Learning Objectives Know the reason why Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated (All) Be able to explain how this led to the outbreak of war in 1914? (Most) Be able to clearly explain the role nationalism played in the outbreak of war in 1914 (Some). Recap (Hook?)
What does Nationalism mean?
Much like how powerful countries such as Britain and Germany had competed to show their dominance in the early 1900s, nationalism also influenced smaller countries too.
In 1914, Serbia was a small independent country.
Austria-Hungary, however, had a huge empire and ruled over smaller countries that Serbia saw as allies.
On the 28th June 1914, the heir to the Austrian-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, arrived in Sarajevo, Bosnia on a Royal visit. He had been warned by several government officials that there had been threats made to kill him and that he should cancel the trip. The Archduke ignored the warnings and started his procession around the city of Sarajevo.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary
By the end of the day, he (and his wife Sophie) had been shot dead.
They had been murdered by a group of Serbian terrorists, who were desperate for Bosnia and Serbia to unite.
These terrorists were called the
Black Hand Gang.
The Archduke’s blood stained coat.
“I saw NedeljkoCabrinovic throw a bomb. Wearing a long black coat and a black hat, I heard him ask a policeman to tell him which car the Archduke was in; seconds later he had knocked the cap off a hand grenade against a metal lamp-post and aimed it at the Archduke seated in the open car. It bounced off the Archduke’s car and blew up the car behind, killing two officers and injuring about twenty people. I then saw Cabrinovic swallow a pill (cyanide) and jump into the river. However, the pill must have been old because it did not work – and the river was only five inches deep! The Police soon pulled him out.”
Evidence 4: An Eye-Witness report, 1928
I had been told that our attempt to kill the Archduke had failed. They had cancelled the rest of the procession. I decided to leave the area. I stopped at a schiller’s cafe for a sandwich. On leaving the cafe, I could not believe my eyes. There he was, ten feet away from me (the car was reversing). I pulled out my pistol. I fired twice, or perhaps several times, without knowing whether I had hit or missed.
Evidence 8: Suspect Statement: GavrilloPrincip, Black Hand Gang, 29th June 1914
Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand lies in an open coffin beside his wife Sophie, the Duchess of Hohenburg, after their assassination by Serbian nationalist GavriloPrincip in Sarajevo on 28th June 1914.
This cartoon gives you an insight into how the world went to war following the death of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Using the information from both this and the previous lesson – can you use this source to help explain how the First World War began.
Working in pairs, you should now analyse the cartoon source. You should answer these questions:
All: Who do the people in the cartoon represent?
Most: What are the people doing and why?
Some: What is the message of the cartoon?
Extension: What technique does the artist use to represent each countries size/power?
(To answer the level 5 and 6 questions, you will need to remind yourself of the long term causes of WW1!)
What do you think the message of the cartoon is?
What are the people in the cartoon doing and why?
Who do the people in the cartoon represent?
Using the cartoon to help you, now, in pairs you should attempt to arrange the events that followed the Archduke’s assassination into chronological order.
Once you have done this, and your answers have been checked, you should write the events up on the sheet provided.
How did nationalism lead the world to war in 1914?
28TH June 1914