Resource centers make knowledge work
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 23

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK. STEP 1: PREPARATION CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE (Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania) Presented by Diana Iskreva, Oct. 2002. RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK. STEP 1: PREPARATION Activities

Download Presentation

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Resource centers make knowledge work

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

STEP 1: PREPARATION

CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

(Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania)

Presented by Diana Iskreva, Oct. 2002


Resource centers make knowledge work1

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

STEP 1: PREPARATION

Activities

  • Selection of three countries (Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania);

  • Selection of key informants and contact national experts;

  • Identification of available documentation;

  • Identification of national consultants;

  • Meeting with key informants and consultants (WSSCC support);

  • Planning short visits;

  • Short country visits.


Resource centers make knowledge work2

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

STEP 1: PREPARATION

Results

  • Initial country survey on WSS sector;

  • List of information needs and knowledge gaps of different stakeholders;

  • List of institutions, organizations, professionals;

  • Initial contacts as a base for future partnerships;

  • Country visits.


Resource centers make knowledge work3

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Initial Survey on Water Supply and Sanitation Sector

(Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania)


Resource centers make knowledge work4

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

General Country Information

Bulgaria

  • 111,000 sq.km;

  • 7.9 million, 70% urban (2001);

  • Climate from temperate to Mediterranean;

  • Mean natural river flow 19.5 billion cubic meters per year;

  • More than 2000 dams, capacity 6.6 billion cubic meters.


Resource centers make knowledge work5

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

General Country Information

Macedonia

  • 25,713 sq.km;

  • 1.9 million, 59% urban (1994);

  • Climate semiarid;

  • Three large freshwater lakes.


Resource centers make knowledge work6

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

General Country Information

Romania

  • 238,391sq.km;

  • 22.4 million, 55% urban (2000);

  • Climate temperate;

  • Internal rivers 78.905 km in length;

  • 1,500 dams (capacity 13 billion cubic meters), 2,000 km of canals;

  • The Danube 1,075 km.


Resource centers make knowledge work7

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Overview of water supply and sanitation sector

Common Features

  • Poor water resources versus high water consumption;

  • Neglected sanitation and sewage system;

  • higher quality of service in cities versus rural areas and small towns;

  • Poorly maintained WS infrastructure: high leakage rate, intermitted water supply;

  • Insufficient wastewater treatment;

  • Lack of alternative approach to specific user groups.


Resource centers make knowledge work8

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Overview of water supply and sanitation sector

Specific Features

  • Advanced EU accession process: Bulgaria, Romania;

  • Access to piped drinking water: 98% Bulgaria, 65-66% Macedonia and Romania;

  • Marginalized minority groups: Roma (Bulgaria, Romania), Albanians (Macedonia);

  • River basin management (Romania, Bulgaria);

  • Ownership of WSS systems (public, private);

  • War situation, destruction, refugees (Macedonia);

  • “Politization” of the sector (Macedonia).


Resource centers make knowledge work9

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Goals and Objectives of Water Supply and Sanitation Policy

  • Rehabilitation and expansion of water supply system;

  • Expansion of sanitation and sewage system;

  • Rehabilitation and construction of WWTPs;

  • Adoption/enforcement of legislation for integrated water management;

  • Improved WS management;

  • Improvement of quality of drinking water and drinking water quality control;

  • Attraction of private investments.


Resource centers make knowledge work10

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Water and Sanitation Legislative Base

  • Harmonizing national legislation with EU acquis communautaires;

  • Number of legislative acts and regulations dealing with WS;

  • National Programs and NEAPs.


Resource centers make knowledge work11

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Institutions Responsible for Water Management

  • Various ministries and public bodies involved;

  • Decentralization and delegation of authorities;

  • WSS companies: public, private, PPPs;

  • River Basin Directorates;

  • Role of NGOs and CBOs.


Resource centers make knowledge work12

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Political Commitment and Societal Support

  • Development and implementation of various strategies, programs and action plans;

  • Ratification of a number of conventions;

  • Adoption of legislation encouraging PPPs and private investments;

  • Mobilizing resources to implement WSS programs and projects (urban and rural approaches);

  • Citizens’ participation and public access to information.


Resource centers make knowledge work13

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Integrated Water, Health and Environmental Policy

  • Integrated approach;

  • Hygiene control and health protection;

  • Raising awareness;

  • Integrated training;

  • Involving citizens and youth;

  • Implementation of Local Agenda 21, V21.


Resource centers make knowledge work14

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Economic, Financial

and Technological Framework

  • Crisis of transition;

  • Effective use of EU financial instruments, IFIs, private investors;

  • Adoption of innovative and specific approaches;

  • Allocation of financial means targeted to WSS;

  • Affordability of services and technologies;

  • Water tariffs;

  • Decentralization of public financial instruments - delegation responsibilities and rights to local governments.


Resource centers make knowledge work15

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

International Co-operation

  • Issues addressed: technological, financial, capacity building;

  • Large pilot projects;

  • Bilateral co-operation with the Netherlands.


Resource centers make knowledge work16

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Summary of Needs and Gaps of Water Supply and Sanitation Sector

  • Lack of experience on enforcement of legislation with democratic tools in the period of transition;

  • Institutional instability and ineffective coordination;

  • Lack of knowledge and practical experience on technical and technological innovations;

  • Deficiency of resources, including organized information;

  • Lack of experience to involve public in decision-making;

  • Weak citizen participation, limited access to information;

  • Lack of understanding for the need of specific approach to disadvantaged groups among professionals;

  • Lack of understanding for the need of gender approach.


Resource centers make knowledge work17

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Summary of Needs of Specific Stakeholders

  • Local and national public authorities with new responsibilities and desperate need of training, skill-share;

  • Investors lack adequate standard data to access the challenges and opportunities;

  • Decision-makers lack info, skills and experience to make informed decisions in market environment; knowledge and skills to mobilize resources;

  • Operators lack well organized data base, working ITs, experience exchange for better maintenance and operation; they badly need to develop PR skills;

  • Consumers are to be informed about their rights and to develop skills to request information, participate in decision-making; community planning and involvement tools;

  • Consultants need info pool of lessons learned in specific situations related to transition and EU accession.


Resource centers make knowledge work18

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Identified Needs and Gaps to Be Addressed by the Centers

  • Collection and analysis of data and dissemination of information;

  • Packaging information in a user-friendly manner;

  • Generation of new knowledge by learning from past experience;

  • Using of new IT to reach larger audience: web-site;

  • Developing good strategy and coordination of efforts of key national players;

  • Providing thematic information on experience gained;

  • Proposing information about specific EU accession issues;

  • Proposing solutions to meet the gap between policy and legislative framework and practical implementation in projects;

  • Principle of collaboration of the Centers;

  • Short-term aspects; mid-term and long-term aspects.


Resource centers make knowledge work19

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Step 2: Advocacy and “Interest-Building”

Activities Foreseen

  • Initial meeting with informants and governmental officials;

  • Visits to institutions and donors, and self assessment

  • Institutional analyses on information;

  • Workshop on power of information for capacity building: the role of the resource center network;

  • Implement one visible pilot activity to gain recognition;

  • Publish advocacy document.


Resource centers make knowledge work20

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Step 2: Advocacy and “Interest-Building”

Expected Results

  • Information shared;

  • Interest fomented: involving stakeholders and identifying a core group of prospective network members;

  • Start of situation analysis;

  • Participatory identification of further studies.


Resource centers make knowledge work21

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Step 2: Advocacy and “Interest-Building”

Support Needed:

  • to continue the service they already provide;

  • to define the best strategic position in the information network;

  • to improve the quality of their services and their organizational efficiency;

  • to fill the knowledge and update the skills of the key players to reach new information-user groups;

  • to mobilize resources;

  • Financial support.


Resource centers make knowledge work22

RESOURCE CENTERS MAKE KNOWLEDGE WORK

Thanks for your attention!


  • Login