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d{ kk uoe ~ ds fgUnh dkyka'k esa vkidk gkfnZd Lokxr gSA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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d{ kk uoe ~ ds fgUnh dkyka'k esa vkidk gkfnZd Lokxr gSA. izLrqfr%. eks-de#n~nhu izf’kf{kr Lukrd f’k{kd ^fgUnh* tokgj uoksn; fo|ky; ok.khiqj mRrj 24 ijxuk. lkxj. leqnz. tyf /k. iz”u &. 1- vki yksxksa us fp= esa D;k ns[kk \ 2- leqnz fdl jax gksrk gS\ 3- jax fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSaA

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d{ kk uoe ~ ds fgUnh dkyka'k esa vkidk gkfnZd Lokxr gSA

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D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

d{kkuoe~

dsfgUnhdkyka'kesa

vkidkgkfnZdLokxrgSA

izLrqfr%

eks-de#n~nhu

izf’kf{kr Lukrd f’k{kd ^fgUnh*

tokgj uoksn; fo|ky;

ok.khiqj mRrj 24 ijxuk


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

lkxj


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

leqnz


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

tyf/k


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

iz”u&

1- vki yksxksa us fp= esa D;k ns[kk \

2- leqnz fdl jax gksrk gS\

3- jax fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSaA

4- leqnz dk jax uhyk gh D;ksa gksrk gS\

5- leqnz uhys jax dk D;ksa gksrk gS] bldh [kkst

fdlus dh\

6- D;k vkidks irk gS fd bldh [kkst djus okys dks ukscsy iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;k gS\


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

banz/kuq”k ds lkr jax &

cSxuh

vklekuh

uhyk

gjk

ihyk

ukjaxh

yky

VIBGYOR

VIOLET

INDIGO

BLUE

GREEN

YELLOW

ORANGE

RED


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

enjVsjslk

panz'ks[kj osadV jkeu~

johUnzukFkVSxksj

ukscsyiqjLdkjfotsrk


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

  • Indian Nobel Prize Winners

    • 1-Rabindranath Tagore (1861 - 1941) Nobel Prize for Literature (1913)

    • 2-Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman(1888 - 1970)Nobel Prize for Physics (1930)3-Dr. Hargobind KhoranaNobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology (1968)

    • 4-Dr. Subramaniam ChandrasekarNobel Prize for physics (1983)

    • 5-Mother Teresa (1910 - 1997)Nobel Prize for peace (1979)

    • 6-Dr. Amartya Sen(1933 - )Nobel Prize for Economics (1998)

    • Other Nobel Prize Laureates related to India7-Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

    • 8-V.S. Naipaul (1932- )


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

ukscsy iqjLdkj

;g ,d varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj dk loksZPp iqjLdkj gS tks lkfgR;] HkkSfrd foKku] jlk;u foKku] fpfdRlk foKku]vFkZ'kkL= rFkk 'kkafr ds {ks= esa vHkwriwoZ dk;Z ds fy, fn;k tkrk gSA ukscsy iqjLdkj ds tUenkrk vYizsQM ukscsy gSa] ftudk tUe lu~ 1833 esa LohMu LVkWdgkse uked LFkku esa gqvk FkkA vYQsM ukscsy us lu~ 1866 esa foèoaldkjh Mk;ukekbV dk vkfo"dkj fd;k FkkA bl iqjLdkj dks loZizFke lu~ 1901 esa fn;k x;kA


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

panz'ks[kjosadVjkeu~

Feb 28, 02:28 am


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

laf{kIrifjp;

tUe % 07 uoacjlu~ 1888

tUeLFkku % fr#fpjkiYyhuxj ] rfeyukMq

firk % panz’ks[kj v;~;j ] egkfo|ky; esaHkkSfrdhdsizoDrk

ekrk% ikoZrhvEek

miyfC/k % 28 Qjojhlu~ 1928 dksjkeu~ izHkko dh [kkst

^leqnzdkjaxuhykghD;ksagksrkgSA*

e`R;q % 21 uoacj 1970] caxyksjesa

lEeku

1- ukscsyiqjLdkj

2- Hkkjrljdkj }kjkHkkjrjRu

3- la;qDrjk”Vª la?k }kjkysfuu ‘kkafriqjLdkj

4- 28 QjojhdksHkkjresafoKkufnolds :iesaeuk;ktkukA


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

oSKkfudpsrukdsokgdpanz'ks[kjosadVjkeu~

isM+ lslscfxjrsgq, rksyksxlfn;ksals ns[krsvkjgsFks] exjfxjusdsihNsfNisjgL; dksU;wVulsigysdksbZvkSj le> ughaik;kFkkABhdmlhizdkjfojkVleqnz dh uhy&o.khZ; vkHkkdksHkhvla[; yksxvkfndkyls ns[krsvkjgsFks]exjblvkHkkijiM+sjgL; dsijnsdksgVkusdsfy, gekjs le{k mifLFkrgq, ljpanz'ks[kjosadVjkeu~A

ckrlu~ 1921 dh gS] tcjkeu~ leqnzh ;k=k ijFksAtgktdsMsdij [kM+sgksdjuhysleqnzdksfugkjuk] izd`fr&izsehjkeu~ dksvPNkyxrkFkkAosleqnz dh uhyhvkHkkesa ?kaVksa [kks, jgrsAysfdujkeu~ dsoyHkkoqdizÑfr&izsehghughaFksAmudsvanj ,d oSKkfud dh ftKklkHkhmruhghl'kDrFkhA ;ghftKklkmulslokydjcSBh&^vkf[kjleqnzdkjaxuhykghD;ksagksrkgS\ dqNvkSjD;ksaugha\*jkeu~ lokydktokc <w¡<+us esayxx,Atokc <w¡<+rsghosfo'ofo[;kr cu x,A


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

'kCnkFkZ

uhy o.khZ; & uhys jax dk

vla[; & vufxur] ftldh la[;k

crkuk laHko u gks

vkHkk & ped

ftKklk & tkuus dh bPNk

fo'ofo[;kr & lalkj esa izfl¼

HkkSfrdh Physics& og foKku ftlesa rÙoksa ds

xq.k vkfn dk foospu fd;k x;k gks]


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

iz'u %&

  • U;wVu dkSu Fkk vkSj mlus D;k [kkst dh\

  • jkeu~ Hkkoqd izÑfr izseh ds vykok vkSj D;k Fks\

  • leqnz dks ns[kdj jkeu~ ds eu esa dkSu&lh nks

    ftKklk,¡ mBha\

  • jkeu~ fo’ofo[;kr dSls cu x,\

  • izdk’k esa fdrus izdkj ds jax fdrus gksrs gSa\


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

jkeu~ dk tUe 7 uoacj lu~ 1888 dks rfeyukMq ds fr#fpjkiYyh uxj esa gqvk FkkA buds firk fo'kk[kkiÙkue~ esa xf.kr vkSj HkkSfrdh ds f'k{kd FksA firk bUgsa cpiu ls xf.kr vkSj HkkSfrdh i<+krs FksA blesa dksbZ vfr'k;ksfDr ugha gksxh fd ftu nks fo"k;ksa ds Kku us mUgsa txr&izfl) cuk;k] mudh l'kDr uhao muds firk us gh rS;kj dh FkhA dkWyst dh i<+kbZ mUgksaus igys ,-ch-,u- dkWyst fr#fpjkiYyh ls vkSj fQj izslhMsalh dkWyst enzkl ls dhA ch-,- vkSj ,e-,- nksuksa gh ijh{kkvksa esa mUgksaus dkQh Å¡ps vad gkfly fd,A

jkeu~ dk efLr"d foKku ds jgL;ksa dks lqy>kus ds fy, cpiu ls gh cspSu jgrk FkkA vius dkWyst ds tekus ls gh mUgksaus 'kksèkdk;ksZa esa fnypLih ysuk 'kq: dj fn;k FkkA mudk igyk 'kksèki= fQykWlkWfQdy eSxthu esa izdkf'kr gqvk FkkA mudh fnyh bPNk rks ;gh Fkh fd os viuk lkjk thou 'kksèkdk;ksZa dks gh lefiZr dj nsa] exj mu fnuksa 'kksèkdk;Z dks iwjs le; ds dSfj;j ds :i esa viukus dh dksbZ [kkl O;oLFkk ugha FkhA izfrHkkoku Nk= ljdkjh ukSdjh dh vksj vkdf"kZr gksrs FksA jkeu~ Hkh vius le; ds vU; lq;ksX; Nk=ksa dh Hkk¡fr Hkkjr ljdkj ds foÙk&foHkkx esa vQlj cu x,A mudh rSukrh dydÙkk* esa gqbZA


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

'kCnkFkZ

vfr'k;ksfDr & fdlh ckr dks c<+k&p<+kdj dguk

gkfly & izkIr

'kksèkdk;Z & [kkst] vuqlaèkku dk;Z

izfrHkkoku & ftlesa foy{k.k&ckSf)d 'kfDr gks

foÙk foHkkx & fdlh jkT; ds vk;&O;; ls lacafèkr

foHkkx

#>ku & >qdko] fdlh vksj izo`Ùk gksuk


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

iz'u %&

  • jkeu~ ds firk us muesa fdu fo"k;ksa dh l'kDr uhao Mkyh\

  • cpiu ls gh jkeu~ dk efLr”d fdu jgL;ksa dks lqy>kus esa cspSu jgrk Fkk\

  • jkeu~ dk igyk ‘kks/ki= fdl eSxthu esa izdkf’kr gqvk\

  • jkeu~ dh gkfnZd bPNk D;k Fkh\

  • mu fnuksa izfrHkkoku Nk= ljdkjh ukSdjh dh vksj D;kssa vkdf”kZr gksrs Fks\

  • jkeu~ us Hkkjr ljdkj ds v/khu dkSu lh ukSdjh xzg.k dh vkSj dgk¡\


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

dydÙkk esa ljdkjh ukSdjh ds nkSjku mUgksaus vius LokHkkfod #>ku dks cuk, j[kkA n¶rj ls QqlZr ikrs gh os ykSVrs gq, cgw cktkj vkrs] tgk¡ ^bafM;u ,lksfl,'ku QkWj n dYVhos'ku vkWI+Q lkbal* dh iz;ksx'kkyk FkhA ;g vius vkiesa ,d vuwBh laLFkk Fkh] ftls dydÙkk ds ,d MkWDVj egsanzyky ljdkj us o"kksZa dh dfBu esgur vkSj yxu ds ckn [kM+k fd;k FkkA bl laLFkk dk mís'; Fkk ns'k esa oSKkfud psruk dk fodkl djukA vius egku~ mís';ksa ds ckotwn bl laLFkk ds ikl lkèkuksa dk furkar vHkko FkkA jkeu~ bl laLFkk dh iz;ksx'kkyk esa dkepykÅ midj.kksa dk bLrseky djrs gq, 'kksèkdk;Z djrsA ;g vius vkiesa ,d vkèkqfud gB;ksx dk mnkgj.k Fkk] ftlesa ,d lkèkd n¶rj esa dM+h esgur ds ckn cgw cktkj dh bl ekewyh&lh iz;ksx'kkyk esa igq¡prk vkSj viuh bPNk'kfDr ds tksj ls HkkSfrd foKku dks le`) cukus ds iz;kl djrkA mUgha fnuksa os ok|;a=ksa dh vksj vkÑ"V gq,A os ok|;a=ksa dh èofu;ksa ds ihNs fNis oSKkfud jgL;ksa dh ijrsa [kksyus dk iz;kl dj jgs FksA bl nkSjku mUgksaus vusd ok|;a=kksa dk vè;;u fd;k ftuesa ns'kh vkSj fons'kh] nksuksa izdkj ds ok|;a= FksA

ok|;a=ksa ij fd, tk jgs 'kksèkdk;ksZa ds nkSjku muds vè;;u ds nk;js esa tgk¡ ok;fyu] pSyks ;k fi;kuks tSls fons'kh ok| vk,] ogha oh.kk] rkuiwjk vkSj e`naxe~ ij Hkh mUgksaus dke fd;kA mUgksaus oSKkfud fl)kaarksa ds vkèkkj ij if'peh ns'kksa dh bl Hkzkafr dks rksM+us dh dksf'k'k dh fd Hkkjrh; ok|;a= fons'kh ok|ksa dh rqyuk esa ?kfV;k gSaA ok|;a=ksa ds daiu ds ihNs fNis xf.kr ij mUgksaus vPNk&[kklk dke fd;k vkSj vusd 'kksèki= Hkh izdkf'kr fd,A


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

'kCnkFkZ

midj.k & lkèku] vkStkj

le`) & mUur'khy

Hkzkafr & lansg] v;FkkFkZ Kku

l`ftr & jpk gqvk

le{k & lkeus

vè;kiu & i<+kuk


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

iz'u %&

  • ok|;a=kksa ij dh xbZ [kkstksa ls jkeu~ us dkSu&lh Hkzkafr rksM+us

    dh dksf'k'k dh\

  • jkeu~ us fdu fdu ok|;a=ksa ij viuk ‘kks/kdk;Z fd;k\

  • mUgksaus ok|;a=ksa ij ‘kks/k D;ksa fd;k\

  • dydRrk esa fdl iz;ksx’kkyk esa jkeu~~ us viuk izkjafHkd

    ‘kks/k dk;Z fd;k\

  • jkeu~ ds izkjafHkd 'kksèkdk;Z dks vkèkqfud gB;ksx D;ksa dgk x;k gS\


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

ikB ls lh[k

  • fdlh Hkh pht dks lkekU; :i ls lHkh ns[krs gSa ijarq tks muds izfr fo’ks”k ftKklk dk Hkko

    j[krk gS og lkekU; phtksa esa Hkh fo’ks”k ckrksa dks [kkst ysrk gSA

  • lalkj esa ek= /ku ds yksHk esa vkdj dk;Z ugha djuk pkfg,A de ykHk okyk gh ijarq mRre

    dk;Z djus ls /ku Lo;a ihNs ihNs pyk vkrk gS vkSj lkFk esa lEeku Hkh ykrk gSA

  • ns’k] lekt vkSj ekuork ds izfr ldkjkRed n`f”Vdks.k viukus ls miyfC/k Lo;a pyh vkrh

    gSA

  • ifjfLFkfr;k¡ fdruh gh izfrdwy D;ksa u gksa] izfrHkkoku vkSj /kS;Z’kkyh vius y{; rd vo’; gh

    igqap tkr gSaA

dgk x;k gS %& ^tgk¡ pkg ogha jkg*


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

vH;klgsrqx`gdk;Z

1- foKku dk ekuo fodkl esa ;ksxnku* fo"k; ij ,d vuqPNsn fyf[k,A

2- Hkkjr ds fdu&fdu oSKkfudksa dks ukscsy iqjLdkj feyk gS\ irk yxkb, vkSj fyf[k,A

3- U;wVu ds vkfo"dkj ds fo"k; esa tkudkjh izkIr dhft,A

4- Hkkjr ds ekufp= esa rfeyukMq ds fr:fpjkiYyh vkSj dydÙkk dh fLFkfr n'kkZ,¡A

5- fiNys chl&iPphl o"kksZa esa mu oSKkfud [kkstksa] midj.kksa dh lwph cukb,] ftlus

ekuo thou cny fn;k gSA

6- Hkkjr ds izeq[k oSKkfudksa dh lwph muds dk;ksZa@;ksxnkuksa ds lkFk cukb,A


D kk uoe ds fgunh dkyka k esa vkidk gkfnzd lokxr gsa

/kU;okn


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