Sex gender culture
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 27

Sex, Gender & Culture PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 98 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Sex, Gender & Culture. Males & Females. Facts that separate these two groups are carried out largely among all species Different reproductive organs. Sex, Gender & Culture. No society we know treats females and males exactly the same Females usually have fewer advantages to males

Download Presentation

Sex, Gender & Culture

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Sex gender culture

Sex, Gender & Culture


Males females

Males & Females

  • Facts that separate these two groups are carried out largely among all species

  • Different reproductive organs


Sex gender culture1

Sex, Gender & Culture

  • No society we know treats females and males exactly the same

    • Females usually have fewer advantages to males

  • Gender Concepts

    • U.S. & many western societies

      • Only two genders

        • Assigned at birth based on external biological attributes

      • Not all individuals feel comfortable with their gender assignments


Male female division

Male-Female Division

  • Very common cross-culturally

  • Cheyenne Native Americans of the Great Plains recognize a third gender

    • Referred to by as “two spirits”

    • Usually biological males

      • Gender status of a “two spirit” was often recognized after a boy finished his vision quest

      • During pre adolescent years


Two spirits

Two-Spirits

  • Wear women’s dress

  • Take on many activities of a woman

  • May even be taken as a second wife by a man

  • Unknown if they engaged in sexual activities

  • Role of a “Two Spirit” person was not equivalent to becoming a woman

    • Two spirit females are rare

      • Have occurred in a number of Native American populations such as the Kasha of Yukon Territory, the Klamath of Southern Oregon, and the Mohave of the Colorado River


  • The oman

    The Oman

    • Arab state in southwest Asia on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest.


    Oman xaniths

    Oman Xaniths

    • Anatomically male

    • Speak of themselves as women

    • Have own distinct dress


    Sex gender culture

    • Males

    • Wear white

    • Short hair

    • Women

    • Wear bright colors & patterns

    • Long hair

    • Secluded in house

    • Can only leave house with husbands permission

    • Xaniths

    • Wears unpatterned pastels

    • Mid-length hair

    • Free to come & go from household

    • May serve as servant

    • May serve as prostitute


    Xaniths cont

    Xaniths Cont.

    • Gender role is not necessarily forever

    • May decide to marry

      • Considered a “man” if marriage is consumated


    Physique physiology

    Physique & Physiology

    • Wider pelvis

    • Larger proportion of weight in fat

    • Typically taller

    • Heavier skeleton

    • Larger proportion of weight in muscle

    • Greater grip strength

    • Larger heart & lungs

    • Greater aerobic capacity

    WOMEN

    MEN


    Men v women

    Men v. Women

    • North American culture tends to view “taller” and “more muscular” as better…

      This may reflect a bias toward males


    Natural selection s role in physique physiology

    Natural Selection’s Role in Physique & Physiology

    • Natural selection: The process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring.

    • Women grow taller sooner

      • Bear children

        • Less ultimate height so that the nutritional needs of a fetus would not compete

        • With a growing mother’s needs.


    Gender roles productive domestic activities

    Gender Roles: Productive & Domestic Activities

    • all societies assign or divide labor somewhat differently between males and females


    Strength theory

    Strength Theory

    • Focuses on the generally greater strength of males and their superior capacity to mobilize their strength in quick bursts of energy


    Compatability with child care

    Compatability-with-Child-Care

    • Emphasis on women’s tasks needed to be compatible with child care

      • WHY

    • Males can take care of infants

    • Most traditional societies rely on breast feeding


    Sex gender culture

    Chaz Bono

    Portia de Rossi

    Ricky Martin

    Tyler Clementi

    Ted Haggard


    Gender roles cont

    Gender Roles Cont.

    • In most societies women breast feed infants for two years on average

    • Women’s tasks may be those that do not take them far from home for long

      • Tasks that do not place children in potential danger

      • Tasks that can be stopped and resumed if an infant needs care


    Compatibility with child care cont

    Compatibility-With-Child-Care Cont.

    • There are practically no universal female only roles/activities because of the need for nursing and child care

    • Also explain why men perform

      • Hunting

      • Fishing

      • Collecting honey

      • Lumbering

      • Mining

        • Tasks are dangerous for infants

        • Difficult to coordinate with child care


    Why do men almost always

    Why do men almost always….

    • Perform soil preparation for planting

    • Make objects out of wood/bone

      • These are all tasks that could be stopped to tend a child

        • SO WHY???


    Economy of effort theory

    Economy-of-Effort Theory

    • Helps explain what cannot readily be explained by the strength and compatibility theories

    • May be advantageous for men to make wooden musical instruments because men generally lumber

      • More knowledge

      • Know physical properties of wood


    Eoe theory cont

    EoE Theory Cont

    • It would be advantageous for one gender to perform tasks that are physically located near each other

    • Women have to be near home to take care of nursing and young children

    • Economical for them to perform chores near home


    Expendability theory

    Expendability Theory

    • Suggests that men, rather than women, will tend to the dangerous work in a society

      • Loss of men is less disadvantageous reproductively than loss of women


    Critics of strength theory

    Critics of Strength Theory

    • Point out that women in some societies do engage in very heavy labor

    • If women in these areas can develop the strength to do such work, perhaps strength is more a function of training


    Critics of compatibility theory

    Critics of Compatibility Theory

    • Suggests labor is divided to conform to the requirements of child care

    • However, women who spend a good deal of time in agricultural work have others watch their children

      • Wet nurses


  • Login