Value Debate. Mr. Lyke Speech & Debate. THE PLACE OF VALUE IN ACTION. APPLICATION. A proposition of value is a claim that someone or something ( the matter under consideration ) is good or bad, noble or evil, desirable undesirable, etc.(the problemati c) For instance, you might claim that.
Speech & Debate
Theory --ladenness just/unjust.
I. All knowledge is theory--laden (embedded in other, more general knowledge) so that, in order to sensibly believe (x), it must be the case that we must also believe (y) in which case (y) is the theory of (x).
II. In the sense implied in I, "theory" could be defined as "the set of presuppositions informing a particular discourse, and could be illustrated by the following model:
Social contract just/unjust.
There is no “good” except prudence. (nominalist)
We seek our own advantage (are rational)
We fear death
Fear of death leads us to seek peace
We accept the “laws of nature” which are only theorems which any rational man would accept.
“Men perform their covenants made.” – keep promises
The moral worth of an action lies not in the purpose to be attained by it, but in the maxim according with which it is decided upon.