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Causes of World War I. Background. Balance of Power. For many years Europe was moderately stable because of complicated alliance systems The major European nations attempted to remain of equal strength militarily and in their alliances. Militarism. Building up of armies

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Balance of power
Balance of Power

  • For many years Europe was moderately stable because of complicated alliance systems

  • The major European nations attempted to remain of equal strength militarily and in their alliances


Militarism
Militarism

  • Building up of armies

  • Naval arms race between Germany and Britain

  • Britain had the best navy in the world

  • Race to build Dreadnaughts and Dreadnaught cruisers

  • The race became competitive and eventually Germany lost- B had 38 and G had 24


Dreadnaught
Dreadnaught

17,900 tons; 526 ft in length; ten 12 inch guns; eighteen 4 inch guns; five torpedo tubes; max belt armour 11 inches; top speed of 21.6 knots


Alliances
Alliances

  • Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy

  • Triple Entente or Allies: France, Britain and Russia


Nationalism
Nationalism

  • Important because the Balkans had many different ethnic groups who didn’t want to be part of Austria Hungary- wanted their own country

  • Balkans is know as the powder keg of Europe


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