Week 2 Chapter 4 Life Span Development. What are traditional birthing procedures in your culture of origin? What are alternative birthing procedures? Share what you think about them with your group.
Week 2 Chapter 4 Life Span Development
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What are traditional birthing procedures in your culture of origin? What are alternative birthing procedures? Share what you think about them with your group.
What are the ‘typical’ problems in childhood? When do they become out of control? When should you do an intervention if a child is developing ‘differently’?
Have you interacted with people diagnosed with (or do you have) learning disabilities, or developmental disabilities, such as Autism? What kinds of challenges did they face?
You are getting older by the minute
Looking at the clock right now, figure out your age to the minute. Start with the exact time you were born if you know it.
None of us will get these minutes back, have you invested them well?
Personality Traits in Happy Adults
Are their certain personality traits that protect people from difficulty adjusting after negative life events?
Discuss the advantages or disadvantages of:
Optimism vs Pessimism
Flexibility vs Rigidity
Self-efficacy vs External locus of control
End of Life
What are the advantages and disadvantages of euthanasia?
Why is it accepted in some countries and not others?
Are there moral differences between active and passive euthanasia?
Born out of an affair, he was adopted by his step father at the age of 7 and wasn’t told who his real father was until he was an adult. He felt alienated by both his Norse and Jewish peers. He spent a lot of time studying “identity crisis”.
Stage 1 Trust vs Mistrust
Trust is established when infants are given warmth, touching, love and physical care.
Mistrust is caused by inadequate or unpredictable care.
Stage 2 Autonomy vs Doubt
Parents can foster a sense of autonomy by encouraging their kids to try something new
Parents who overprotect or ridicule their kids may cause them to doubt their abilities or feel shame about their actions
Stage 3 Initiative vs Guilt
Initiative is reinforced by giving children freedom
Guilt develops by criticizing, preventing play or discouraging questions
Stage 4 Industry vs Inferiority
Industry is when children are successful at producing activities (building, painting, reading, etc)
Inferiority is when they feel unsuccessful at these new activities
Stage 5 Adolescence: Identity vs Role Confusion
Identity is formed by a consistent combination of values, skills, roles, culture
Role Confusion occurs when people can’t develop coherent fusion
Stage 6 Intimacy vs Isolation
Intimacy is the ability to care about others, and share life with them
Isolation is when this hasn’t occurred
Stage 7 Generativity vs Stagnation
Generativity is being interested in the next generation
Stagnation is only being interested in yourself
Stage 8 Integrity vs Despair
Integrity is when someone has lived their life to the fullest
Despair is when someone is full of regrets about their life
James Marcia’s Adolescence
Two important criteria determine the status of the adolescent:
Crisis: extent person is examining and choosing their alternatives
Commitment: degree of personal investment adolescent puts into attitude, belief, occupational choice, etc
Marcia: Identity Diffusion
Impulsive, no self-direction
Avoids getting involved in school work or personal relations
Doesn’t consider major issues
Has not thought about future roles: occupation, sex roles, values, etc
Is aware of being in a crisis
Thought about identity problems but has no answers
Dissatisfied with school or college and whatever else they are involved in
Short lived relationships
Rejects parental values
Marcia: Identity Achievement
Begun to make commitments regarding roles
Working on getting other aspects of life together
New trauma will bring back identity crisis, but hope of recovery is good
Marcia: Identity Foreclosure
No doubts about choices
May accept values and choices of parents
Does not have to be result of Identity Crisis
Marcia: Role Confusion
Defiant and destructive behavior
Disdain for traditionally valued roles, rebellion
May be easier to identify with what should not be done
Punishment by parents and society may confirm these roles
Cults or Gangs provide role for these people
Gangs require certain behaviors and attitudes that relieve the stress from the person
Genetically caused, 1 out of 250 children in Oregon
Inability to understand others minds and thinking
25% chance of improvement
When rebellion gets out of control
Combination of stress and lack or resources of parents