The Importance of Castles in Medieval Times. THESIS : Castles were not merely homes for the Lords and the noble class; they were built to be advanced defensive systems for Lords and Ladies in vulnerable locations. Castles and the Feudal System.
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THESIS: Castles were not merely homes for the Lords and the noble class; they were built to be advanced defensive systems for Lords and Ladies in vulnerable locations
Because communication and transportation were difficult in Europe, the King couldn’t control everything, everywhere at once…..
so, the King awarded Lord’s with land in return for…
allegiance and military support in time of crisis.
KNIGHTS AND WARFARE
KNIGHTS AND WARFARE
KNIGHT: A mounted warrior
A boy who was to become a knight was, at age seven,
sent away to the castle of his father’s Lord to train to become a
At age 21, the man was made into a knight, often in a public ceremony.
In the name of God, Saint Michael,
And Saint George, I dub thee knight;
Be brave and loyal”
Castles were not merely homes for the Lords and the noble class; they were built to be advanced defensive systems for Lord's and Ladies in vulnerable locations.
GEOGRAPHY OF A CASTLE
When building a castle they used the physical characteristics of the land to keep them safe.
1) Castles built on a mountain or a hill.
- allowed them to see enemies from far away
- harder work climbing up a hill to attack
2) Castles built by near a body of water
- so they can escape quickly, if their castle is taken over
- or they can get help from nearby friends coming in boats.
Had a drawbridge, a PORTCULLIS (iron grid door, that dropped vertically downward) and thick wooden beams to keep intruders out.
The trebuchet appeared in both Christian and Muslim lands around the Mediterranean in the 12th century. It could fling projectiles of up to 350 pounds at high speeds into enemy fortifications. Occasionally, disease-infected corpses were flung into cities in an attempt to infect and terrorize the people under siege, a medieval form of biological warfare. The trebuchet did not become obsolete until the 13th century, well after the introduction of gunpowder.