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Unrest in Russia. Chapter 10.4. Russian Society. Autocracy – government by one ruler with unlimited power Serfs – people who were considered part of the land they work on and were ruled by lords Technically they weren’t slaves Living conditions & treatment were much like slavery.

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unrest in russia

Unrest in Russia

Chapter 10.4

russian society
Russian Society
  • Autocracy – government by one ruler with unlimited power
  • Serfs – people who were considered part of the land they work on and were ruled by lords
    • Technically they weren’t slaves
    • Living conditions & treatment were much like slavery
secret societies
Secret Societies
  • Decembrist Revolt
    • Included many military officers
    • Publically refused to declare allegiance to the new czar
  • Nicholas I crushed the revolt
    • Some sent to Siberia
    • 5 were executed
  • Revolt failed at first, but did begin

a movement that grew in the years


alexander ii
Alexander II
  • Came to power at the end of the Crimean War (which many saw as a Russian defeat)
    • Showed Russia how far behind they were compared to other European nations.
alexander ii1
Alexander II
  • Reforms
    • Freed serfs & gave them the right to own land
    • Tried to build a market economy
    • New judicial system
    • Some local self-government
    • Reorganized the Russian army & navy
  • Still people wanted more change & Alexander II was assassinated in 1881.
notes break
Notes Break
  • Hand out “Dead Souls” by Nikolai Gogol
  • Need a volunteer to look up vocabulary words.
  • Pronunciations:
    • Sobakevitch So-bak-uh-vitch
    • Tchitchikov Chit-che-kov
    • Mihyeev Mey-eev
    • Probka Stepan Prob-kuh Step-an
    • Rouble roo-ble
alexander iii
Alexander III
  • Son of Alexander II
  • Ended the reforms of his father
  • Attempted to squash individuals & groups suspected of plotting against the govt.
alexander iii1
Alexander III
  • Pogroms – organized persecutions and massacres of Jews in Russia in the 1880s
    • Jews were wrongly blamed for Alexander II’s assassination
    • Alexander III did nothing to stop this
nicholas ii
Nicholas II
  • Industrialization developed rapidly
  • Trans-Siberian RR – linked western Russia with Siberia
    • Eventually led to conflict and war
marxists in russia
Marxists in Russia
  • Some Russians wanted to create a socialist republic (according to Marx’s theories)
    • Society in which there would be no private property
    • The state would collectively own and distribute goods
  • Vladimir Lenin (a Marxist)
    • Called for the overthrow of the czar
    • “the shame and curse of Russia”
priestly petitions
Priestly Petitions
  • (1905) Father Gapon planned to bring a petition to the czar at the Winter Palace.
    • Listed a number of demands for change
  • When protesters neared the palace

troops fired at the group &

hundreds died.

  • This day came to be known as Bloody Sunday
think pair share

Bloody Sunday

  • Page 333 in text

(Think – jot down in your notes)

  • Why paint this scene? Why is it important?

(Pair & Share)

  • How would you describe the expressions and body language of the people shown?
  • What statement did Makovsky make by titling the painting Death in Snow?
bloody sunday
Bloody Sunday
  • Inspired people to rise up against the czar
  • Rebellions broke out all through cities & the country side
  • Workers went on strike, students protested, peasants rebelled against landlords
    • Some 2 million workers protested which shut down the RR system
the october manifesto
The October Manifesto
  • An official promise for reform (issued by Nicholas II)
    • Promised a Russian constitution
    • Individual liberties to all Russians (freedom of speech & assembly)
    • Right to vote
Duma – an assembly that would approve all laws of Russia
    • Voters elected representatives to serve on the Duma
Nicholas II promised not to pass any laws that did not go through the Duma
  • 1906 Duma’s 1st meeting was dissolved by Nicholas II because they made too many demands
  • Russian Expansion - map
  • Karl Marx - bio
  • Finish other handouts:
    • Giuseppe Verdi - bio
    • National Song of Hungary 1848 -

The Rise of Russian Nationalism

exit slip
Exit Slip
  • Identify the causes and effects of the Russian Revolution of 1905.
break time
~Break Time~
  • War & Peace
  • Look in the text on page 335.
  • Read the excerpt.
  • Class discussion and interpretation