Heat stress
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Heat Stress. Case Study. Martin Duley – QHSE Manager. References: ISOS & OGP Report 6.70/279. Catalysts to Heat Illness. Clinical Disorders. Heat Rash. SYMPTOMS Itchy rash – red cluster of pimples or small blisters

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Heat Stress

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Heat stress

Heat Stress

Case Study

Martin Duley – QHSE Manager

References: ISOS & OGP Report 6.70/279


Catalysts to heat illness

Catalysts to Heat Illness


Clinical disorders

Clinical Disorders


Heat rash

Heat Rash

SYMPTOMS

Itchy rash – red cluster of pimples or small blisters

Usually appear in areas where sweat collects (neck, chest, groin, elbow creases and other skin folds)

MANAGEMENT

Cool the skin; take time out, cool showers

Keep the rash dry; cotton clothing – avoid synthetic materials that don’t ‘breathe’

Avoid ointments and oily creams; moisture can make rash worse


Heat cramps

Heat Cramps

SYMPTOMS

Muscle pain or spasms

Can appear at time of physical activity or later – even when not active

Usually appears in the muscles being used (arms, legs, abdomen)

MANAGEMENT

Stop activity and rest in cool place

Drink clear juice or sports drink

Gently massage painful areas

Rest for several hours after cramps have gone

Seek professional medical help if cramps last for more than one hour


Heat syncope heat collapse

Heat Syncope (heat collapse)

CAUSES

Not enough blood reaching the brain

More common when blood pools in legs (standing still for a long time or standing suddenly from a seated or lying position)

SYMPTOMS

Feeling dizzy and light headed

Fainting

MANAGEMENT

Lie down in a cool place – symptoms will improve as blood returns to brain

Slowly drink water, clear juice or a sports drink

Seek professional medical advice if there is injury, loss of consciousness, victim does not improve after lying down or signs of heat stroke are present


Heat exhaustion wet white and weak

Heat Exhaustion – wet, white and weak

SYMPTOMS

Pale or flushed

Skin is cool and moist (sweating)

Dizzy or passing out, feeling weak, clumsy and a little confused

Headache / Nausea

Fast, weak pulse

MANAGEMENT

Stop activity / lie down in a cool place

Remove / loosen tight clothing

Slowly drink water, clear juice or a sports drink

Cool shower or sponge off with cool water

Victim may refuse water or vomit

Seek professional medical advice


Heat stroke sunstroke

Heat Stroke (sunstroke)

SYMPTOMS

High body temperature

Hot & dry skin – not sweaty

Fast strong pulse

Throbbing headache

Dizzy, nauseous, vomiting

Acting confused

  • Seeing or hearing imaginary things,

  • Clumsy or aggressive

    Loss of consciousness

    Seizure or convulsions


Heat stroke sunstroke1

Heat Stroke (sunstroke)

MANAGEMENT

Call for emergency medical help

Move to a cooler place and lie down

Cool the victim by removing / loosening clothing

Cool the skin with water, sponge or a cool wet sheet. Bath only if consious

Make a breeze

Place ice packs on neck, groin & armpits

Offer cool water

Take temperature every ten minutes

Stop cooling efforts when temperature reaches 38.5-39 deg C

Watch for breathing – it may stop and be prepared to give rescue breathing if needed

Don’t let victim get too cool. Do not let person gulp liquids – ½ glass every 15 minutes


Prevention and mitigation measures

Prevention and Mitigation Measures


Risk assessment

Risk Assessment


Risk assessment1

Risk Assessment


Initiatives

Initiatives

Type footer details here | 6 April 2013


Initiatives1

Initiatives

Type footer details here | 6 April 2013


Initiatives2

Initiatives

Type footer details here | 6 April 2013


Case studies

Case Studies


Case studies1

Case Studies


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