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# Philosophy Test #1 Revision - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Philosophy Test #1 Revision . Let the games begin. Identify the following:. Your room is messy The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere The moon is made of cheese The number 5 is a prime number Capital punishment is never justified STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are.

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### Philosophy Test #1 Revision

Let the games begin...

• The shape of the earth is close to the shape of a sphere

• The moon is made of cheese

• The number 5 is a prime number

• Capital punishment is never justified

• STATEMENTS/PROPOSITIONS which are...

• Break the following statement into its partsCapital punishment should not be used because wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake and this is unacceptable.

• P1 – If cp used, then wrongly convicted people will be executed by mistake

• P2 – The execution of wrongly convicted people is totally unacceptable

• C – Capital punishment should not be used.

Most common premise-indicators

• since

• Because

• Given than

• Assuming that

• Inasmuch as

• For the reason that

Most common conclusion indicators

• Therefore

• Hence

• Thus

• So

• Consequently

• It follows that

• We may infer that

• We may conclude that

• If it’s been raining then the ground would be wet. It has been raining. Thus, the ground is wet.

• P P C

• John must be a liberal. Anyone who protested the Gulf War must be a liberal and John was a protester of that war.

• C P P

Deductive Arguments space.

• Usually in the form of a SYLLOGISM – 3 lines

• P1 – All men are mortal.

• P2 – Socrates is a man.

• C - Socrates is mortal.

• P1 – A stone is a substance.

• P2 – You are a substance.

• C – You are a stone.

Inductive Arguments space.

• Conclusion probably true, given that premise is true.

• In a survey of all 983 students at Spencer H.S., approximately 95 percent responded that they believe in the existence of an absolute spirit.

• Graydon is a student at Spencer H.S.

• Graydon believes in the existance of a absolute spirit.