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Philosophy Test #1 Revision . Let the games begin. Identify the following:. Your room is messy The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere The moon is made of cheese The number 5 is a prime number Capital punishment is never justified STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are.

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philosophy test 1 revision

Philosophy Test #1 Revision

Let the games begin...

identify the following
Identify the following:
  • Your room is messy
  • The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere
  • The moon is made of cheese
  • The number 5 is a prime number
  • Capital punishment is never justified
  • STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are...
argument
Argument
  • Break the following statement into its partsCapital punishment should not be used because wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake and this is unacceptable.
  • P1 – If cp used, then wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake
  • P2 – The execution of wrongly convicted people is totally unacceptable
  • C – Capital punishment should not be used.
most common premise indicators
Most common premise-indicators
  • since
  • Because
  • Given than
  • Assuming that
  • Inasmuch as
  • For the reason that
most common conclusion indicators
Most common conclusion indicators
  • Therefore
  • Hence
  • Thus
  • So
  • Consequently
  • It follows that
  • We may infer that
  • We may conclude that
examples of arguments
Examples of Arguments?
  • If it’s been raining then the ground would be wet. It has been raining. Thus, the ground is wet. 
  • P P C
  • John must be a liberal. Anyone who protested the Gulf War must be a liberal and John was a protester of that war. 
  • C P P
slide7

I was late to class because I couldn’t find a parking space. 

  • President Bush lied about the weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. He also pushed through his tax cuts to reward his wealthy supporters. 
deductive arguments
Deductive Arguments
  • Usually in the form of a SYLLOGISM – 3 lines
  • P1 – All men are mortal.
  • P2 – Socrates is a man.
  • C - Socrates is mortal.
  • P1 – A stone is a substance.
  • P2 – You are a substance.
  • C – You are a stone.
inductive arguments
Inductive Arguments
  • Conclusion probably true, given that premise is true.
  • In a survey of all 983 students at Spencer H.S., approximately 95 percent responded that they believe in the existence of an absolute spirit.
  • Graydon is a student at Spencer H.S.
  • Graydon believes in the existance of a absolute spirit.
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