • Subjective answers make weak arguments

  • The city should build a new movie theater in my area because everyone needs more activities and children will be safer if they don’t have to travel far.

  • An objective argument that focuses on the benefits of other people and not just the speaker makes a stronger argument.


Practice1

Practice

In many countries, the government practices censorship of television programs. Do you support this practice or not? Give specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

15 seconds to organize

45 seconds to respond


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