Drug Abuse Education Course. Master Sgt. Doug Oswald Assistant Drug Demand Reduction Administrator. Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant derived in 1932 from amphetamine, a drug synthesized in the early 1900s. Effects the natural chemicals adrenalin, seratonin and dopamine.
Drug Abuse Education Course
Master Sgt. Doug Oswald
Assistant Drug Demand Reduction Administrator
Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant derived in 1932 from amphetamine, a drug synthesized in the early 1900s.
Effects the natural chemicals adrenalin, seratonin and dopamine.
Has surpassed crack and cocaine in some areas as the synthetic drug of choice.
Methamphetamine has become a huge problem in America do to the increased legal, medical and social costs to local communities.
0.2% of the population, 512,000, are current meth users.
0.5% used meth at least once in the past year.
4.3% used meth at least once in their life.
Made in illegal labs and smuggled into the U.S. by Mexican criminal organizations.
Can be snorted, injected, smoked or swallowed.
Users can get addicted quickly and become very violent.
They may experience feelings of paranoia, psychosis, schizophrenia, obsessive behavior, and hallucinations in the form of “crack bugs” which result in obsessive picking of the skin.
Powder cocaine highs start in 8 minutes and last about an hour.
Crack highs start in 8 seconds and last 20 minutes.
A meth high can start in 5 seconds and last from 8 to 12 hours.
Binge users try to retain the high for as long as possible by re-dosing.
When a user crashes, they’ll sleep for days and may not return to normal for weeks.
Withdrawal symptoms can last for months.
Signs of overdose include convulsions and agitation.
Anxiety & restlessness
Pupil dilation and blurred vision
Increased respiratory rate
Increased heart rate and blood pressure
Heart attack & stroke
Hyperthermia and convulsions
Many toxic chemicals are used in making meth resulting in environmental contamination.
The production of one pound of meth releases poisonous gas and creates 5-7 pounds of toxic waste.
The toxic waste gets poured down drains or dumped on the ground.
One out of every six meth labs is discovered when it explodes or starts on fire.
Because of the hazardous materials used in making meth, it can cost $29,000, or more, to clean up a lab.
Some Minnesota counties spend over $500,000 annually to clean meth labs and meth waste.
Cleanup crews must wear protective clothing and use breathing apparatus.
2001: 1542002: 242
2003: 3012004: 96
4 years later
Meth addict, early 30s
Meth addict, late 30s
3 months later
8 months later
Meth addict, age 20
Meth addict, age 28
4 months later
3.5 years later
Meth addict, age 39
What’s the Cost?
2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings
Department of Health and Human Services,
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,
Office of Applied Studies