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Unrest in Russia. Chapter 10.4. Russian Society. Autocracy – government by one ruler with unlimited power Serfs – people who were considered part of the land they work on and were ruled by lords Technically they weren’t slaves Living conditions & treatment were much like slavery.

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Unrest in Russia

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Unrest in russia

Unrest in Russia

Chapter 10.4

Russian society

Russian Society

  • Autocracy – government by one ruler with unlimited power

  • Serfs – people who were considered part of the land they work on and were ruled by lords

    • Technically they weren’t slaves

    • Living conditions & treatment were much like slavery

Secret societies

Secret Societies

  • Decembrist Revolt

    • Included many military officers

    • Publically refused to declare allegiance to the new czar

  • Nicholas I crushed the revolt

    • Some sent to Siberia

    • 5 were executed

  • Revolt failed at first, but did begin

    a movement that grew in the years


Alexander ii

Alexander II

  • Came to power at the end of the Crimean War (which many saw as a Russian defeat)

    • Showed Russia how far behind they were compared to other European nations.

Alexander ii1

Alexander II

  • Reforms

    • Freed serfs & gave them the right to own land

    • Tried to build a market economy

    • New judicial system

    • Some local self-government

    • Reorganized the Russian army & navy

  • Still people wanted more change & Alexander II was assassinated in 1881.

Notes break

Notes Break

  • Hand out “Dead Souls” by Nikolai Gogol

  • Need a volunteer to look up vocabulary words.

  • Pronunciations:

    • SobakevitchSo-bak-uh-vitch

    • TchitchikovChit-che-kov

    • MihyeevMey-eev

    • Probka StepanProb-kuh Step-an

    • Roubleroo-ble

Alexander iii

Alexander III

  • Son of Alexander II

  • Ended the reforms of his father

  • Attempted to squash individuals & groups suspected of plotting against the govt.

Alexander iii1

Alexander III

  • Pogroms – organized persecutions and massacres of Jews in Russia in the 1880s

    • Jews were wrongly blamed for Alexander II’s assassination

    • Alexander III did nothing to stop this

Nicholas ii

Nicholas II

  • Industrialization developed rapidly

  • Trans-Siberian RR – linked western Russia with Siberia

    • Eventually led to conflict and war

Marxists in russia

Marxists in Russia

  • Some Russians wanted to create a socialist republic (according to Marx’s theories)

    • Society in which there would be no private property

    • The state would collectively own and distribute goods

  • Vladimir Lenin (a Marxist)

    • Called for the overthrow of the czar

    • “the shame and curse of Russia”

Priestly petitions

Priestly Petitions

  • (1905) Father Gapon planned to bring a petition to the czar at the Winter Palace.

    • Listed a number of demands for change

  • When protesters neared the palace

    troops fired at the group &

    hundreds died.

  • This day came to be known as Bloody Sunday

Think pair share


Bloody Sunday

  • Page 333 in text

    (Think – jot down in your notes)

  • Why paint this scene? Why is it important?

    (Pair & Share)

  • How would you describe the expressions and body language of the people shown?

  • What statement did Makovsky make by titling the painting Death in Snow?

Bloody sunday

Bloody Sunday

  • Inspired people to rise up against the czar

  • Rebellions broke out all through cities & the country side

  • Workers went on strike, students protested, peasants rebelled against landlords

    • Some 2 million workers protested which shut down the RR system

The october manifesto

The October Manifesto

  • An official promise for reform (issued by Nicholas II)

    • Promised a Russian constitution

    • Individual liberties to all Russians (freedom of speech & assembly)

    • Right to vote

Unrest in russia

  • Duma – an assembly that would approve all laws of Russia

    • Voters elected representatives to serve on the Duma

Unrest in russia

  • Nicholas II promised not to pass any laws that did not go through the Duma

  • 1906 Duma’s 1st meeting was dissolved by Nicholas II because they made too many demands



  • Russian Expansion - map

  • Karl Marx - bio

  • Finish other handouts:

    • Giuseppe Verdi - bio

    • National Song of Hungary 1848 -

The Rise of Russian Nationalism

Exit slip

Exit Slip

  • Identify the causes and effects of the Russian Revolution of 1905.

Break time

~Break Time~

  • War & Peace

  • Look in the text on page 335.

  • Read the excerpt.

  • Class discussion and interpretation

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