The Five Themes of Geography. 900 AD. 1492 AD. 1621 AD. 2000 BC. Looking at the Earth. History is the study of events over time. Geography - the study of distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth. Geographers use a variety of tools: Maps Photographs Charts
Looking at the Earth
History is the study of events over time.
Geography - the study of distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.
Geographers use a variety of tools:
Graphs and Tables
Five Themes of Geography
Location: where is it?
Place: what is it like?
Region: how are places similar or different?
Human-Environment Interaction: how do people relate to the physical world?
Movement: how do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another?
LOCATIONWhere is it?
Absolute Location: the exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such a city, is found.
Imaginary lines north and and south from the equator.
Imaginary lines east and west from the Prime Meridian.
Together, latitude and longitude form a GRID SYSTEM.
1.City closest to 30S / 150E
2.Country bounded by 0S, 15S, 15E, 30E
3.City closest to 60N / 45E
4.Islands between 15N, 30N, 150W, 165W
5.Country through which 75N, 40W pass
6.You are at 15S / 90E. Do you need a car or a boat?
7.What is at 90N / 180W?
8.Country through which 55N, 0E pass.
The Earth is divided at the equator into two halves. Each half is called a hemisphere or half-circle.
3.Rio de Janeiro
The Earth is also divided east and west.
International Dateline 1800 Longitude
Prime Meridian 00 Longitude
What is it like?
Using the categories listed on the previous page as a starting point, make a list of everything you can think of that would describe Houston to someone who has never been here.
Work with your partner. You have five minutes.
REGIONHow are places similar or different?
Three types of regions
Formal Regions: defined by
Functional Regions: defined interactions and connections between places.
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONHow do people relate to the physical world?
With your partner, brainstorm examples of how people living in the Houston area interact with their environment. Use the examples on the previous page as a starting point. You have 5 minutes.
MOVEMENTHow do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another?
Linear Distance: how far
Time Distance: how long
Psychological Distance: how far away we think or feel a place is.
Working with your partner, brainstorm at least one example of each of the three types of distance. You have 5 minutes.