TOWARDS A ‘GREEN REVOLUTION IN AFRICA’-GOVERNANCE AND POLICY PROCESSES
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TOWARDS A ‘GREEN REVOLUTION IN AFRICA’-GOVERNANCE AND POLICY PROCESSES. 1 MAY 2008, Salzburg, Austria. Lindiwe Majele Sibanda (CEO, FANRPAN) [email protected] Outline of Presentation. Overview of Challenges and Key Issues- WHAT

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TOWARDS A ‘GREEN REVOLUTION IN AFRICA’-GOVERNANCE AND POLICY PROCESSES

1 MAY 2008, Salzburg, Austria

Lindiwe Majele Sibanda (CEO, FANRPAN)

[email protected]


Outline of Presentation POLICY PROCESSES

  • Overview of Challenges and Key Issues-WHAT

  • Making it Happen – Reforming Africa’s Governance and Policy Process- HOW

  • Revisiting the Architecture of Policy Development- FANRPAN MODEL & WHO DOES WHAT


Wanjiku s dream 2015
Wanjiku’s Dream -2015 POLICY PROCESSES

  • Land Owned - 1 hectare

  • Crop diversity- from maize to staples & high values crops

  • Productivity: Maize yield from 250kg to 2.5t/ha

  • Inputs: from recycled seed to highbrids &

  • fertilizer use: from 10 to 50% recommended levels

  • Implements: from hand hoe to

  • full span of 4 donkeys, eventually 2 oxen


Wanjiku’s POLICY PROCESSES Question

What will the African Green Revolution do for me?

Governance and Policy Processes are about PEOPLE-

The WHAT? The HOW? THE WHO?

AFRICA’s Green Revolution must be about POOR PEOPLE and IMPROVED LIVELIHOODS

How will the Green Revolution Policy and Governance processes help Wanjiku out of poverty?


AFRICAN HOPE & HYPE games? POLICY PROCESSES

MILITARIZATION

HIV/AIDS

FAMINE

CORRUPTION

GREEN REVOLUTION

IMPUNITY

WAR

PRIVATIZATION

MINIMAL STATE

HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE

LIBERALISATION

CORPORATE CONTROL

WOMENS RIGHTS ABUSES

CONDITIONALITY

DEBT

PATRONAGE

ETHNICITY


Africa 1970 90s
AFRICA: 1970-90s POLICY PROCESSES

SCRUBBLE 70s-90s A TIME FOR– war of words in the colonies


Africa 1990s structural adjustment programs saps
AFRICA: POLICY PROCESSES1990s- Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPS)

A TIME FOR SAPS- SNAKES AND LADDERS & Yo-Yo games


Living in interesting times 2003 2015
Living in Interesting Times: 2003-2015 POLICY PROCESSES

SUDOKU games- Business of numbers: 10% national budgets to agric sector; 6% annual growth for sector

NEPAD CAADP- Africans driving an African agenda


Africa sets targets for agric sector objective verifiable indicators ovis
AFRICA sets TARGETS for AGRIC. Sector POLICY PROCESSES(Objective Verifiable Indicators-OVIs)

Continental Commitments

  • MDGs –vision 2015

  • 2003 -NEPAD CAADP- 6% annual growth and 10% national budget for agriculture

  • 2006- Abuja Declaration from 8 to 50kg fertilizer/ha

  • 2007- AFRICA’S GREEN REVOLUTION launched- OVIs?


Governance
Governance POLICY PROCESSES


Policy processes
Policy Processes POLICY PROCESSES


What does it take go for red networks
What does it take-Go for RED-Networks POLICY PROCESSES

External Influences

Campaigning, Lobbying

Policy analysis, & research

Scientific information exchange & validation

Political context

Politics and Policymaking

Media,

Advocacy, Networking

Research, learning & thinking

Links

Evidence

Source: The Rapid Framework. Research and Policy in Development Programme Briefing Paper No1, October 2004






Rule of law
Rule of Law POLICY PROCESSES



Learning from success and failures
Learning from Success and Failures POLICY PROCESSES

Malawi Green Rev 2004-7

Zimbabwe Green Rev.1980-90

Previous Gvt – offered subsidy

Gvt intensifies extension, input

supply, hybrids, produce markets

New Gvt with support from IMF abandons subsidies

Gvt1990 abandons subsidies, private sec. active on input, but no link to value chain

Presidents makes public announcement

In 2000 Gvt re-introduces subsidies

National budget includes subsidy

Gov. controlled interventions

Limited private sector involved

Can we Sustain the Success

Collapse of the agric sector

Legitimatize the policy


Constitutional checks
Constitutional Checks POLICY PROCESSES


Including the excluded 9 step participation model
Including the Excluded-9 Step Participation Model POLICY PROCESSES

Sherry R. Arnstein. ‘A Ladder of Citizen Participation’ http://lithgow-schmidt.dk/sherry-arnstein/ladder-of-citizen-participation.html


Channels for reaching the excluded
Channels for Reaching the Excluded POLICY PROCESSES

  • Local drama groups-theatre for community action

  • Video, television, news print, radio

  • Farmer field schools

  • Posters, stickers and banners

  • Local Indabas- Dialogues

  • Structured Multi-stakeholder Networks


Policy networks
Policy Networks POLICY PROCESSES

  • Invest in Regional and national multi-stakeholder networks

  • Promote platforms for policy dialogue –African Oral Culture

  • Sharing knowledge interact ion with policy makers

  • Promote Innovation Systems Approach -Cultivate and promote interactions between research, knowledge use and policy development


What value will policy networks bring
What value will Policy networks bring? POLICY PROCESSES

  • All inclusive multi-stakeholder platform -government, technocrats, farmers, private sector, consumers, journalists, politicians, technocrats

  • Build credible dialogue platforms at local level use evidence to support policy development

  • Facilitate linkages and partnerships between government and civil society , Linking policy supply to demand

  • Partnerships for building the capacity for policy analysis - regionally, North-South, South-South


What value will policy networks bring to gr
What value will Policy networks bring to GR POLICY PROCESSES

  • Promote peer reviews

  • Host high level policy events

  • Capacity enhancement-collation of dispersed skills

  • Platform for action research , knowledge production, documentation and articulation of own story,

  • Identifying strategic issues to amplify

  • Encourages solidarity with vulnerable groups without seeking to brand


Example from practice- POLICY PROCESSES

FANRPAN Regional Policy Dialogues – 2001- 2007


Wanjiku s call for action
Wanjiku’s CALL for Action POLICY PROCESSES

  • Demystify Policy Processes

  • Give me a VOICE

  • Create Space & Political cover

  • Provide Options & Means


Key questions for a uniquely african green revolution
Key Questions for a Uniquely African Green Revolution POLICY PROCESSES

  • How can we ensure that all stakeholders and particularly the vulnerable groups and ordinary citizens have a voice in policy processes?

  • What role can regional policy networks play to align policies and political processes to support pro-poor growth and Africa’s green revolution?

  • What information should African governments provide (key indicators) as evidence of commitment to pro-poor growth and African green revolution goals?

  • How can donors make development assistance to the green revolution more effective?



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