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Philosophy Test #1 Revision . Let the games begin. Identify the following:. Your room is messy The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere The moon is made of cheese The number 5 is a prime number Capital punishment is never justified STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are.

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Philosophy test 1 revision

Philosophy Test #1 Revision

Let the games begin...


Identify the following
Identify the following:

  • Your room is messy

  • The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere

  • The moon is made of cheese

  • The number 5 is a prime number

  • Capital punishment is never justified

  • STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are...


Argument
Argument

  • Break the following statement into its partsCapital punishment should not be used because wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake and this is unacceptable.

  • P1 – If cp used, then wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake

  • P2 – The execution of wrongly convicted people is totally unacceptable

  • C – Capital punishment should not be used.


Most common premise indicators
Most common premise-indicators

  • since

  • Because

  • Given than

  • Assuming that

  • Inasmuch as

  • For the reason that


Most common conclusion indicators
Most common conclusion indicators

  • Therefore

  • Hence

  • Thus

  • So

  • Consequently

  • It follows that

  • We may infer that

  • We may conclude that


Examples of arguments
Examples of Arguments?

  • If it’s been raining then the ground would be wet. It has been raining. Thus, the ground is wet. 

  • P P C

  • John must be a liberal. Anyone who protested the Gulf War must be a liberal and John was a protester of that war. 

  • C P P



Deductive arguments
Deductive Arguments space. 

  • Usually in the form of a SYLLOGISM – 3 lines

  • P1 – All men are mortal.

  • P2 – Socrates is a man.

  • C - Socrates is mortal.

  • P1 – A stone is a substance.

  • P2 – You are a substance.

  • C – You are a stone.


Inductive arguments
Inductive Arguments space. 

  • Conclusion probably true, given that premise is true.

  • In a survey of all 983 students at Spencer H.S., approximately 95 percent responded that they believe in the existence of an absolute spirit.

  • Graydon is a student at Spencer H.S.

  • Graydon believes in the existance of a absolute spirit.


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