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Percussion. Family. Family Characteristics. Strike, strum or shake instrument for sound Made from metal, wood, or stretched membrane (animal hides) Pitched or unpitched. Snare Drum. Originally called the sidedrum, because the

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Percussion

Percussion

Family


Family characteristics
FamilyCharacteristics

  • Strike, strum or shake

    instrument for sound

  • Made from metal, wood, or

    stretched membrane

    (animal hides)

  • Pitched or unpitched


Snare drum
Snare Drum

  • Originally called the sidedrum, because the

    player would carry it around his waist and

    played off to the side.

  • Shaped like a cylinder, with skin stretched over its top.

  • The "snare“ is a set of wires or strings strung across

    the bottom of the drum. This rattling helps to produce

    the snare drum's special sound.

  • Good at playing "rolls” and other fancy rhythms

  • Sometimes the snare is turned off, to make a dull thud sound. (tom tom)

  • Snare drums, like bass drums, do not have a definite pitch (unpitched)


Bass drum
Bass Drum

  • Largest drum in the percussion family

  • Play a low sound

  • It can sound loud and thundering, and sometimes quiet and almost invisible.

  • used in both orchestras and bands.

  • In an orchestra, it is placed on a stand. In a marching band, it hangs from a harness that the player wears while marching

  • Played with a soft beater

  • Unpitched


Cymbals
Cymbals

  • Thin metal disks that are clashed together or struck with sticks to produce a sound.

  • They come in many sizes. There are tiny finger cymbals, and there are the large and deafening orchestral cymbals.

  • Can sound soft and delicate, or loud and harsh

  • They are used in almost every type of music, from orchestral music to rock.

  • Unpitched


Gong

  • Unpitched


Triangle
Triangle

  • The triangle is a simple steel rod bent into the shape of a triangle

  • While the triangle is among the smallest of orchestra instruments, it has a very clear and shimmering sound that cuts through even the loudest music.

  • The triangle's pitch is not distinct, and its tone varies according to how hard, you strike it.

  • Different sizes

  • Big triangles are louder than little ones.

  • Unpitched


Timpani
Timpani

  • Sometimes called the kettle drum

  • often made of copper

  • They have a piece of calfskin or thin plastic stretched over their opening. This is called a drum head.

  • They are usually played in pairs - sometimes in threes or fours - because each drum is tuned to a different pitch

  • Timpanists can change the pitch of each drum by pressing their foot on a pedal at the base of the drum.

  • Pitched


Xylophone
Xylophone

  • A xylophone is a set of wooden bars, mounted on a frame.

  • The bars, each tuned to a different pitch, are beaten with sticks.

  • Most xylophones have tubes or gourds below each bar to increase the volume of the sound.

  • The biggest xylophones have almost 50 wooden bars. The wooden bars are arranged like a piano keyboard.

  • Gives a bright and sharp sound; soft beaters make the sound more gentle

  • Pitched


Percussion family sound
Percussion Family Sound

  • Percussion instruments sound are produced by hitting/shaking/striking the instrument with hands/sticks/mallets which cause the instrument to vibrate and the sound to resonate in the body.

  • The xylophone is one of the few percussion instruments that can produce different pitches; the wooden bars are arranged just like a piano’s keys. The smaller bars make the higher notes. Some drums can be tuned to a specific pitch, but usually the drums are assigned to keep the beat and play the rhythm of the music


What have you learned essential questions
What have you learned?Essential Questions

  • How are instruments grouped?

  • What are three characteristics for each instrument family?

  • How do string instruments produce a sound?

  • How do brass instruments produce a sound?

  • How do woodwind instruments produce around?

  • How do percussion instruments produce a sound?

  • What other timbres can be heard in music?


Review vocabulary
Review VOCABULARY

  • Timbre (Tone Color)-is the special sound each instrument or voice makes

  • Orchestra-a group of musicians performing on string, brass, woodwind and percussion instruments (about 100 members)

  • String Instruments-produce sound by vibrating strings such as plucking, bowing, or striking.

  • Brass Instruments-tone is produced by vibration of the lips as the player blows into the cupped mouthpiece.

  • Woodwind Instruments-sound is produced by a vibrating reed or a fixed mouthpiece, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument or by placing fingers on or off the holes.

  • Percussion Instruments-can be any object which produces a sound by being struck, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any action which makes the object vibrate.



Fun instrument websites
Fun Instrument Websites

  • http://www.playmusic.org/index.html


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