Curs 3. Chapter 2. 1. Participants in the construction process of buildings and their relationships 2. Architectural programs, generalities and basic notions 3. General lay-out of a construction 4. Main types of structural systems. Classification and geometry conditions imposed by P100/2006.
1. Participants in the construction process of buildings and their relationships
2. Architectural programs, generalities and basic notions
3. General lay-out of a construction
4. Main types of structural systems. Classification and geometry conditions imposed by P100/2006
involves animpressive number of direct and indirect
participants, from the conceptual up to post-utilisation stage,
as illustrated by the following (perhaps incomplete) list:
promoter(investor), consultants, designers, design-verification
specialists, researchers, producers, and suppliers of
construction products, contractor(s) subcontractors, laboratory
and in-situ testing specialists, equipments, geotechnicians, land
surveyors, surveyors of construction works, quality inspectors,
technical experts, economists, as well as users, specialised
public bodies/agencies, professional associations, insurance
companies et al.
to act as a the basics for this process. Always present in
the picture since olden times, these participants are: the
promoter(investor),the designer, the contractor
(constructor) and the user.
III III D =designer
U C C =contractor
promoter, since he identified the necessity of erecting a more or less permanent shelter, which had to be in its possession, and decided to achieve it;
designer, since he imagined how to make it look like or made use of previous experience, in order to get a home properly responding to his needs;
constructor, since he himself materialised his ideas and making best use of all his skills;
user, since he actually made use of the construction.
III IIID =designer
U C C =contractor
represents a starting point on the complex process of
achievement and utilisation of any building or construction,
legalstatus. They include central and regional governmental
agencies, local authorities and public bodies, limited liability
companies, partnerships and businessmen who are sole traders,
as well as individuals (in case of small-size constructions, where they
are also the owners). Contractors can be promoters of some project
too, such as, for instance, property development or housing estates.
and report on a proposed project. This consultancy may be
provided either by a specialised firm or by an individual
defining the expertise appropriate to the project, in term of
education, training and experience obtained by having held
position of major responsibility on important engineering
works for some years.
The promoter’s interest may be best served by the appointment of a project manager to plan and manage the respective project and to co-ordinate the relationships with other organisations. This role is particularly important for:
promoter defines the objectives for the project and agrees a project
strategy or brief to guide the next stage of work.
This brief should state:
The Designer select and appoint the
The User but depending on the nature and specific features of the building, the design team should incorporate in some manner – besides architect and structural engineer – service engineers specialised in:
owner of a building – but, obviously, with different specific
responsibilities as established by the regulations in force – they are
involved during its entire period of service to rather a continuous
activity of maintenance and current repair. This is absolutely
necessary in order to ensure an adequate durability of the building,
which is mainly expressed by its ability to maintain performance levels
as close as possible to the initial values.
change in the profile of their activity, it is a rather common practice to
carry out some rehabilitation/refurbishment works. Occasionally,
such works are needed at certain moments during the building life, in
order to remove wearing or decay effects and thus to improve
and recording (settlements, deformations, cracking,) on a permanent basis, by means of more or less
sophisticated topometric means.