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La Plata Basin (LPB) Regional Hydroclimate Project E. Hugo Berbery (UMD)

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La Plata Basin (LPB) Regional Hydroclimate Project E. Hugo Berbery (UMD) Luiz Augusto Machado (CPTEC). Land cover/ Land use changes. Biomass Burning. Floods –Remote effects. NDVI changes 1980-2000. LPB’s web site: http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/lpb. LPB main science questions:

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slide1

La Plata Basin (LPB)

Regional Hydroclimate Project

E. Hugo Berbery (UMD)

Luiz Augusto Machado (CPTEC)

Land cover/

Land use changes

Biomass Burning

Floods –Remote effects

NDVI changes

1980-2000

LPB’s web site: http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/lpb

slide2

LPB main science questions:

  • What climatological and hydrological factors determine the frequency and spatial extent of floods and droughts? 
  • How predictable is the regional weather and climate variability and how predictable are their impacts on the hydrological, agricultural and social systems of the basin?
  • What are the impacts of global climate change and land use change on regional weather, climate, hydrology and agriculture? To what extent can their impacts be predicted?
slide3

LPB Projects

Multiple Regional Projects

-Mesonet, Flux Towers in San Luis, AR

-Flux Tower in Cruz Alta, BR;

-Several other projects (including regional collaborations)

CLARIS - LPBA Europe-South America Network for Climate Change Assessment and Impact Studies

IAI

Ecosystems, Biodiversity,

Land Use and Cover, and

Water Resources

NASA

Remote Sensing/Data assimilation - Capacity Building

CIC-GEF

Framework Program for the

sustainable management of the

La Plata Basin water resources,

in relation to climate variability

and change

a europe south america network for climate change assessment and impact studies in la plata basin
A Europe-South America Network forClimate Change Assessment and Impact Studiesin La Plata Basin
  • The CLARIS LPB Project aims at
  • - Predicting the regional climate change impacts on the La Plata Basin
      • - Designing adaptation strategies for:
      • Land-use
      • Agriculture cropping systems
      • Rural development
      • Hydropower production
      • River transportation
      • Water resources
      • Ecological systems in wetlands

7 th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

slide5

SMHI

UEA

MPI

ZALF

IRD

CNRS

UNIGE

CMCC

CESI RICERCA

UNIBO

UCLM

11/7

CLARIS LPB PARTNERS

INPE

USP

UFSC

UFPR

CONICET

UBA

INTA

INA

UR

CLARIS LPB

- 10 countries, 20 institutions -

9/3

Courtesy of Anna Sorensson

slide6

CLARIS LPB Four Major Tasks

Improving the description and understanding of decadal climate variability for short-term regional climate change projections (2010-2040).

Improving the prediction capacityof climate change and its impacts in the region, through an ensemble of coordinated regional climate scenarios in order to quantify the amplitude and sources of uncertainties in LPB future climate at two time horizons:  2010-2040 for adaptation strategies and 2070-2100 for assessment of long-range impacts.

Designing adaptation strategies to regional scenarios of climate change impacts. through a multi-disciplinary research and trans-sectorial (i.e. with public and private actors) approach

Involving and integrating stakeholders in the design of adaptation strategies through an interactive and communicative process, ensuring their dissemination to public, private and governmental policy-makers.

slide7

IAI Cooperative Research Network:

The Impact of Land Cover and Land Use Changes on the Hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin

Participants

Univ Maryland (US)

Univ Washington (US)

NASA (US)

Univ Florida (US)

Univ Miami (US)

Univ Almeria (SP)

INPE/CPTEC (BR)

Univ San Luis (AR)

Univ Catol Asuncion (PY)

U Passo Fundo (BR)

Univ Sao Paulo (BR)

U Buenos Aires/Agronomy (AR)

UBA/Sociology (AR)

CIMA (AR)

slide8

Cooperative Research network:

The Impact of Land Cover and Land Use Changes on the Hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin

Assess the impact of LCLU changes on the hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin, and the physical mechanisms by which the impacts take effect.

Investigate the role of LCLU changes in the intensity and length of extreme events (floods and droughts).

Investigate the potential changes in the hydrological character (soil moisture, infiltration, and runoff) of the La Plata Basin due to the changes in LCLU.

Evaluate yield forecasts based on the combination of climate regional circulation models with crop models

slide9

Monitoring of seasonal conditions

* Activities being carried out at operational centers

CPC - CPTEC - SMN(AR)

* And by other non operational groups

MASTER (USP)- UMD

All links are available from the LPB web site

http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/lpb/

To be added: IRI

(An LPB-IRI cooperation agreement has been signed)

slide10

Example 1: CPC/NCEP/NOAA

Basin averages, 180-day accumulated P (% of normal)

16NOV07 – 13MAY08

1MAR08 – 16AUG08

slide11

Example 2: Products at CPTEC/INPE

Basin forecasts

Ensemble Forecasts

slide13

NASA Water Management Program

Capacity Building Activities for Latin America

  • “Initiate capacity building programs to develop tools for using remote sensing data in support of water management, and to show the value of Earth observations generally in water resource management. The program will be initiated in Latin America”
  • The NASA Water Management Program may assist with LPB activities. This may include:
  • Assist with workshop support including the training of students;
  • Assist with access and application of NASA satellite and modeling products; and
  • Travel support to meetings including visits to the US.
slide14

THE INTERNATIONAL SUMMER SCHOOL ON

LAND COVER CHANGE AND HYDROCLIMATE OF THE LA PLATA BASIN

Itaipú Technological Park (PTI)

Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná State, Brazil

2-13 November 2009

Presentation prepared by:

Hugo Berbery (UMD) and Dirceu Herdies (CPTEC/INPE)

slide15

1. Regional modeling and Hydrological modeling

2. Land-atmosphere interactions and feedbacks

3. Ecosystems, land cover/land use

4. Land Data assimilation systems

5. Satellite products and their input in data assimilation systems

6. The hydroclimate of the La Plata basin

slide17

Main goals of the Summer School

To present the physical basis of the hydroclimate of the La Plata Basin in South America following an interdisciplinary approach

To examine current research methods being employed, link to related activities at operational centers, and train the students in practical tools (software and data) that they will need for their future research

slide18

Students’ distribution by countries

About 100 students applied; 42 were accepted

All students received support

Given the large number of candidates, the vacancies had to be increased from 30 to 42, distributed by country as follows:

slide19

Useful URLs

  • http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/lpb
  • http://www.cicplata.org
  • http://www.cptec.inpe.br/lpb
  • http://www.atmos.umd.edu/~berbery/lpb
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