Philosophy Test #1 Revision

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# Philosophy Test #1 Revision - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Philosophy Test #1 Revision . Let the games begin. Identify the following:. Your room is messy The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere The moon is made of cheese The number 5 is a prime number Capital punishment is never justified STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are.

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### Philosophy Test #1 Revision

Let the games begin...

Identify the following:
• The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere
• The moon is made of cheese
• The number 5 is a prime number
• Capital punishment is never justified
• STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are...
Argument
• Break the following statement into its partsCapital punishment should not be used because wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake and this is unacceptable.
• P1 – If cp used, then wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake
• P2 – The execution of wrongly convicted people is totally unacceptable
• C – Capital punishment should not be used.
Most common premise-indicators
• since
• Because
• Given than
• Assuming that
• Inasmuch as
• For the reason that
Most common conclusion indicators
• Therefore
• Hence
• Thus
• So
• Consequently
• It follows that
• We may infer that
• We may conclude that
Examples of Arguments?
• If it’s been raining then the ground would be wet. It has been raining. Thus, the ground is wet.
• P P C
• John must be a liberal. Anyone who protested the Gulf War must be a liberal and John was a protester of that war.
• C P P
• President Bush lied about the weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. He also pushed through his tax cuts to reward his wealthy supporters.
Deductive Arguments
• Usually in the form of a SYLLOGISM – 3 lines
• P1 – All men are mortal.
• P2 – Socrates is a man.
• C - Socrates is mortal.
• P1 – A stone is a substance.
• P2 – You are a substance.
• C – You are a stone.
Inductive Arguments
• Conclusion probably true, given that premise is true.
• In a survey of all 983 students at Spencer H.S., approximately 95 percent responded that they believe in the existence of an absolute spirit.
• Graydon is a student at Spencer H.S.
• Graydon believes in the existance of a absolute spirit.