Taking Control of Your Diabetes. Sara Schwager Patricia Eusterbrock. Agenda. 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes Frequently Asked Questions About Diabetes. 4 Steps to Control Your Diabetes. Step 1: Learn about diabetes Step 2: Know your diabetes ABC s Step 3: Manage your diabetes
A for the A1C test
B for Blood pressure
C for Cholesterol
Can I get diabetes from being around someone who has diabetes?
No. Diabetes is not contagious and cannot be caught from someone else. Although we do not know the exact cause of diabetes, it appears that some genetic (passed down from your parents) and lifestyle factors can help lead to diabetes.
Does having diabetes mean that I can't eat sweet foods such as candy or desserts?
No. People with diabetes can eat sweets as long as they are following a healthy lifestyle including diet and exercise. Of course, this means limiting the amounts one eats to that of a well-balanced diet, which should be followed by all people, NOT just those with diabetes.
Can I develop diabetes if I eat too much sugar?
No. Diabetes is caused by a number of genetic (passed down from your parents) and lifestyle factors. Being overweight, however, does increase your risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. For that reason, it is recommended that people with a family history of diabetes exercise regularly, eat foods that are low in fact and also reduce the number of calories one eats to help to lose weight.
Should I be on a special diabetic diet?
There is no one "diabetic" diet. It is important, however, that you do follow a healthy meal plan. This means eating foods that are low in fat (especially saturated and trans fat), moderate in salt and sugar, that have a variety of whole grain foods, vegetables and fruits. There is no advantage to eating foods that are labeled as "diabetic" or "dietetic" versions and they may be more expensive or cause changes in bowel habits.
Do I need to limit the amount of foods that I eat that are high in starch such as bread, pasta and potatoes?
Starches are one of the main food groups and are needed in any well-balanced diet. The important thing to remember is portions. Most healthy diets recommend 6-11 portions of whole grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice and starchy vegetables like potatoes, yams, peas and corn every day.
Am I more likely to get a cold or other illness than someone without diabetes?
No. Having diabetes does not make you more likely to get colds or become ill. Having a cold can, however, prevent you from eating properly which can lead to changes in your blood glucose levels. Diabetes can also make your immune system more vulnerable to severe cases of the flu and, therefore, people with diabetes are encourage to get a yearly flu shot.
Why is it important for me to exercise with diabetes?
Moderate intensity physical activity such as walking briskly, mowing the lawn, swimming, or bicycling can help lower your blood glucose, weight and blood pressure as well as raise your "good" cholesterol (HDL) and lower your "bad" cholesterol (LDL). It may also reduce the risk of heart disease and nerve damage which often occur with diabetes. People with diabetes should perform moderate intensity physical activity for 30 minutes per day at least 5 times a week.