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The Five Themes of Geography. 900 AD. 1492 AD. 1621 AD. 2000 BC. Looking at the Earth. History is the study of events over time. Geography - the study of distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth. Geographers use a variety of tools: Maps Photographs Charts

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slide2

900 AD

1492 AD

1621 AD

2000 BC

Looking at the Earth

History is the study of events over time.

slide3

Geography - the study of distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.

slide4
Geographers use a variety of tools:

Maps

Photographs

Charts

Graphs and Tables

Scale Models

Five Themes of Geography

five themes of geography
Location: where is it?

Place: what is it like?

Region: how are places similar or different?

Human-Environment Interaction: how do people relate to the physical world?

Movement: how do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another?

Five Themes of Geography
location where is it

LOCATIONWhere is it?

Absolute Location: the exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such a city, is found.

  • Relative Location: describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
slide7

Latitude

Imaginary lines north and and south from the equator.

N

900

300

200

100

Equator

00

100

00

100

200

100

200

200

300

300

900

300

S

W

E

1800

1800

Prime Meridian

Longitude

Imaginary lines east and west from the Prime Meridian.

slide9

Locate the following using the map on pages A4-A5.

1. City closest to 30S / 150E

2. Country bounded by 0S, 15S, 15E, 30E

3. City closest to 60N / 45E

4. Islands between 15N, 30N, 150W, 165W

5. Country through which 75N, 40W pass

6. You are at 15S / 90E. Do you need a car or a boat?

7. What is at 90N / 180W?

8. Country through which 55N, 0E pass.

slide10

N

900

900

S

Hemispheres

The Earth is divided at the equator into two halves. Each half is called a hemisphere or half-circle.

Northern Hemisphere

Equator

00

Southern Hemisphere

slide11

Use the map on pages A2-A3 to determine the hemisphere in which each place is located. Write North or South.

1. United States

2. Congo Basin

3. Rio de Janeiro

4. Gobi Desert

5. Red Sea

6. Cape Horn

slide12

Hemispheres

The Earth is also divided east and west.

Eastern Hemisphere

Western Hemisphere

Western Hemisphere

Eastern Hemisphere

International Dateline 1800 Longitude

Prime Meridian 00 Longitude

slide13

Use the map on pages A2-A3 to determine the hemisphere in which each place is located. Write East or West.

1. Siberia

2. Aleutian Islands

3. Puerto Rico

4. Arabian Peninsula

5. Andes Mountains

6. Mariana Islands

slide14

PLACE

What is it like?

Climate

Bridges

Vegetation

Buildings

Landforms

slide15

Using the categories listed on the previous page as a starting point, make a list of everything you can think of that would describe Houston to someone who has never been here.

Work with your partner. You have five minutes.

region how are places similar or different

REGIONHow are places similar or different?

Three types of regions

Formal Regions: defined by

Climate Culture

Vegetation Continental area

Land use

region

REGION

  • Perceptual Regions: defined by what people perceive or “see” as characteristic of the region.

Functional Regions: defined interactions and connections between places.

human environment interaction how do people relate to the physical world

HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONHow do people relate to the physical world?

Houses

Crops

Protection

Engineering

Animals

Food Sources

Jobs

Transportation

Clothes

human environment interaction

HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION

With your partner, brainstorm examples of how people living in the Houston area interact with their environment. Use the examples on the previous page as a starting point. You have 5 minutes.

movement how do people goods and ideas move from one place to another

MOVEMENTHow do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another?

Linear Distance: how far

Time Distance: how long

Psychological Distance: how far away we think or feel a place is.

movement

MOVEMENT

Working with your partner, brainstorm at least one example of each of the three types of distance. You have 5 minutes.

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